The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Institute of Forest Ecology

Analysis of revitalization process in beech ecosystems over the immission load
Analýza revitalizačného procesu v bukových ekosystémoch po imisnom zaťažení
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Annotation:The issue of revitalization beech ecosystems in imission-affected regions is still actual, not only in the Central Europe but a large part of the distribution area of beech. Negative effects of environment to growth conditions and thus to stand damage it depend on a number of tree disposition characteristics as well as from synecological relations in the forest according to which the beech ecosystems are led by. From these reasons it is very important to clarify revitalization processes in forest ecosystems after removed the source of pollution was. And this will be the main objective of our project. Discovering and characterization of revitalization process in respective forest elements is a pioneer work. Results coming from this work would represent a basic concept for prediction of forest development in man-affected environment. Since forests are the most complex terrestrial ecosystems, the uniqueness of this project lies in combination of ecological, physiological, botanical and mycological research with application of recent methodology in the Carpatian / Hercynian area.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Centre of the investigation of synthesis and transformation of nutritional substances in food chain in interaction with potentially risk substances of anthropogenic origin.
Centrum pro studium vzniku a transformací nutričně významných látek v potravním řetězci v interakci s potenciálně rizikovými látkami antropogenního původu.
Program: European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 1.11.2018 - 31.12.2022

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Climate Smart lesníctvo v horských regiónoch
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Ditmarová Ľubica PhD.
Annotation:Climate Smart Forestry aims at sustainable management of forest while adapting and building resilience to climate change (CC), and maintain wellbeing of the mountain community. Three main pillars of CLIMO project are: (i) improve livelihood of mountain inhabitants by sustainably increasing forest ecosystem services (ES); (ii)enhance the adaptation and resilience to CC of mountain forests; (iii) optimise the CC mitigation potential of mountain forests, focusing on the most efficient and cost-effective mitigation options and capitalising on adaptation-mitigation synergies. SEA leads WG4: DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE SCHEMES OF PAYMENT FOR Ecosystem SERVICES (PES) with the objective to develop incentive based system to support Climate-Smart Forestry concept as a possible tool for development of forestry under the impact of Global Change (GC).
Duration: 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions
Climate Smart lesníctvo v horských regiónoch
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) integrates the three-dimensions of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental), and aims at sustainably increasing agricultural productivity and incomes, adapting and building resilience to climate change (CC), and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. CLIMO wants to translate the CSA concept for a Climate-Smart Forestry (CSF). Three main pillars will be considered: improve livelihood of mountain inhabitants by sustainably increasing forest ecosystem services (ES); enhance the adaptation and resilience to CC of mountain forests; optimise the CC mitigation potential of mountain forests, focusing on the most efficient and cost-effective mitigation options and capitalising on adaptation-mitigation synergies. The main objective is to define CSF in the European context, which will require the identification of key silvicultural characteristics and the harmonisation of CSF in mountain areas to create a common knowledge at European level. The “smartness” of the European forests will be defined according to the sustainability of forest management and mitigation potential. The ““smartness”” will be defined on the basis of measurable criteria and a checklist of parameters of “smartness” for mountain forests will be proposed. Experimental forest sites with available data to quantify the “smartness” of mountain forests will be identified to build a European Smart Forest Network (ESFONET). A feasibility study for the development of a cyber-technology able to quickly transfer data from monitoring sites to stakeholders will be developed. Innovative schemes of payment for ES (PES) will be developed to shift the objective of mountain forest management from the production of timber to the production of ES.
Duration: 17.10.2016 - 16.10.2020

Molecular and physiological properties of honeybee royal jelly proteins
Molekulárne a fyziologické vlastnosti proteínov včelej materskej kašičky
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.4.2014 - 31.3.2020

Monitoring of the physiological potential of royal jelly based on new scientific knowledge
Monitorovanie fyziologického potenciálu včelej materskej kašičky na základe nových vedeckých poznatkov
Program: JRP
Project leader: RNDr. Bíliková Katarína PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

Payments for Ecosystem Services (Forests for Water)
Platby za ekosystémové služby
Program: COST
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:The EU Water Framework Directive aims to ensure restoration of Europe’s water bodies to “good ecological status” by 2027. Many Member States will struggle to meet this target, with around half of EU river catchments currently reporting below standard water quality. Diffuse pollution from agriculture represents a major pressure, affecting over 90% of river basins. Accumulating evidence shows that recent improvements to agricultural practices are benefiting water quality but in many cases will be insufficient to achieve WFD objectives. There is growing support for land use change to help bridge the gap, with a particular focus on targeted tree planting to intercept and reduce the delivery of diffuse pollutants to water. This form of integrated catchment management offers multiple benefits to society but a significant cost to landowners and managers. New economic instruments, in combination with spatial targeting, need to be developed to ensure cost-effective solutions including tree planting for water benefits - are realised. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are flexible, incentive-based mechanisms that could play an important role in promoting land use change to deliver water quality targets. The PESFOR-W COST Action will consolidate learning from existing woodlands for water PES schemes in Europe and help standardize approaches to evaluating the environmental effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of woodland measures. It will also create a European network through which PES schemes can be facilitated, extended and improved, for example by incorporating other ecosystem services linking with aims of the wider forests-carbon policy nexus.
Duration: 18.10.2016 - 17.10.2020

International soil biogeography consortium for biodiversity studies & conservatorium of soil comunities
Pôdna biogeografia pre štúdie biodiverzity pôdnych spoločenstiev
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: Ing. Barna Milan PhD.
Duration: 23.7.2018 - 30.9.2024

Spatial analyses in population genetic studies of tree pathogens
Priestorové analýzy v populačno-genetických štúdiách patogénov drevín
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: Mgr. Adamčíková Katarína PhD.
Annotation:The development of spatial analyses in population genetic studies has led to the recent emergence of landscape genetics, and has shown a great value to understand the spread of various organisms in complex landscapes. The joint analysis of spatial and genetic data is rapidly becoming the norm in population genetics. Understanding the spatial characteristics of a pathogen population or diseased plant population is essential for developing models or sampling programs in epidemiology and disease management. Despite a growing interest in landscape genetics, i.e. the ways in which geographical and environmental factors affect the population genetic structure of species, in this context are still limited, especially focusing on infectious organisms. The project activities will be focused on processing and analysing data about mating types, results of multiples PCR using SSR markers for fungal pathogens Dothistroma septosporum and D. pini and data about their distribution, landscape, climatic and abiotic parameters. The goals of project proposal is - to identify the possible origins and patterns of spread of both pathogens, to identify their reproductive and dispersal strategies and to determine the impact of crucial landscape, climatic, abiotic parameters related to pathogens spread. The Slovak research team has a data on DNB fungi but lacking of skill experiences in the data processing, spatial pattern analysis and landscape genetics. The proposed bilateral cooperation will contribute to the transfer of knowledge and experiences of French research team with the analyses of population genetic structures and with spatial pattern analyses associated to genetic data and field experiments.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2019

Social Innovation in Marginalised Rural Areas
Spoločenské inovácie v marginalizovaných vidieckych oblastiach
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: prof., Mgr. Kluvánková Tatiana PhD.
Annotation:SIMRA’s overarching objective is to fill the significant knowledge gap in understanding and enhancing social innovations in marginalised rural areas in particular in forestry, agriculture and rural development. Department of SEA at IFE SAS as the leader of work package 2 is particularly responsible for setting the basic concepts and theories on social innovation and identification of economic, social, environment and governance variables explaining evidence of social innovations. SEA IFE SAS leads also transdisciplinary strategy for actively engaging stakeholders operating at international, national and local levels.
Duration: 1.4.2016 - 1.4.2020

Arthropod communities in fungal fruitbodies
Spoločenstvá článkonožcov v drevokazných hubách
Program: Multilateral - other
Project leader: RNDr. Krištín Anton DrSc.
Annotation:Friess N., Müller J.C., Abrego N., Aramendi P., Bässler C., Bouget Ch., Brin A., Bussler H., Georgiev K., Gil R., Gossner M.M., Heilmann-Clausen J., Isaacson G., Krištín A., Lachat T., Larrieu L., Los S., Magnanou E., Maringer A., Mergner U., Mikolas M., Opgenoorth L., Schmidl J., Svoboda M., Thorn S., Vrezec A., Vanderkhoven K., Winter B, Wagner T., Zapponi L., Brandl R. & S. Seibold, 2018: The species-rich arthropod communities in fungal fruitbodies are weakly structured by climate and biogeography across European beech forests. Diversity and Distributions, DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12882
Duration: 1.1.2016 - 31.12.2019

Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Transfer poznatkov pre zlepšenie manažmentu Európskych riečnych ekosystémov a ich služieb
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Slezák Michal PhD.
Duration: 9.11.2017 - 8.11.2021

Influence of abiotic and biotic stresses on properties of plants
Vplyv abiotických a biotických stresorov na vlastnosti rastlín
Program: Inter-institute agreement
Project leader: Ing. Kuklová Margita CSc.
Duration: 11.11.2016 - 11.11.2021

The study of anti-attactant systems of native and invasive coniferous bark beetles in Euroasia
Výskum systémov anti-atraktantov domácich a inváznych druhov podkôrneho hmyzu v Euroázii
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: Ing. Jakuš Rastislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2019

Changes in the number and activity of soil microorganisms during black locust invasion
Zmeny v počte a aktivite pôdnych mikroorganizmov počas invázie agátom bielym
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: Ing. Ferus Peter PhD.
Annotation:The project will provide insight into the processes associated with the interactions between black locust and soil microorganisms, in particular the activity of rhizobacteria affected by black locust seed exudate and the extracts obtained from black locust leaves and roots. This study will allow us to determine the role of soil microorganisms in black locust allelopathic potential and outline ways to control black locust invasion and improve the growth of native plant species during reforestation and agricultural crops in agroforestry systems.
Duration: 1.1.2017 - 31.12.2019

The total number of projects: 15