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FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OF RECTANGULAR BROAD-CRESTED WEIRS WITH SLOPED UPSTREAM FACE

In: Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, vol. 60, no. 2
Ehsan Goodarzi - Javad Farhoudi - Naser Shokri
Detaily:
Rok, strany: 2012, 87 - 0
Kľúčové slová:
Broad Crested Weir, Upstream Face Slope, Flow Surface Pattern, Discharge Coefficient, Correction Factor, Separation Zone, Velocity Profile.
URL originálneho zdroja: http://www.ih.savba.sk/jhh
O článku:
The hydraulic characteristics of flow over rectangular broad-crested weirs with varying upstream slopes were experimentally studied. A series of laboratory experiments was performed to investigate the effects of changing upstream slopes from 90o to 75o, 60o, 45o, 30o, 22.5o, 15o, and 10o on the flow surface pattern, discharge coefficient values, approach velocity profile and flow separation zone. In addition, a new mathematical relationship for water surface profile and a new correction factor to estimate discharge coefficient over weirs with various upstream slopes were introduced. The results showed decreasing upstream slopes from 90o to 10o leading to increasing discharge coefficient values and dissipation of the separation zone.