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The list of international projects SAS

Institute of Measurement Science
European network for advancing Electromagnetic hyperthermic medical technologies.
Európska sieť pre pokrok v elektromagnetických hypertermických medicínskych technológiách
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Teplan Michal PhD.
Annotation:Electromagnetic (EM) hyperthermic technologies hold great potential in the treatment of diseases, especially for cancers that are resistant to standard regimens. These technologies modify tissue temperature: hyperthermia heats the diseased tissue to make it susceptible to treatments, and ablation heats the tissue until it is destroyed. Hyperthermia is particularly effective in treatment of cervical and breast cancer, head and neck cancers, sarcoma in adults, and germ cell tumours in children; while radiofrequency and microwave ablation offer promise for treating liver, kidney, and lung cancers. Overall, these techniques have shown significant potential and there is substantial opportunity to solidify their use clinically and to apply them to a wider range of medical conditions. However, underpinning the development of these techniques is the need for accurate knowledge of the dielectric and thermal properties of tissues, which provide the foundation for these technologies and de-risk the technical challenge before commercialization. Furthermore, contributing to the stagnant market of EM hyperthermic medical devices is the fact that, often researchers working on the development of medical technologies are not fully aware of, and not trained to address, the clinical and commercialisation challenges facing novel medical devices. To address these challenges, the MyWAVE Action takes a holistic approach by bringing together key players in the field of dielectric spectroscopy, translational research, and medical professionals. Conjoining these varied communities into one collaborative network is critical to advance the design, development, and commercialisation of EM hyperthermic technologies, so that they can reach patients faster and improve treatment outcomes.
Duration: 4.9.2018 - 3.9.2022
Correlated Multimodal Imaging in Life Sciences
Korelované multimodálne zobrazovanie vo vedách o živej prírode
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Hain Miroslav PhD.
Annotation:The network aims at fueling urgently needed collaborations in the field of correlated multimodal imaging (CMI), promoting and disseminating its benefits through showcase pipelines, and paving the way for its technological advancement and implementation as a versatile tool in biological and preclinical research. CMI combines two or more imaging modalities to gather information about the same specimen. It creates a composite view of the sample with multidimensional information about its macro-, meso- and microscopic structure, dynamics, function and chemical composition. Since no single imaging technique can reveal all these details, CMI is the only way to understand biomedical processes and diseases mechanistically and holistically. CMI relies on the joint multidisciplinary expertise from biologists, physicists, chemists, clinicians and computer scientists, and depends on coordinated activities and knowledge transfer between academia and industry, and instrument developers and users. Due to its inherently multidisciplinary and cross-functional nature, an interdisciplinary network such as this Action is indispensable for the success of CMI. Nevertheless, there is currently no European network in the field. Existing scattered efforts focus on correlated light and electron microscopy or (pre)clinical hybrid imaging. This Action will consolidate these efforts, establish commonly-accepted protocols and quality standards for existing CMI approaches, identify and showcase novel CMI pipelines, bridge the gap between preclinical and biological imaging, and foster correlation software through networking, workshops and open databases. The network will raise awareness for CMI, train researchers in multimodal approaches, and work towards a scientific mindset that is enthusiastic about interdisciplinary imaging approaches in life sciences.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 11.10.2022
Wearable Robots for Augmentation, Assistance or Substitution of Human Motor Functions
Nositeľné robotické zariadenia pre posilnenie, podporu alebo náhradu motorických funkcií človeka
Program: COST
Project leader: Doc. Ing. Přibilová Anna PhD.
Annotation:Wearable Robots (WRs) is an emerging field of personal devices that are integrated parts of human functioning, and that are constructed of typical robotic components such as actuators, sensors and control algorithms. Where conventional robots were typically intended for use in industrial environments to help in tedious and repetitive tasks and tasks requiring high precision, the situation is currently evolving to one where there is an increasing direct physical interaction between robot and human operator. The interaction with humans in WRs is not only physical, but also includes cognitive aspects, as in the interaction, control of functions is typically shared by human and machine. WRs can be used either to augment, train or supplement motor functions or to replace them completely. Wearable Robots operate alongside human limbs, as is the case in orthotic robots, exoskeletons or robotic suits. WRs are expected to find applications in Medical, Industrial and Consumer Domains, such as neuro-rehabilitation, worker support, or general augmentation. As WRs continuously interact with humans in multiple situations, Human Robot Interaction, Ergonomics, and Ethical, Legal and Societal (ELS) considerations, as well as early involvement of stakeholders are of essential interest. This Action focuses on the European integration of different underlying disciplines in science and engineering, as well as on engaging of stakeholders to improve WR technology and its societal impact.
Duration: 15.3.2017 - 14.9.2021
Novel integrated approaches for research of biomedical effects of pulsed electric fields
Nové integrované prístupy pre výskum biomedicínskych účinkov pulzných elektrických polí
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: Mgr. Teplan Michal PhD.
Annotation:Intense pulsed electric fields have already use and great further potential for novel applications in biomedicine and food industry. However, the mechanistic details of the action of pulsed electric fields on the plasma membrane and especially on the intracellular level are still not clear. This project is focused on theoretical and experimental characterization of the effects of pulsed electric fields from the level of subcellular biomolecular structures to a cellular level. We aim to develop and employ approaches based on impedance spectroscopy and chemiluminescence detection which will enable us to explore the most prominent bioeffects of pulsed electric fields in a real-time, non-invasive and label-free manner. The major technological novelty will be in the integration of these monitoring tools to an automatic programmable experimental platform. The results of the project will provide new methods in the research of effects of electromagnetic fields on living cells and will bring future medical applications closer to reality.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2021
Understanding and modeling compound climate and weather events
Porozumenie a modelovanie združených klimatických a meteorologických javov
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Chvosteková Martina PhD.
Annotation:Hazards such as floods, wildfires, heatwaves, and droughts usually result from a combination of interacting physical processes that occur across multiple spatial and temporal scales. The combination of physical processes leading to an impact is referred to as a Compound Event. Examples of high-impact Compound Events include (i) droughts, heatwaves, wildfire and/or air pollution and their interactions involving a complex interplay between temperature, humidity and precipitation; (ii) extreme precipitation, river discharge and storm surge interactions, combining coastal storm processes with fluvial/pluvial and ocean dynamics; (iii) storms including clustering of major events leading to spatial and/or temporal dependence. Climate change alters many of these processes and their interaction, making projections of future hazards based on single driver analyses difficult. Impact studies considering only one driver usually fail to assess the extent of the impacts of Compound Events. It is thus not clear whether climate models can capture major changes in risk associated with Compound Events. Existing modelling approaches used to assess risk may therefore lead to serious mal-adaptation. DAMOCLES will (a) identify key process and variable combinations underpinning Compound Events; (b) describe the available statistical methods for modelling dependence in time, space, and between multiple variables; (c) identify data requirements needed to document, understand, and simulate Compound Events, and (d) propose an analysis framework to improve the assessment of Compound Events. DAMOCLES brings together climate scientists, impact modellers, statisticians, and stakeholders to better understand, describe and project Compound Events, and foresees a major breakthrough in future risk assessments.
Duration: 14.9.2018 - 13.9.2022
Sudden cardiac arrest prediction and resuscitation network: Improving the quality of care
Predikcia náhlej srdcovej zástavy a systém resuscitácie: Zvýšenie kvality zdravotnej starostlivosti
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Švehlíková Jana PhD.
Annotation:Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) causes 2 million deaths each year in Europe alone. Since SCA strikes unexpectedly and is lethal within minutes if untreated, solving this problem requires (1) recognizing individuals at risk and designing preventive strategies, (2) providing timely and effective treatment. Because SCA mostly occurs out-of-hospital, SCA victims rely on first-response treatment provided by citizens, firefighters and emergency medical services. There are large regional differences in SCA survival rates across Europe (1-30%). This suggests that regional differences in individual risk prediction, prevention and treatment have a major impact on the chance to survive. To improve survival rates across Europe it is imperative to study: 1) inherited, acquired, and environmental risk factors of SCA across European regions; 2) regional differences in preventive measures and first-response treatment strategies and their effectiveness. The PARQ Action will facilitate this research by forming a pan-European network of excellence in SCA and resuscitation science. This network includes investigators from different disciplines including cardiology, molecular biology, resuscitation science, emergency medicine, general practice and health economics. The main objectives of the Action are to promote development of standards for collection of clinical data and biological samples and to harmonize data analysis. This will aid in development of risk prediction models based on inherited, acquired and environmental risks. The PARQ action will focus on European differences in first-response treatment and develop guidelines. In summary, the PARQ Action investigators will enable breakthrough developments to decrease the incidence of SCA and improve survival, while reducing the vast regional European differences in survival rates.
Duration: 26.10.2020 - 25.10.2024

The total number of projects: 6