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Institute: Institute of Hydrology

EUROFRIEND - Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data
EUROFRIEND - Režim odtoku z medzinárodných experimentálnych a sieťových údajov
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: RNDr. Miklánek Pavol CSc.
Annotation:The FRIEND programme is an international research programme that helps to set up regional networks for analyzing hydrological data. It aims to develop better understanding of hydrological variability and similarity across time and space, through the mutual exchange of data, knowledge and techniques at the regional level. The advanced knowledge of hydrological processes and flow regimes gained through FRIEND helps to improve methods applicable in water resources planning and management. FRIEND is a cross-cutting programme that interacts with all five core IHP-VII themes. A generic overarching scientific objective has been to improve the understanding of the similarity and hydrological variability across different regions of the world, and to share models and techniques between countries, organizations and researchers. The current research covers a diverse range of topics including low flows, floods, variability of regimes, rainfall/runoff modelling, processes of stream flow generation, sediment transport, snow and glacier melt, climate change and variability and its uncertainties, and land-use impacts.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2021

European Network of Experimental and Representative Basins - ERB
Európska sieť experimentálnych a reprezentatívnych povodí
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: RNDr. Holko Ladislav PhD.
Annotation:The Euromediterranean Network of Experimental and Representative Basins (ERB) is an open association of 20 European countries operating and managing well instrumented experimental and representative basins for hydrological and environmental research on a long term basis. The ERB network promotes the exchange of basin information and the cooperation in international programs as FRIEND, HELP and PUB. Information is disseminated through Newsletters. The Steering Committee of ERB consists of National Correspondents nominated by the UNESCO-IHP National Committees. ERB was established in 1986 and has organised twelve biennial conferences since its beginning. The main objectives are : • To increase relationships between members, research teams, universities and basin managers, through exchanges of hydrological information, data, research methods, models and to organise visits and biennial conferences; • To enable joint studies of common interest • To make available and exchange data between research groups. • To harmonize methods of data collection and processing. Scientific topics and conferences: Despite the large diversity of hydrological problems in our countries there appears always a convergence of hydrological topics of common interest in small basin research to formulate themes of our conferences to which scientists of all member countries can contribute. Examples are: hydrological monitoring, runoff generation, hydrological and environmental modelling, biogeochemical processes, extremes, uncertainties in data and model concepts, effects of natural and man-made changes, erosion, sedimentation, hillslope processes, etc. The organizing country may also select topics of more national or regional interest. The biennial conferences are very important occasions to present and discuss research and to exchange experiences. Especially young scientists can benefit from these meetings by presenting their (PhD) research, discussing their ideas and exchange data to test their hypotheses and model concepts.
Duration: 1.1.2013 - 31.12.2021

IHP-VIII Regional cooperation of the Danube countries
IHP-VIII Regionálna spolupráca podunajských krajín
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: RNDr. Miklánek Pavol CSc.
Annotation:In 1971, the hydrologists of 8 Danube Countries launched on a voluntary basis a regional hydrological cooperation aiming to produce consistent hydrological information about the whole Danube Catchment with an area of 817,000 km². Since 1987, this cooperation has been carried out in the framework of the International Hydrological Programme (IHP) of UNESCO, so far under the coordination of the IHP National Committees of Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary. The cooperation of the Danube countries within framework of the IHP of UNESCO is based on the one hand on project work and on the other on regular conferences. The aim of the conferences is to serve as a forum for discussion and exchange of views among the specialists involved.
Duration: 1.1.2014 - 31.12.2021

Vplyv globálnej klimatickej zmeny na vodné zdroje na Ukrajine odhadnutej pomocou zmien prietoku v riekach a zložkami odtoku
Impacts of global climate changes on water resources in Ukraine estimated by variability of river discharges and hydrograph components
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Pekárová Pavla DrSc.
Annotation:Surface water is a dominant resource for water supply in Ukraine. 85% of water supply comes from the rivers and water reservoirs. Global climate changes resulted in an increase of air temperature in the country. The biggest change is observed in the cold period. In certain years, the average temperature of the cold period is above zero. Although the mean annual precipitation did not change, a decrease in the winter period and an increase in the autumn are observed. Changed air temperature and precipitation patterns result in the decrease of river discharge during spring maxima and its increase during previously low flow periods. Changes in water chemistry were observed as well. Uneven distribution of water resources over Ukraine is combined with shortage of water in regions which are most populated and economically most important. Bad water infrastructure, insufficient water treatment, formerly intensive agriculture and climate change can further deteriorate poor river water quality. The project will consist of two workpackages. In the first one, the analysis of river discharges from selected rivers in Ukraine will be conducted. The results will contribute to better understanding of the variability of river discharges. Second package will focus on hydrographs components. Better understanding of hydrograph components could help explain observed changes in water chemistry and estimate its further development under changed climate.
Duration: 1.4.2017 - 31.12.2019

Fire in the Earth System: Science & Society
Požiar v systéme Zeme: veda a spoločnosť
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Lichner Ľubomír DrSc.
Annotation:FIRElinks will develop an EU-spanning network of scientists and practitioners involved in vegetation fire research and management with different backgrounds: fire dynamics, fire effects on soil, water and vegetation, and fire risk management. It will connect communities from different scientific and geographic backgrounds, allowing the discussion of different experiences and the emergence of new approaches to fire research. The objective of FIRElinks is to power synergic collaborations between European research groups and stakeholders with the objective to synthesise the existing knowledge and expertise, and to define a concerted research agenda which promotes an integrated approach to create fireresilient landscapes, taking into account biological, biochemical and-physical, but also socio-economic, perception and policy constraints. This is an urgent societal need due to expected further intensification and geographical spreading of wildfire regimes under climate change.
Duration: 24.4.2019 - 23.4.2023

Flood regime of rivers in the Danube river basin, Phase III. Final monograph preparation
Režim povodní v povodí rieky Dunaj, III. fáza: Spracovanie záverečnej monografie
Program: UNESCO
Project leader: RNDr. Pekárová Pavla DrSc.
Annotation:The main objectives of the project‘s phase III. is to analyze results I. and II. phases, namely information on the flood regime from the entire Danube basin. The partial results obtained from the analysis of time series of average daily and maximum annual Danube flood flows from 20 stations along the Danube and 50 stations of the Danube basin for the period 1931-2005 will be elaborated in the form of a final report and monographs. This information can be used for water management in the Danube River Basin and for designing flood protection measures as well as for improving the quality of hydrological flood alerts. All Danube countries within the framework of the UNESCO International Hydrological Program - specifically within the framework of Danube Cooperation - are involved in the project.
Duration: 1.7.2017 - 31.12.2019

Synergy of integrated sensors and technologies for urban secured environment
Synergia integrovaných senzorov a technológií pre zabezpečenie urbanizovaného prostredia
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: Ing. Velísková Yvetta PhD.
Annotation:The SYSTEM project will design and demonstrate a data fusion system for the continuous monitoring of threats associated to the manufacturing of explosives and to the production and handling of synthetic drugs. SYSTEM will acquire and process data from the sewage wastewater and solid waste networks as well as air emissions from target areas in real-time. Such network will consist of different sensing systems, working in different and complementary utilities and environments,
Duration: 1.9.2018 - 31.8.2021

The total number of projects: 7