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Institute: Institute of Geography

Endogenous and exogenous development potential in Slovak and Polish marginalized areas
Endogénny a exogénny potenciál rozvoja marginalizovaných oblastí na Slovensku a v Poľsku
Program: Inter-academic agreement
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The project concerns the methods of delimitation of marginalized areas and the identification of endogenous and exogenous development potentials that may be subject to effective intervention from central and local authorities. The effects of public and private investments will also be examined. The project has undertaken four basic tasks: a) comparison of the methodology of delimitation of marginalized areas in Slovakia and Poland; b) evaluation of development potentials of marginalized areas in Poland and Slovakia, including potentials: socio-demographic, environmental, transport, economic and touristic; c) evaluation of the effects of large private and public investments to stimulate development and overcome marginalization; d) indications and recommendations for regional and cohesion policy in Poland and Slovakia.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021

Assessment of Drought Impact on Vegetation Dynamics in Riparian Zone of Braided-Wandering River System
Hodnotenie dopadov sucha na dynamiku vegetácie v ripariálnej zóne divočiaco-migrujúceho riečneho systému
Program: European Space Agency (ESA)
Project leader: Mgr. Rusnák Miloš PhD.
Duration: 27.4.2020 - 27.10.2020

Polish borders as a resource – between heritage and tourism product
Hranice Poľska ako potenciál – medzi dedičstvom a produktom cestovného ruchu
Program: Bilateral - other
Project leader: Mgr. Michniak Daniel PhD.
Annotation:Traditionally borders were understood as barriers. In last few years we observe many new meanings of borders. One of them is new idea of borders as a resource. The project focuses on the production of heritage and tourist attraction related on Polish borders actual and former (relict borders). The research questions are defined as follows: (1) How are the border resources created and utilized for heritage and tourism development in the Polish border areas? (2) Which scalar dimensions of border resources, heritage and spatial identity are manifested at the tourist sites at will use to creation of tourism products (3) Where and why are borders a basis for tourism development? Which spatial form they create? (accidentally, as a single place of memory, line of memory, two sites cooperating between them, network of cooperation, region)? Are they function as growth pole for local or regional development? (4) How does the mobilization of different Actors on using border resources to tourism product creation safeguard or undermine the integrated approach in tourism development of border adjacent areas? (5) How and where borders are transformed into tourism products, which elements are used and how they function in reality, perception and virtual space (digital place)?
Duration: 1.9.2019 - 28.2.2022

V4 communication platform for use of Earth Observation methods in biotic forest disturbances
Komunikačná platforma krajín V4 pre využívanie metód pozorovania Zeme pri biotickom poškodení lesa
Program: International Visegrad Found (IVF)
Project leader: RNDr. Kopecká Monika PhD.
Duration: 20.9.2019 - 30.8.2020

Knowledge conversion for enhancing management of European riparian ecosystems and services
Konverzia vedomostí na zlepšenie manažmentu európskych ripariálnych ekosystémov a služieb
Program: COST
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Annotation:Riparian ecosystems comprise the physical environment and biological communities that lay at the interface of freshwater and terrestrial systems. They are recognised as ecosystems that are highly diverse and contain specialist ecological communities, as well as providers of multiple ecosystem services. Recognizing of the importance of riparian ecosystems has resulted in much research within Europe. Despite this body of work and policy motivation, progress in improving the state of riparian ecosystems across Europe has been very limited. This is probably because of a misalignment of ‘frames’ (i.e. the ways in which individuals or organisations with different backgrounds, geographical origin, cultural contexts, or purpose, know and conceive of such complex systems). Specific issues related to the misalignment of frames between stakeholders in riparian research and management are the following ones: (i) the wide geographical dispersion and heterogeneity of current knowledge across EU Member States; (ii) a lack of effective communication and sharing of knowledge among scientists from different disciplines and from different countries; (iii) insufficient and problematic knowledge conversion and experiences from academics to managers/practitioners; (iv) a lack of suitable assessment tools that allow comparability between fluvial systems; (v) insufficient momentum behind the body of research to create effective coordinated action or policy creation at the level needed.
Duration: 1.4.2019 - 30.11.2021

Solutions for climate-smart land use in the dry steppes of Russia
Riešenia pre klimaticky vhodné poľnohospodárstvo v suchých stepných oblastiach Ruska
Program: ERANET
Project leader: Mgr. Pazúr Róbert PhD.
Annotation:In future there would be need to supply more agricultural products to meet demands from increasing world population. However, adverse impacts of climate change will hit major breadbaskets, and more heavily, the agricultural frontiers, such as the Russian dry steppes, where negative impacts of climate change are projected. The Russian dry steppes also is a region where adoption of climate-smart agriculture may allow reducing the negative impacts of climate change, cut the Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and result in defragmentation of steppes. We face a “hot moment” because after 1991 economy restructuring resulted in massive agricultural land abandonment and the restoration of steppes. Recent plans about recultivation of steppes underscore the importance to evaluate the trade-offs between agricultural expansion and ecosystem services. The ultimate goal of the project is to assess the ability of the Russian dry steppes to mitigate negative projections of climate change by adopting climate-smart agriculture. We will also assess the optimal land use under the changing climatic conditions with an account for the expected profit versus potential reduction of GHG emissions per each unit of produced agricultural commodity. The project will fill methodological and thematic gaps- the advancement of monitoring land-use intensity and ecosystem modeling, mapping land-use/ land-cover change (LULCC) in the dry steppes of European Russia from 1990 to 2017, assessment of reduction of GHG emissions under the different scenarios. The project advances a theoretical background on drivers of land transformation in Russia, taking profit from contrasting Russia with case studies in Slovakia & Switzerland. The project will also focus on strengthening international collaboration, training young scientists, making outputs publically available, outreach, linkage to policymaking via IPCC, IPBES, Global Land Project initiatives, by working with the Russian Government.
Duration: 1.4.2018 - 31.3.2021

The total number of projects: 6