The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Plant Science and Biodiversity Center

The European Aquatic Animal Tracking Network
Európska sieť na sledovanie akvatických živočíchov
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Annotation:Telemetry is a commonly applied method to investigate the ecology and movement behaviour of aquatic species in relation to their environment. It provides a scientific basis for management and conservation and has significantly improved our understanding of ecosystem functioning and dynamics. More specifically, telemetry provides valuable data that can be used in many policies and directives. As a result, large scale nationally and regionally managed initiatives were implemented around the globe in recent years. Although there is a large and growing number of researchers in Europe using biotelemetry to study aquatic animals and answer management-related questions, there is a stringent lack of in-field telemetry collaborations in Europe. This situation represents a substantial loss of opportunities for: scientific excellence, funding opportunities and competitivity of European SME on the international biotelemetry market. With this COST Action, we want to close this gap and the overarching objective is to ensure a transition from a loosely-coordinated set of existing regional telemetry initiatives to a sustainable, efficient, and integrated pan-European biotelemetry network embedded in the international context of already existing initiatives. This will be achieved through working group meetings, workshops, training courses and scientific missions focused on: 1) Implementing a centralised European database, requirements and policy mapped to the data standards of existing international biotelemetry data systems, 2) improve the usefulness and inter-applicability of currently available technology and foster technological advancements, 3) promoting the establishment of key telemetry infrastructure and research on key species, and 4) provide continuous training opportunities and disseminate knowledge to the stakeholders' community.
Duration: 1.4.2019 - 31.3.2023

Ex situ conservation of conifer tree species using in vitro cultures and cryopreservation techniques - in the frame of An integrated approach to conservation of threatened plants for the 21st Century
Ex situ konzervácia druhov ihličnatých drevín použitím in vitro kultúr a kryokonzervačných techník - v rámci projektu Integrovaný prístup konzervácie ohrozených rastlín pre 21. storočie
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Salaj Terézia DrSc.
Annotation:The overarching aim of this Action is to improve plant conservation in Europe through the establishment of a network of scientists and other stakeholders who deal with different aspects of plant conservation, from plant taxonomy, ecology, conservation genetics, conservation physiology and reproductive biology to protected area's managers. The aim of research group at IPGB PSBC SAS is the study of somatic embryogenesis, including initiation of the process, maturation as well as plantlet regeneration in Pinus nigra, Abies alba and Abies hybrids. The study will be focused on physiological, biochemical as well as structural aspects, important for understanding of the mechanism underlying somatic embryogenesis. For cryopreservation of embryogenic tissue the slow-freezing method, suitable for unorganised cell and tissue cultures, will be used.
Duration: 15.10.2019 - 14.10.2023

Editovanie genómu rastlín - technológia s transformatívnym potenciálom
Genome editing in plants - a technology with transformative potential
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Jopčík Martin PhD.
Annotation:A great challenge of this century is to provide adequate nutrition for an increasing global population while developing a more socially, economically and environmentally sustainable agriculture that counters climate change, biodiversity loss and degradation of arable land. Plant research and breeding are very important in meeting this challenge. Building on scientific progress, a number of genome editing techniques have been developed over the past two decades allowing an unprecedented level of precision in our control over genetic material and its corresponding traits. This COST Action will bring together expertise from a range of disciplines to evaluate plant genome editing techniques and their resulting products from various perspectives. The findings will serve to design a roadmap for directing and facilitating applications of genome editing in plant research and breeding, which in turn will help setting R&D priorities and stimulating further cross-national and cross-disciplinary collaborations.
Duration: 25.4.2019 - 24.4.2023

Chasmophyte communities – important habitat of rare and endemic plant species
Chasmofytické spoločenstvá - významný biotop vzácnych a endemických druhov rastlín
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Valachovič Milan DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Konverzia poznatkov na zlepšenie riadenia európskych pobrežných ekosystémov a služieb – COST
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Duration: 9.11.2017 - 8.11.2021

Mobilising Data, Policies and Experts in Scientific Collections
Mobilizácia dát, pravidiel a expertov vo vedeckých zbierkach
Program: COST
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation:European Natural Science Collections host approximately 1.5 billion biological and geological collection objects, which represent about 80% of the known current and past biological and geological diversity on earth. The scope of this MOBILISE is to foster a cooperative network in Europe to support excellent research activities, and facilitate knowledge and technology transfer around natural science collections. This will prepare the ground for a future pan-European Distributed System of Scientific Collections. The COST Action MOBILISE will: (1) Facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between researchers, domain specialists, data aggregators and industry by networking activities, events, workshops and trainings (“Open to the world”) (2) Promote the development of innovative techniques and coordinated prioritisation to increase efficiency of large scale collection digitisation and mobilisation (“Open innovation”) (3) Raise awareness about the need in science and society that, apart from physical access, sustainable data access infrastructures are an integral component of biodiversity research (“Open access”)
Duration: 1.10.2018 - 1.10.2022

SOURDOugh biotechnology network towards novel, healthier and sustainable food and bioprocesses
Network biotechnológie kvasných procesov smerom k novým, zdravším a udržateľným potravinám a bioprocesom
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Hricová Andrea PhD.
Annotation:Traditional sourdough bread resorts to spontaneous fermentations leading to natural selections of microorganisms, mainly yeasts and lactic acid bacteria. Such microorganisms are essentially beneficial to humans and, concomitantly, inhibits propagation of undesirable microbiota. Sourdough fermentation was probably one of the first microbial processes employed by Man for food production and preservation. Sourdough bread stills widely manufactured at farm level across Europe and worldwide and is highly appreciated by consumers for its distinct flavour, texture and healthy attributes. Through a bottom-up approach, this COST Action network brings together a multidisciplinary group of scientists and SMEs/LEs dedicated for many decades to study cereals and sourdough technologies. In upstream, it aims at exploitation autochthonous (pseudo)cereals with good baking, nutritional and healthy attributes, while promoting a sustainable agriculture and preserving genetic diversity. Simultaneously, aims at contributing to develop new business opportunities to local farmers through their engagement into food processing with shared small-scale breadmaking facilities, and the integration into industrial and trade chains. Such features are in agreement with European Agenda for Food and Environment. In downstream, the biotechnological sourdough fermentation exploitation comprises several objectives: design starter cultures with a wide range of biotechnological applications; production of healthy and tasty varieties of bread, thus catalysing changes in consumers' diets and market orientations; production of high-added value metabolites resorting to sourdough microbiota; and valorisation of by-products from cereal production and sourdough technologies.
Duration: 10.4.2019 - 9.4.2023

Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science – Alien CSI
Občianska veda (Citizen Science) ako nástroj na zvýšenie povedomia o nepôvodných druhov organizmov
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Duration: 1.6.2018 - 30.6.2022

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Ochrana in-situ pomocou menežmentu ekosystémov - v rámci projektu Integrovaný prístup k ochrane ohrozených rastlín v 21. storočí
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Duration: 15.10.2019 - 14.10.2023

Genomic biodiversity knowledge for resilient ecosystems
Poznanie genómovej biodiverzity pre odolné ekosystémy
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Čiampor Fedor PhD.
Annotation:In a rapidly changing environment the resilience of ecosystems depends ultimately on species adaptability. G-BIKE will enable standard and routine tools for assessing, monitoring and managing the genetic resilience and related adaptive potential of wild and captive populations. Although genetic data can be obtained for most organisms, the standardization of protocols for detecting and monitoring species’ genetic diversity, and their potential for adaptation, is still lacking. G-BIKE will assist scientists and practitioners across the EU and particularly in COST Inclusiveness Target Countries to integrate genetic and evolutionary knowledge into conservation planning policies, and to promote cross-border management and long term monitoring programs of evolutionary potential in order to ensure persistence of populations and species, and ultimately the continued supply of nature-based ecosystem services. Considering the drastic impacts of climate change during the coming decades, G-BIKE is especially urgent. The following aims will be accomplished by involving a balanced representation of scientists and practitioners from a diversity of countries: 1) clearly articulating for managers how genetic diversity can support ecosystems; 2) developing and testing best practice protocols for monitoring genetic diversity in time and space; 3) providing an online forum on emerging tools; 4) connecting all stakeholders through networking and training opportunities; 4) building a network of conservation genetics labs; 5) building a foundation for long term impact.
Duration: 1.3.2019 - 31.3.2023

Restoration of sterlet populations in the Austrian Danube - LIFE
Reštitúcia jesetera malého v rakúskom úseku Dunaja – LIFE
Program: LIFE
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2021

Conserving the endemic flora of the Carpathian region
Uchovanie endemickej flóry Karpát
Program: Other
Project leader: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation:This project cover seed collecting and research activities of vascular plants in Carpathian region with special focus on Carpathian endemics, sub-endemics, and regional endangered species found at the edge of their distribution. In 2017 was developed Carpathians research network which connecting experts from five different countries. Project is managed by our Institution and finnaced by RGB Kew. The main aims of the project are: ex situ conservation of seeds – seed banking; comprehensive biosystematic investigation of selected Carpathian endemic taxa and taxa groups (we selected five different model genera which include Carpathian endemics – Carex curvula agg., D. arbuscula Čelak. and D. petraea Leyb., Soldanella L.: sect. Soldanella, Draba L.: sect. Aizopsis, sect. Chrysodraba and sect. Leucodraba, Silene zawadzkii Herbich); and developing a detailed distribution database for the entire endemic flora of the Carpathians and publishing the Flora Endemica Carpatica monograph.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 30.6.2022

Developing new genetic tools for bioassessment of aquatic ecosystems in Europe
Vývoj nových genetických nástrojov na hodnotenie stavu bioty vodných ekosystémov Európy
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Čiampor Fedor PhD.
Annotation:The protection, preservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems and their functions is of global importance. For European states it became legally binding mainly through the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD). In order to assess the ecological status of a given water body, aquatic biodiversity data are obtained and compared to a reference water body. The quantified mismatch thus obtained determines the extent of potential management actions. The current approach to biodiversity assessment is based on morpho-taxonomy. This approach has many drawback such as being time consuming, limited in temporal and spatial resolution, and error-prone due to variation of individual taxonomic expertise of the analysts. Novel genomic tools can overcome many of the aforesaid problems and could complement or even replace traditional bioassessment. Yet, a plethora of approaches are independently developed in different institutions, thereby hampering any concerted routine application. The goal of this Action is to nucleate a group of researchers across disciplines with the task to identify gold-standard genomic tools and novel eco-genomic indices for routine application for biodiversity assessments of European water bodies. Furthermore, DNAqua-Net will provide a platform for training of the next generation of European researchers preparing them for the new technologies. Jointly with water managers, politicians and other stakeholders, the group will develop a conceptual framework for the standard application of eco-genomic tools as part of legally binding assessments.
Duration: 20.10.2016 - 19.10.2020

Biodiversity of temperate forest taxa orienting management sustainability by unifying perspectives
Zjednocujúci pohľad na udržateľný manažment druhovej diverzity lesov mierneho pásma
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Šibík Jozef PhD.
Annotation:The main aim and objective of the Action is to The Action challenge is to substantially increase the degree of management sustainability of European forest ecosystems in order to maintain their social, environmental and economic values in the long-term. It will be addressed by establishing a knowledge platform able to standardize and apply the existing information on forest biodiversity.
Duration: 13.11.2019 - 12.11.2023

The total number of projects: 14