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On Historical Context of Leszek Nowak’s Idealizational Conception of Science

In: Organon F, vol. 30, no. 2
Rafał Paweł Wierzchosławski


Year, pages: 2023, 137 - 147
Language: eng
Idealization; Leszek Nowak; modernization; non-Marxian historical materialism; social systems; Poznań School of Methodology.
Article type: Discussion Note
About article:
The famous saying Habent sua fata libeli, can (at least sometimes) also apply to (philosophical) ideas, especially the most abstract ones. As it seems, the invocation of this maxim may also have some application in interpreting the concept of idealization of the concept of science, for the understanding of which it is useful to pay attention to the historical, social and political context. I argue that the analytical Marxism of the Poznan School of the 1970s and 1980s was a philosophical reflection of certain modernization pro- cesses of the real socialist system (the managerial revolution and the technocratic modernization of the Gierek era), which was an attempt to “escape forward” from the dysfunctional “manual control” of the system during the period of minor stabilization of the 1960s. At the same time, this period ended the ideological (quasi-religious) functions of Marxist philosophy (March 1968) by introducing an expert dimension that emphasized the use (adaptation) of contemporary currents of thought present in the thought of Western countries. The idealizing interpretation of Marx as an insightful methodologist, whose legacy makes it possible to overcome methodological dilemmas in modern philosophy of science, was also aimed at finding such an aspect (idealizing models) that made it possible to defend against factual charges directed against the Marxist system in the social sciences (apologetic function). A refined conceptual scheme was supposed to give the nimbus of being scientific (logical analysis). How- ever, the sophistication of the late scholasticism of analytical Marxism did not save this construction in its empirical verification (the problem of predicting social phenomena) and led the author to create a non-Marxist Historical Materialism as a separate theory, which was to focus on the structural-functional analysis of the historical process, which involved putting aside the study of idealization “to the side.”
How to cite:
ISO 690:
Wierzchosławski, R. 2023. On Historical Context of Leszek Nowak’s Idealizational Conception of Science. In Organon F, vol. 30, no.2, pp. 137-147. 1335-0668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/orgf.2023.30203

Wierzchosławski, R. (2023). On Historical Context of Leszek Nowak’s Idealizational Conception of Science. Organon F, 30(2), 137-147. 1335-0668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31577/orgf.2023.30203
About edition:
Publisher: Filozofický ústav SAV, Filosofický ústav AVČR
Published: 1. 7. 2023
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0)