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The list of national projects SAS

Earth Science Institute of the SAS
3D integrated geophysical model of the Tatra Mountains and their surroundings
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Program:
Project leader: Mgr. Godová Dominika
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2022
An analysis of robustness of selected structural parameters in relation to earthquake ground motion in local near-surface structures with stochastic perturbations of material parameters
Analýza robustnosti vybraných štrukturálnych parametrov vo vzťahu k seizmickému pohybu v lokálnych povrchových štruktúrach so stochastickými perturbáciami materiálových parametrov.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Gális Martin PhD.
Annotation:Sufficiently accurate estimates of earthquake ground motion (EGM) at a site of interest is important for mitigation of potential damage during future earthquakes. EGM and associated damage during an earthquake can be significantly affected by site effects (e.g., an anomalous amplification of EGM). Key structural parameters, with potential to cause site effects, were identified using extensive numerical simulations of EGM performed in the framework of projects NERA (FP7) and SIGMA (EDF, CEA, Areva, ENEL). The simulations and analysis focused on deterministic models. An ongoing ID-Effects project (APVV) investigates also random variations of small-scale heterogeneities of material parameters (e.g., seismic wave speeds). The stochastic character of the variations requires an additional specific analysis. The most important aspect of the additional investigation is analysis of stability of the key structural parameters in complex stochastic models.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
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Asociácie a paragenézy supergénnych minerálov: odraz migrácie ťažkých prvkov v životnom prostredí
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Siman Pavol PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2024
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Atlas tektonických dislokácií zemskej kôry na území Slovenska
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2022 - 30.6.2026
Bentonite: Slovak strategic raw material - Innovative assessment of bentonite quality and origin for its efficient use
Bentonit: strategická surovina Slovenska – inovatívne hodnotenie zdrojov a ich kvality pre jej efektívne využívanie
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Biroň Adrián CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2025
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Časové a priestorové zmeny v spoločenstve koralinných rias a treťohorných plytkovodných vápencov Západných Karpát
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Hrabovský Juraj PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2025
Reading in natural archives: thousands of years of environmental history and climate change recorded in alpine lakes of the Ukrainian Carpathians
Čítanie v prírodných archívoch: tisíce rokov dlhá história prostredia a klimatických zmien zaznamenaná v alpínskych jazerách Ukrajinských Karpát
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Dr. Kyška-Pipík Radovan PhD.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2025
Extensometric measurements and interpretation of the periodical and non periodical deformation of the Earth´s crust in the Western Carpathian region
Extenzometrické merania a interpretácia periodických a neperiodických deformácií zemskej kôry v oblasti Západných Karpát
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Dérerová Jana PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Genesis and evolutionary stages of the granite massif in the Tatric part of the Nízke Tatry Mts.
Genéza a evolučné štádiá granitového masívu tatrickej časti Nízkych
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.
Annotation:Project is focused on solution of genesis and evolution of granite massif in the Tatric part of the Nízke Tatry Mountains where up to now seven granite types were recognised. In spite of the importance of this large granite massif the modern complex geochemical and petrological analysis along with modern geochronology and solving genetic time sequence (mainly on the basis of the monazite chemical dating and isotopic zircon analysis) still absents. The new obtained data for the granite massif of the Nizke Tatry Mts., which has been repeatedly metamorphosed and has metallogenetic significance, will be correlated with the granites in the rest of the West-Carpathian crystalline basement and also with the Variscan Europe.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Density analysis of the rock environment based on surface and underground gravity measurements
Hustotná analýza horninového prostredia na základe povrchových a podzemných gravimetrických meraní.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Zahorec Pavol PhD.
Annotation:Density of rocks is a basic parameter characterizing the rock environment from the point of view of gravimetry. Its correct estimation for a given area is a necessary condition for correct processing and interpretation of gravimetric measurements. In the case of Slovakia that fact is emphasized by the rugged mountainous character of our territory, and at the same time complicated geological structure of the Western Carpathians. It is known that laboratory density analyzes of rock samples do not always reflect the natural density properties of the rocks. For that reason methods of direct analysis of gravimetric measurements are becoming increasingly important. In particular, the combination of surface and underground gravimetric measurements is a very suitable approach. The aim of the project will be to develop this methodology using the most modern geophysical and geodetic methods. The subject of the research will also be the application of the above-mentioned methodology in the archaeological research.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Chronology of global events in Tethyan and Parathethyan basins of the Western Carpathians infered from evolution and life environments of fossil planktonic organisms.
Chronológia globálnych udalostí v tethýdnych a paratethýdnych panvách Západných Karpát na základe evolučného vývoja a životných podmienok fosílnych planktonických organizmov.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Chronostratigraphic standards and sedimentary archives of global changes of biota and paleoenvironments of the Western Carpathians
Chronostratigrafické štandardy a sedimentárne archívy globálnych zmien života a paleoprostredia Západných Karpát
Program: SRDA
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Soták Ján DrSc.
Duration: 1.8.2021 - 30.6.2025
Immobilization of potentially toxic elements in contaminated soils at important Cu-deposits of Europe
Imobilizácia potenciálne toxických prvkov v kontaminovaných pôdach na významných Cu-ložiskách Európy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Milovská Stanislava PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Integration of latest findings and approaches of gravimetry, geothermics and deep seismics for determining lithospheric structure and tectonics focusing on Western Carpathians
Integrácia najnovších poznatkov a interpretačných prístupov gravimetrie, geotermiky a hlbinnej seizmiky pre určenie stavby a tektoniky litosféry s dôrazom na Západné Karpaty
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Vajda Peter PhD.
Annotation:Integration of the most recent knowledge, findings, and interpretation approaches to investigating the geological structure and tectonic processes of the lithosphere of the Western Carpathians by means of gravimetry, geothermics, deep seismics, structural geology and tectonics. To study the lithosphere, existing available geophysical data as well as geological and tectonic models will be reinterpreted utilizing the most recent approaches and modeling tools. New 2D and 3D crustal and upper mantle models shall be created including refined Moho and LAB. Our reinterpretation will lean on most recent findings from geothermic modeling and magnetotelluric exploration achieved over latest years at our institute. The final lithospheric geological-geophysical models will draw from the results of regional geologic and tectonic investigations. The project aims at improving the quality of basic earth science research in Slovakia. We assume also deliverables in terms of exploiting geo-sources and renewable energy.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Complex analysis of the effects of rising air temperature on rainfall extremes in Slovakia
Komplexná analýza vplyvu rastúcej teploty vzduchu na extremalitu zrážok na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Onderka Milan PhD.
Annotation:Climate extremes, including extreme rainfall and heat waves, have intensified in the recent decades. This trend is attributable mainly to higher temperature and subsequent higher water vapor content in the atmosphere. A simple relation of precipitation extremes and air temperature is site specific and the relationship between air temperature, dew point temperature and precipitation extremes should be evaluated for each site individually. To our best knowledge, no study has yet been conducted in Slovakia that would deal with the complex stochastic characteristics of precipitation extremes in relation to air temperature, humidity and climate indices simultaneously. In this project we will develop novel process-oriented procedures to estimate design rainfall values. In addition, we will project annual, seasonal, daily and sub-day rainfall sums and their quantiles for time horizons (eg 2030, 2050 and 2080) based on the outputs of the regional climate modelsRCMs (e.g. CORDEX or ALADIN).
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Fine laminated deposits - a tool for chronology of the latest Pleistocene climatic events in the Tatra Mts.
Laminované sedimenty – nástroj pre chronológiu klimatických eventov v Tatrách na konci pleistocénu
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Dr. Kyška-Pipík Radovan PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Magnetotelluric modeling of deep tectonic structures at the European pltform and Carpathian block interface.
Magnetotelurické modelovanie hlbokých tektonických štruktúr na kontakte Európskej platformy a Karpatského bloku.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Bezák Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The development during the youngest phases of the current orogeny of the Western Carpathians is atypical compared to the other young orogeny in the world. The cause is the oblique collision of the Carpathian block with European platform leading to the formation of highly complex subsurface tectonic structures at the interface of these two plates. It is also important to trace the manifestations of this oblique collision in the deep tectonic structures. This is only possible through geophysical methods. The project aims to analyze the deep tectonic structures at the interface between European platform and Carpathian block by magnetotelluric modeling using seismic, gravimetric and magnetic data.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
Metamorphic processes in collisional orogenic zones
Metamorfné procesy v kolíznych orogénnych zónach
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Janák Marian DrSc.
Annotation:The project deals with metamorphic processes in collisional orogenic zones, mainly ultrahigh-pressure metamoprhism (UHPM). Several types of rocks - eclogites, garnet peridotites, gneisses, granulites and migmatites will be investigated in selected terrains including the Western Carpathians, Eastern Alps (Pohorje), Scandinavian Caledonides and Rhodopes. Major objectives of the project include phase relations of mineral assemblages and thermodynamic (P-T-X) conditions during subduction and exhumation. A special attention will be paid to identification of ultrahigh- pressure phases including microdiamonds. Detailed study of accessory minerals (monazite, zircon, rutile) will be focused on their stability in metamorphic processes with implications for geochronological dating and reconstruction of the P-T-t paths. The project will be carried out using modern and innovative methods and the outputs from the project may expand knowledge on geodynamic evolution of Earth´s lithosphere in collisional orogenic zones.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2023
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Mineralógia a genéza drahokovovej epitermálnej Au-Ag mineralizácie v JZ časti štiavnického stratovulkánu (oblasť Rudno-Pukanec)
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Mikuš Tomáš PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2020 - 31.12.2022
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Mobilita a akumulácia kritických prvkov pri vzniku a alterácií orogénnych karbonatitov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. RNDr. Hurai Vratislav DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2024
New Bouguer anomaly map of the Alpine-Carpathian area: a tool for gravity and tectonic applications
Nová mapa Bouguerových anomálií alpsko-karpatskej oblasti: nástroj pre gravimetrické a tektonické aplikácie
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Zahorec Pavol PhD.
Annotation:Exact calculation of the complete Bouguer anomalies (CBA) plays an important role in applied gravimetry, whereas these serve as the main input into geological, structural and tectonic interpretation (in CBA maps all non-geological influences – mainly the manifestation of relief - are suppresed and the density inhomogeneities in lithosphere structure are displayed). The team of investigators of the submitted project was invited in the frame of an European initiative (AlpArray Gravity Research Group) with the aim to create a new map of CBA from the Alpine-Carpathian area. Up to day published solutions, coming from the so-called „Slovak gravimetric school“ (e.g.: reambulation of gravimetric databases on the national level, calculation of near and distant topographic effects, regularized, transformations of potential fields, 3D complex density modelling with the introduction of the geological corrections, stripping of gravimetric fields) could be further developed and applied during the tectonic interpretation of the new CBA map from the Alpine-Carpathian region with the aim to improve the knowledge about Alpine orogenesis and its relation to the upper-mantle dynamics. As a part of the project, there are planned also verification field measurements, which can contribute to the improvement of the precision of the gravimetrical dataset of the Alpine- Carpathian area. Project has chance to develop the methodics of CBA calculation in high-mountains environment using the concept of ellipsoidal heights and to deliver to other experts an unique new gravimetric map from the region of Western and Central Europe. Main output of the project will be the new CBA map from the Alpine- Carpathian region in a digital format (grid 4x4 km), which will be provided for a realisation of gravimetric, geodynamic, exploration, geothermal and other studies and researches. Additional outputs of the project will be the transformed maps (grids) of CBA field.
Duration: 1.7.2020 - 30.6.2024
Radon activity concentration in selected show caves in Slovakia
Objemová aktivita radónu vo vybraných sprístupnených jaskyniach na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.
Annotation:The project addresses the investigation of radon activity concentration (222Rn) in the atmosphere of selected show caves in Slovakia, using integral and continuous measurements. Long-term integral and short-term continuous monitoring will be performed in the atmosphere of the Brestovská Cave, the Harmanecká Cave and the Demänovská jaskyňa slobody Cave. In the Važecká Cave the continuous monitoring of radon will continue. Periodic and non periodic variation of radon activity concentration will be evaluated in relation to the meteorological parameters measured inside and outside the cave. Radon activity concentration in water collected from lakes and streams in the above mentioned caves will be determined. On the basis of the obtained experimental data a model of seasonal, daily and short-term variations of radon in caves will be proposed and tested, as well as model of their ventilation regime.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Response of Mountain pine to stress factors in mountain areas of the Western Carpathians
Odozva borovice horskej – kosodreviny na stresové faktory v horských oblastiach Západných Karpát
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Lukasová Veronika PhD.
Annotation:The communities of Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) fulfill important ecological and environmental functions in mountainous areas. Due to climate changes, these communities are exposed to warming, extreme weather conditions (hot dry summers, warm spells in winters, reduced snow periods and snow cover) and high surface ozone (O3) concentrations, which affects their condition. The project presents a comprehensive approach to assess the biological response of P. mugo communities to stress factors (O3 concentration and bioclimatic conditions) evaluated by the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), oxidative stability (OxSt) and the visible injury index (VII) of assimilation organs. The use of NDVI derived from satellite data which reflects the amount of chlorophyll in plant tissues; provides the possibility to analyze the damage in a large scale. Presented project is highly topical and responds to the requirements of the European Commission for the conservation of biodiversity in the context of climate change.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
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Paleogeografické a geodynamické interpretácie detritických minerálov z vybraných oblastí Západných Karpát: prípadová štúdia identifikácie charakteru transportných podmienok a zdrojových oblastí v krasových a nekrasových územiach
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Broska Igor DrSc.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2024
Preservation potential and effects of hypoxic events on benthic communities in the fossil record
Potenciál na zachovanie hypoxických eventov a ich účinok na bentické spoločenstvá vo fosílnom zázname
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Tomašových Adam DrSc.
Annotation:Hypoxic events can strongly reduce productivity and nutrient recycling in ecosystems and increase probability of species extinctions. Preservation potential of hypoxic events in the fossil record can be low if there is a relatively long time for ecosystem recovery in the wake of oxygen depletion, if depth of bioturbation is large, and/or if sedimentation rate is very slow. In this project, we will use actualistic and paleoecological methods to determine conditions under which benthic responses to hypoxic events can be preserved in the fossil record. First, we will assess preservation potential of benthic respones to hypoxia in Holocene sediments on continental shelves off southern California and in the Adriatic Sea. Second, we will evaluate temporal and spatial variability in the composition of benthic communities in successions characterized by alternations of normoxic and hypoxic conditions in semi-enclosed basins during the Triassic and Early Jurassic (Alps) and Miocene (Vienna and Korneuburg basins).
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Variability of geomagnetic field in various time scales from the point of view of physical causes
Premenlivosť geomagnetického poľa v rôznych časových škálach z pohľadu fyzikálnych príčin
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Revallo Miloš PhD.
Annotation:The project is aimed at modelling of selected aspects of geomagnetism related to the variability of the Earth's magnetic field in various time scales. In the case of short time scales (hours, days), magnetic disturbances due to external influences, especially variable solar activity, will be investigated. In the case of long time scales, a partial task of the project will be the analysis of processes related to the internal sources of the magnetic field. Rapid time changes of the field are one of the manifestations of space weather, which can endanger present technological systems. Slow temporal changes of the field are the reason why its monitoring is necessary, especially for navigation purposes in aviation. The presented project is focused on solving partial problems related to a wider spectrum of variations of the Earth's magnetic field, with a physical view of the causes in connection with variable solar activity and also with the basic principles related to the generation processes of the field.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Radon in caves and mines – Portugese and Slovak case studies
Radón v jaskynných a banských priestoroch – portugalská a slovenská prípadová štúdia
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.
Annotation:This bilateral mobility project proposes the setup of a new joint team able to exploit the synergy of the Slovak and Portuguese expertise on radon and environmental radioactivity. The project addresses the radioactivity of underground environments, particularly caves and mines, as the radioactivity level in the air and water of these specific environments is very relevant for both geophysical exploration and radioprotection. The project will focus on specific case studies from Slovakia and Portugal, including the Domica cave (Southern Slovakia), the gallery of St. Anthony of Padua (Central Slovakia), and the mine of Urgeiriça (Central Portugal). The parameters driving the variations of radon concentration and gamma radiation in these underground environments will be investigated. In addition to atmospheric radioactivity, measurements of radiation levels in water by autonomous robotic systems, with emphasis on the flooded portions of the caves and mines, will be also exploited.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Rifting and subsidence history of back-arc basins across the Western Carpathians
Rifting a subsidenčná história zaoblúkových paniev Západných Karpát
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kotulová Júlia PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on the research of subsidence history, mainly in the Danube and East Slovakian Neogene basins. Due to a plentiful newly published research results, a need to revise older models is now present. With regards to the the aims of this work, new biostratigraphic, radiometric and geochemical analyzes (organic carbon content, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, vitrinite reflectance, biomarkers) will be performed. They will be derived from key deep wells, outcrops and correlated by using available reflection seismic. The analysis of subsidence history will allow the determination of the total, tectonic and thermal history in connection with the geodynamic development of the Western Carpathians. The study will also bring new insights into the hydrocarbon and geothermal systems of the basins. The final refined tectono-thermal models will therefore be potentially applicable in various energy industry sectors.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Recent and historical seismic activity in the Little Carpathians Mts. source zone
Súčasná a historická seizmická aktivita v zdrojovej oblasti Malé Karpaty
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Csicsay Kristián PhD.
Annotation:The Little Carpathians Mts. source zone belongs to the most seismic active regions on the territory of Slovakia. The goal of submitted project is to better understand the seismic regime of this area. The project is focused on acquiring and analyses of geophysical data, mainly seismic monitoring, reinterpretation of macroseismic data and data on historical earthquakes. One of the main intentions of the project is to refine the existing seismotectonic model of the Little Carpathians Mts. source zone. Data obtained within the frame of proposed project belong to the crucial inputs for seismic hazard assessment. The high importance of this analysis for the investigated region is emphasized by vicinity of the Jaslovské Bohunice nuclear power plant.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
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Šváby zo svetových jantárov III.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Vršanský Peter PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2024
Ultrahogh-pressure metamorphic rocks and granitoids of colisional orogens: P-T-X conditions, formation of microdiamonds, stability of accessory minerals nd geodynamic evolution
Ultravysokotlakové metamorfované horniny a granitoidy kolíznych orogénov : P-T-X podmienky, tvorba mikrodiamantov, stabilita akcesorických minerálov a geodynamický vývoj
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Janák Marian DrSc.
Annotation:The project deals with ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism and granitoid magmatism in collisional orogenic zones. Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks - eclogites, garnet peridotites, gneisses, granulites and various types of granitoids will be investigated in selected terrains including the Western Carpathians, Eastern Alps (Pohorje), Scandinavian Caledonides and Rhodopes. These will serve as case studies of geodynamic evolution in collisional orogens of different age. Major objectives of the project include phase relations of mineral assemblages and thermodynamic (P-T-X) conditions during subduction and exhumation. A special attention will be paid to identification of ultrahigh- pressure phases to elucidate formation of microdiamonds. There will be a possibility to find new occurrences of UHP rocks. Granitoids of the Western Carpathians will be studied to determine their genesis, age and geotectonic setting with emphasis to solve their geodynamic evolution during Variscan orogeny. Detailed study of accessory minerals (monazite,allanite, rutile, ilmenite, apatite, tourmaline, zircon) will be focused on their stability in magmatic, post-magmatic and metamorphic processes, geochronological dating and reconstruction of the P-T-t paths. The project will be carried out using modern and innovative methods and the outputs from the project may expand knowledge on geodynamic evolution of Earth´s lithosphere in collisional orogenic zones.
Duration: 1.7.2019 - 30.6.2023
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Výskum plyvu geologických aspektov na odhad sezónnych korekčných faktorov radónu pre pobytové priestory
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing., RNDr. Smetanová Iveta PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2022 - 31.12.2024
Composition, sources, transport and paleogeographic conditions of deposition of siliciclastic material in Triassic/Jurassic boundary formation of units of the Tatra Mts
Zloženie, zdroje, transport a paleogeografické podmienky sedimentácie siliciklastického materiálu v triasovo/jurských hraničných súvrstviach jednotiek oblasti Tatier
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Vďačný Marek PhD.
Annotation:Significant environmental and evolution events took place during the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. Profile studies of the Triassic/Jurassic boundary formations of the Western Carpathians are therefore of a high importance. In viewpoint of evaluation of paleogeographic, paleoecologic and especially paleoclimatic conditions and their changes during the Triassic/Jurassic boundary, they represent important formations. Therefore, the project aims to solve problems of composition, sources and material transport of the Triassic/Jurassic boundary formations in the Vysoké Tatry Mts, using complex petrographic and geochemical approaches. Moreover, it will clarify the weathering intensity in the source area, paleoclimatic conditions, tectonic mobility, and geodynamic developments and test the validity of existing paleogeographic models.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022

The total number of projects: 33