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The list of national projects SAS

Institute of Geography
Alternative food networks: a shift from consumerism to sustainable consumption
Alternatívne potravinové siete: od konzumnej k udržateľnej spotrebe
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Bilková Kristína PhD.
Annotation:Consumption and consumer behavior are the subject of studies in various scientific disciplines, including geography. Consumption can prove to be conventional or alternative. Conventional consumption is currently more dominant and can lead to consumerism. The opposite is alternative consumption. It is consumption in the intentions of sustainable development. Alternative food networks can be characterized as a food system that is opposite to the conventional, mainstream. However, consumption cannot be considered as a simple expression of consumer demand for goods, but can be understood as an expression of consumer identity. The project will focus on consumption and consumer behavior research as a result of a changing society (shift from consumerism to sustainable consumption). An example is the discovery of a possible transformation from a utilitarian to a hedonistic consumer and vice versa. Or consumer reactions to the current pandemic situation. The authors will look for answers to the questions: How, where and why have consumers' shopping behavior changed in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic? The concepts of sustainable consumption will be explored: responsible and conscious consumption and anti-consumption in Slovakia. The contribution of the project will be new knowledge in understanding consumer behavior in Slovakia. From the point of view of producers (retailers), the added value will be recommendations for the use of academic knowledge in planning practice (eg the definition of the Farmers' Market Code). Despite the relevance of these research topics in geography, only marginal attention is paid to these topics in the Slovak academic community. We believe that the acquired knowledge will contribute to the development of issues in this research area. A relatively young research team is involved in the project, and the benefits of their cooperation are several research and publication activities focused on consumption, which will be followed by this project.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2024
Land cover dynamics as indicator of changes in landscape
Dynamika krajinnej pokrývky ako indikátor zmien krajiny
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Kopecká Monika PhD.
Annotation:The noticeable dynamics is one of the indicators of the changing cultural landscape and its eco-system functions. Identification of these changes requires application of new unconventional approaches facilitating the operative recording, analysis and assessment. The aim of the proposed project is to study the possibilities of application of image records obtained by remote sensing to identification of LC changes and estimation of possibilities to apply such information as indicators of changes in qualitative properties of landscape. Special emphasis will be put on the assessment of changes in urban landscape which cause changes of urban microclimate, changes in agricultural landscape which lead to its abandonment and disappearance of permanent grassland. Analyses will be based on interpretation of image records produced by Sentinel 1 and Sentinel 2 satellites and selected data layers of the Urban Atlas (UA), High Resolution Layers (HRL), and the ), and the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS).
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2022
Land surface topography – a source of data on the tectonic evolution of the Western Carpathians in the Pliocene-Quaternary period
Georeliéf - zdroj informácií o tektonickom vývoji Západných Karpát v pliocénno-kvartérnom období
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Prokešová Roberta PhD.
Annotation:Dynamics of the Western Carpathians landscape in the Pliocene-Quaternary period will be studied to identify the expression of neotectonics as one of the potential controls of the relief evolution. Methods of quantitative geomorphometry will be applied to extract data (topographic variables and morphometric indices) from digital elevation models (DEMs) of various resolutions. Additional data (GIS layers and databases) for spatial and geostatistical analyses will be obtained by completing and adapting available digital data (geological and geophysical maps, climate maps), laboratory analyses and fieldworks. Analysis of multi-source data will be used to specify the potential drivers of the Western Carpathians landscape evolution in various temporal and spatial scales. The results could be used as a template for effective sampling to quantify rates of uplift and erosion by numerical dating methods and assessment of geohazards (seismic hazard, landslide risks) or landscape sensitivity to future climate change.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2024
Assessment of the impact of extreme hydrological phenomena on the landscape in the context of a changing climate
Hodnotenie dopadov extrémnych hydrologických javov na krajinu v kontexte meniacej sa klímy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Kidová Anna PhD.
Annotation:The project is focused on assessing the impacts of extreme hydrological events (drought/flood) on the riverine and rural landscape. In the analysis of changes in the riverine landscape, emphasis is placed on a comprehensive analysis of the processes between extreme hydrological phenomena and the bio-geomorphological response of river ecosystems. In relation to the rural landscape, the potential of river channels, land cover and land use to mitigate the effects of extreme hydrological phenomena is assessed and the ability of rural landscape communities to cope with the negative consequences of these phenomena is analyzed. The research applies multi-temporal analysis of remote sensing data, spatial analysis of individual components of the landscape, as well as field and questionnaire surveys. The obtained results will allow the evaluation of the development of these vulnerable ecosystems with regard to socio-economic activities as well as the design of development scenarios in the context of a changing climate.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Evaluation of uneven spatial development: causes and consequences of socio-economic growth, stagnation or decline of selected localities and regions
Hodnotenie nerovnomerného priestorového rozvoja: príčiny a dôsledky sociálno-ekonomického rastu, stagnácie alebo úpadku vybraných lokalít a regiónov
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Székely Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:Uneven spatial development, which is usually expressed by inter- and intraregional disparities, is a natural and dynamically changing phenomenon. "Conditio sine qua non" of its genesis and existence is an uneven spatial distribution of specific territorial capital, whose creation, perception and utilization is determined, in addition to the geographical location itself, mainly by a particular historical moment and corresponding numerous global and local decisions of important actors of development. The object of research, spatial distribution and interaction of inhabitants and economic activities thus reflects the impact of political, economic, social, environmental and cultural changes of endogenous and exogenous nature, whose interaction causes objective changes in spatial organization and polarization of society. The aim of the project is to identify these changes and to critically evaluate the manifestations, causes and consequences of the uneven socio-economic development of localities and regions.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Mapping population distribution and mobility in Slovakia using mobile network data
Mapovanie rozmiestnenia a mobility populácie na Slovensku s využitím lokalizačných údajov mobilnej siete
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Rosina Konštantín PhD.
Annotation:Despite the fact that we live in an era characterized by a massive development of information and communication technologies current knowledge of population counts and distribution is still, paradoxically, very limited. There are several motives for challenging the relevance of conventional population datasets. In particular, both the occupational and private activities of the population are less place-bound compared to the past. Furthermore, the growing fluctuation and individual mobility of the population have also decoupled the place of residence from the workplace and extended the commute distances. Existing spatial datasets refer only to ‘residential’ population distribution, and more complete datasets reflecting spatiotemporal population variations are still lacking. Exploring and combining new and unconventional datasets can be useful to map spatiotemporal population distribution and to fill data gaps. The mobile phone data has surfaced in recent years as one of the big data sources with a lot of promise for its use in official statistics. Although mobile data does not provide the accuracy of the census, a comparison of this new data source with the census and the population register shows a high correlation and much more dynamism in the aspect of rapid changes. So, in terms of timeliness, quick and short-time indicators could be derived from mobile phone data as an additional source of population information. The project aims at developing and implementing a consistent and validated methodology to produce multi-temporal population distribution for Slovakia by utilizing the localization data of the mobile network. Such datasets will expand the knowledge base of spatiotemporal population patterns across the country. Moreover, multi-temporal population grids can be a useful and straightforward input to several models, particularly transport, land use, economic and environmental models.
Duration: 1.7.2021 - 30.6.2024
Spatially differentiated impacts and manifestations of COVID-19 in Slovakia
Priestorovo diferencované dopady a prejavy COVID-19 na Slovensku
Program: VEGA
Project leader: RNDr. Michálek Anton CSc.
Annotation:The global pandemic of COVID-19 has already caused major loss of life, a recession in the world economy and many other problems. In Slovakia, too, we will feel the consequences of a pandemic in all spheres of socio-economic life for a long time. It is already clear that the manifestations and impacts of the pandemic will be highly spatially differentiated and we assume that the underdeveloped regions with the largest proportion of vulnerable population groups will perform the worst. The project is focused on quantification of spatially differentiated manifestations and impacts of COVID-19 disease in regions and selected areas of Slovakia. The originality of the project is based on its focus on issues that have not yet been addressed in Slovak and worldwide research. It is clear from the specific focus and nature of the project that it will bring principally new knowledge and create a framework for further research into the issue.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023
Suburbanization: Community, identity and everydayness
Suburbanizácia: Komunita, identita a každodennosť
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Šuška Pavel PhD.
Annotation:The general objective of the proposed project is to expand knowledge about the current process of suburbanization in the hinterland of the capital. The study of suburbanization has so far been dominated by quantitative analysis of basic processes (migration, construction, changes in landscape structures), which are viewed from the perspective of the metropolitan area. However, this dynamic environment is characterized by social transformations, negotiation, and creation of new identities, reassessment of the relationship to the localities, and (re)definition of individual perception of a home. Therefore, the main objective of the project is to analyze the specific place-making processes and relations, realized by participants with different socio-demographic characteristics (such as age, gender, ethnicity, religious affiliation, social status and other) and related social and individual identities. These are further reflected in their individual preferences, ideas, or norms and confronted with the socio-cultural and institutional context in the suburbs. The suburban space has a specific position in terms of socio-cultural aspects. On the one hand, a heterogeneous flow of immigrants with different experiences, worldviews, and social status are evident, and on the other, it is a space where these incoming identities meet and interact. The output of this interaction can often be an indeterminate hybrid conglomerate, or the transition to some kind of neoplasm, an alloy formed by combining and remelting these initial cultural elements. There is a negotiation and creation of new identities, a reassessment of the relationship to the locality, community, and redefining the individual and collective experience of home. The central category of home is not a static, but on the contrary, a procedural - and variable phenomenon.
Duration: 1.8.2021 - 31.7.2025
Urban and suburban environments: a space for innovations and alternatives in the retail and services sector
Urbánne a suburbánne prostredie: priestor pre inovácie a alternatívy v maloobchode a službách
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Bilková Kristína PhD.
Annotation:The sector of retail and services can be considered the most dynamic economy sector, comprising an integral part of everyday life. In this context, the project focuses on assessing the urban and suburban environment as a space for research of innovations and alternatives in retail as well as in services. Innovative processes mean processes that have started to appear in the last decade. Such processes include, for example, online shopping. The so-called SMS marketing or use of mobile operators´ data as an innovative way of solving problems can be a strong motivation to purchase and use services. Alternative processes are processes that are in contrast with globalization, e.g. research of community gardens, farmer´s markets etc.. Preferring Slovak, local, organic and eco-products and services has been on the increase, and consumers adapt to this trend in different ways. The question is to what extent and how it is the case also in the Slovak urban and suburban environments.
Duration: 1.1.2019 - 31.12.2021
Relationships of Paradigms in Slovak Geographical Thought: Competition, Indifference or Cooperation?
Vzťahy paradigiem v slovenskom geografickom myslení: konkurencia, indiferentnosť alebo kooperácia?
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Prof. RNDr. Ira Vladimír CSc.
Annotation:The project is based on identification of discontinuities in geographical thought in the world and their reception in geographical thought in Slovakia. Reflecting on the development of geographic thought in the world, Slovak geography has evolved into a multi-paradigmatic form. The main objective of the project will be to investigate the relationships between coexisting paradigms represented by paradigmatic communities) and the factors that condition them. The fundamental issue is the nature of the inter-paradigmatic relationship constellation along the axis: competitive - indifferent - cooperative. The main interest will be focused on the research of existing cooperation of paradigms in solving research problems in Slovak geography and on the analysis of objective and subjective dimension of barriers / obstacles of inter-paradigmatic cooperation. The possibilities for productive interference of paradigmatic perspectives in Slovak geography will be evaluated.
Duration: 1.1.2021 - 31.12.2023

The total number of projects: 10