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Performance of a shallow-water model for simulating flow over trapezoidal broad-crested weirs

In: Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, vol. 67, no. 4
Jaromír Říha - David Duchan - Zbyněk Zachoval - Sébastien Erpicum - Pierre Archambeau - Michel Pirotton - Benjamin Dewals
Detaily:
Rok, strany: 2019, 322 - 328
Jazyk: eng
Kľúčové slová:
Discharge coefficient; Frontal broad-crested weir; Shallow flow modelling; Rough weir crest.
URL originálneho zdroja: http://www.ih.sav.sk/jhh
O článku:
Shallow-water models are standard for simulating flow in river systems during floods, including in the nearfield of sudden changes in the topography, where vertical flow contraction occurs such as in case of channel overbanking, side spillways or levee overtopping. In the case of stagnant inundation and for frontal flow, the flow configurations are close to the flow over a broad-crested weir with the trapezoidal profile in the flow direction (i.e. inclined upstream and downstream slopes). In this study, results of shallow-water numerical modelling were compared with seven sets of previous experimental observations of flow over a frontal broad-crested weir, to assess the effect of vertical contraction and surface roughness on the accuracy of the computational results. Three different upstream slopes of the broad-crested weir (V:H = 1:Z1 = 1:1, 1:2, 1:3) and three roughness scenarios were tested. The results indicate that, for smooth surface, numerical simulations overestimate by about 2 to 5% the weir discharge coefficient. In case of a rough surface, the difference between computations and observations reach up to 10%, for high relative roughness. When taking into account mentioned the differences, the shallow-water model may be applied for a range of engineering purposes.
Ako citovať:
ISO 690:
Říha, J., Duchan, D., Zachoval, Z., Erpicum, S., Archambeau, P., Pirotton, M., Dewals, B. 2019. Performance of a shallow-water model for simulating flow over trapezoidal broad-crested weirs. In Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, vol. 67, no.4, pp. 322-328. 0042-790X (until 2019) . DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2019-0014

APA:
Říha, J., Duchan, D., Zachoval, Z., Erpicum, S., Archambeau, P., Pirotton, M., Dewals, B. (2019). Performance of a shallow-water model for simulating flow over trapezoidal broad-crested weirs. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 67(4), 322-328. 0042-790X (until 2019) . DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/johh-2019-0014
O vydaní:
Vydavateľ: VEDA, Publishing House of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
Publikované: 15. 12. 2019