The list of national projects SAS

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Institute: Plant Science and Biodiversity Center

Ecological and geographical peculiarities and main migration ways of invasive plant species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia
Ekologické a geografické vlastnosti a hlavné migračné cesty inváznych rastlín v pohraničnej oblasti Ukrajiny a Slovenska
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Májeková Jana PhD.
Annotation:The project is intended to clarify the main factors playing the key role in modern dynamic trends of invasive species in the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia. These data will form the scientific foundations of monitoring of invasive species and control of their dispersal. As a result of the joint Ukrainian-Slovak project, ecological, coenological and geographical peculiarities of invasive species on the border area of Ukraine and Slovakia will be established, and for the first time the expansion trends and main migration routes of invasive species in the regions will be assessed.
Duration: 6.4.2017 - 31.12.2019

Chasmophyte communities – important habitat of rare and endemic plant species
Chasmofytické spoločenstvá - významný biotop vzácnych a endemických druhov rastlín
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Valachovič Milan DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2020

Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Konverzia poznatkov na zlepšenie riadenia európskych pobrežných ekosystémov a služieb – COST
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Duration: 9.11.2017 - 8.11.2021

Mobilising Data, Policies and Experts in Scientific Collections
Mobilizácia dát, pravidiel a expertov vo vedeckých zbierkach
Program: COST
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation:European Natural Science Collections host approximately 1.5 billion biological and geological collection objects, which represent about 80% of the known current and past biological and geological diversity on earth. The scope of this MOBILISE is to foster a cooperative network in Europe to support excellent research activities, and facilitate knowledge and technology transfer around natural science collections. This will prepare the ground for a future pan-European Distributed System of Scientific Collections. The COST Action MOBILISE will: (1) Facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between researchers, domain specialists, data aggregators and industry by networking activities, events, workshops and trainings (“Open to the world”) (2) Promote the development of innovative techniques and coordinated prioritisation to increase efficiency of large scale collection digitisation and mobilisation (“Open innovation”) (3) Raise awareness about the need in science and society that, apart from physical access, sustainable data access infrastructures are an integral component of biodiversity research (“Open access”)
Duration: 1.10.2018 - 1.10.2022

SOURDOugh biotechnology network towards novel, healthier and sustainable food and bioprocesses
Network biotechnológie kvasných procesov smerom k novým, zdravším a udržateľným potravinám a bioprocesom
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Hricová Andrea PhD.
Annotation:Traditional sourdough bread resorts to spontaneous fermentations leading to natural selections of microorganisms, mainly yeasts and lactic acid bacteria. Such microorganisms are essentially beneficial to humans and, concomitantly, inhibits propagation of undesirable microbiota. Sourdough fermentation was probably one of the first microbial processes employed by Man for food production and preservation. Sourdough bread stills widely manufactured at farm level across Europe and worldwide and is highly appreciated by consumers for its distinct flavour, texture and healthy attributes. Through a bottom-up approach, this COST Action network brings together a multidisciplinary group of scientists and SMEs/LEs dedicated for many decades to study cereals and sourdough technologies. In upstream, it aims at exploitation autochthonous (pseudo)cereals with good baking, nutritional and healthy attributes, while promoting a sustainable agriculture and preserving genetic diversity. Simultaneously, aims at contributing to develop new business opportunities to local farmers through their engagement into food processing with shared small-scale breadmaking facilities, and the integration into industrial and trade chains. Such features are in agreement with European Agenda for Food and Environment. In downstream, the biotechnological sourdough fermentation exploitation comprises several objectives: design starter cultures with a wide range of biotechnological applications; production of healthy and tasty varieties of bread, thus catalysing changes in consumers' diets and market orientations; production of high-added value metabolites resorting to sourdough microbiota; and valorisation of by-products from cereal production and sourdough technologies.
Duration: 10.4.2019 - 9.4.2023

A next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones included into stimuli responsive nanoformulation
Nová generácia rastlinných biostimulátorov založená na strigolaktónoch viazaných na nanočastice
Program: Horizon 2020
Project leader: RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava PhD.
Annotation:The BENDIS project aims to integrate technologies for the industrial production of a next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones (SL) analogs and mimics, included into a stimulus controlled release nanoformulation. A better harnessing of exogenously applied SL analogues/mimics requires such formulations, which protect SL from rapid degradation and promote their steady release at the biologically active concentrations under controlled conditions – i.e. root mediated pH changes in the soil.
Duration: 1.1.2018 - 31.12.2019

Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science – Alien CSI
Občianska veda (Citizen Science) ako nástroj na zvýšenie povedomia o nepôvodných druhov organizmov
Program: COST
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Duration: 1.6.2018 - 30.6.2022

Contribution of IB SAS to the international project Millenium Seed Bank
Príspevok BÚ SAV k medzinárodnému projektu Millenium Seed Bank
Program: Other
Project leader: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation:The MSB project is the largest ex situ plant conservation programme in the world. Project focus is on global plant life faced with the threat of extinction and plants of most use for the future. The seeds we save are conserved in seed banks as an insurance against the risk of extinction in their native habitat. Working with network of partners across 80 countries, were successfully banked over 13% of the world's wild plant species. The main goal of the project is to save 25% of those species with bankable seeds by 2020 (75,000 species). IB SAS coordinate seeds colection actvities in Slovakia. Target taxa for seed collecting are endemics, endangered and invasive plants. Seeds are stored at MSB Kew and at Gene Bank in Piešťany. Since 2007 were collected and stored from Slovakia 752 taxa. In future we plan to cover with cooperation of several Institutions from relevant countries whole Carpathians area as well as Balkan Peninsula.
Duration: 1.1.2007 - 31.12.2020

Restoration of sterlet populations in the Austrian Danube - LIFE
Reštitúcia jesetera malého v rakúskom úseku Dunaja – LIFE
Program: LIFE
Project leader: Mgr. Pekárik Ladislav PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2015 - 31.12.2021

Software tools for monitoring NATURA 2000 habitats by satellite images
Softvérové nástroje na monitorovanie biotopov NATURA 2000 satelitnými snímkami
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Annotation:The objective of the project is to exactly localize and classify NATURA 2000 habitats in territory of Slovakia and to monitor their dynamics and qualitative changes by dedicated image segmentation software. The localization, classification and dynamic space-time segmentation and tracking will be based on processing and analysis of Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar data (SAR), Sentinel-2 multispectral imaging data and its combination. We will provide proof-of-concept and feasibility of our strategies for NATURA 2000 habitats classification and monitoring their dynamics by using the Earth observation data. To that goal we shall develop software prototype suitable for botanists and nature conservationists. We will also identify potential software users among environmental organizations in Slovakia. The proposed project represents preparatory activity, a feasibility study of suggested research concept and software development. The outputs will be novel at the world-wide level, with great potential to be used not only in Slovakia but across the whole Europe. This preparatory study will lead to future R&D projects with the aim to develop alpha and beta versions of dedicated software for segmentation and tracking of NATURA 2000 habitats.
Duration: 1.12.2017 - 30.11.2019

Developing new genetic tools for bioassessment of aquatic ecosystems in Europe
Vývoj nových genetických nástrojov na hodnotenie stavu bioty vodných ekosystémov Európy
Program: COST
Project leader: RNDr. Čiampor Fedor PhD.
Annotation:The protection, preservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems and their functions is of global importance. For European states it became legally binding mainly through the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD). In order to assess the ecological status of a given water body, aquatic biodiversity data are obtained and compared to a reference water body. The quantified mismatch thus obtained determines the extent of potential management actions. The current approach to biodiversity assessment is based on morpho-taxonomy. This approach has many drawback such as being time consuming, limited in temporal and spatial resolution, and error-prone due to variation of individual taxonomic expertise of the analysts. Novel genomic tools can overcome many of the aforesaid problems and could complement or even replace traditional bioassessment. Yet, a plethora of approaches are independently developed in different institutions, thereby hampering any concerted routine application. The goal of this Action is to nucleate a group of researchers across disciplines with the task to identify gold-standard genomic tools and novel eco-genomic indices for routine application for biodiversity assessments of European water bodies. Furthermore, DNAqua-Net will provide a platform for training of the next generation of European researchers preparing them for the new technologies. Jointly with water managers, politicians and other stakeholders, the group will develop a conceptual framework for the standard application of eco-genomic tools as part of legally binding assessments.
Duration: 20.10.2016 - 19.10.2020

The total number of projects: 11