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Geografický časopis

Volume 52, 2000, No. 1


  K vývoju kvantitatívnej a teoretickej geografie
Ján Paulov 1)

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1)Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, PríF UK, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.

quantitative geography, theoretical geography, development of geographical thought

This paper is aimed at providing basic idea of development of quantitative and theoretical geography since fifties up to present times. The development is described separately in both quantitative and theoretical geography though both disciplines are closely connected.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 3-14.

  Interregionálne migrácie na Slovensku: niekoľko testov priestorovo-interakčných modelov
Anton Bezák 1)

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1)Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Prírodovedecká fakulta UK, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava.

spatial interaction models, calibrating and testing, performance level, interregional migration flows, propensity to migrate over distance, Slovakia

In this paper observed migration flows between administrative districts in Slovakia during the 1984-1995 period are used to test a set of 13 alternative spatial interactions models. The results obtained indicate that the doubly constrained spatial interaction models with the power or Tanner distance functions provide the best reproduction of observed flows, but the overall performance level of all the models tested is not satisfactory. In order to improve the overall model fit, the doubly constrained spatial interaction model with zone-specific distance decay parameters is examined in some detail. Both origin- and destination-specific parameter versions of the model are calibrated and the spatial variation in the propensity to migrate over distance is analysed. It is shown that the variation is very little in space and stable in time.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 15-32.

  Sociální geografie: hledání předmětu studia
Martin Hampl 1)

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1)Univerzita Karlova, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedre sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Česká republika.

subject of human geography, repeatability of geographic differentiation, hierarchic principles

In the course of recent five decades three quite different conceptions of human geography consecutively replaced each other: idiographic conception stressingregional synthesis was replaced by spatial science of nomothetic type which in turn was replaced by "purely social" critical science. It seems that heterogeneity of the social-geographic reality and the corresponding determining factors are exceptional to the such an extent that an adequate approach to their study has not been yet found. Complexity of reality is also fostered by unusual type of regularity or repeatability of geographic phenomena: settlements, regions, etc. are different in size but the form of their differentiation is regular, it can be defined as hierarchic in terms of asymmetric relation between frequency and size of geographic phenomena (many minimums - few maximums).

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 33-40.

  Aktuálne smery výskumu v demogeografii
Jozef Mládek 1)

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1)Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Pedagogická fakulta, Katedra geografie, Jeronýmova 200/10, 371 15 České Budějovice.

reproduction of population, demographic transition, demographic ageing, natural increase, method and techniques of research

In the development of population new characteristic features appear which have to be included into the research and scientific programs. The research subject is up-dated also due to the development of the proper science - demogeography, its methods and techniques. The contribution outlines the trend of demogeographic research in the field of natural increase, migration of population, socio-pathological phenomena, population theories, and research methods and techniques.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 41-50.

  Vývoj rozmiestnenia bytového fondu na území Bratislavy, zákonitosti a osobitosti tohto procesu
Pavol Korec 1), Eva Smatanová 2)

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2)Prírodovedecká fakulta Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave, Katedra humánnejj geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.

housing estates, residential areas, flat construction, flat pool, intensification, functional-spatial structure

The paper evaluates spatial development of construction of residential areas in Bratislava after 1946. Important part of the study is exposition of main factors, which influenced spatial development. The period after 1946 is divided into three stages from the viewpoint of the evaluated phenomenon. The first is represented by the years 1946-1968, the second covers the years 1969-1989 and the third is the development after 1989. These three stages difer from each other by number of constructed flats and the basic principles of spatial distribution of the residential areas. The study points at the specific features of spatial development of flat construction in Bratislava.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 51-65.

  Česká republika v období fázového přechodu
Petr Chalupa 1)

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1)Vysoká škola politechnická v Jihlavě, Katedra cestovního ruchu, Tolstého 16, 586 01, Česká republika.

phased transition, industrial society, post-industrial society, globalisation

Economic situation of the Czech Republic in the 90's is analysed in terms of development before the origin of Czechoslovakia in the years 1918-1989. Analysis is the salient point for prediction of initial period after 2000 and a summary o fthe prerequisites necessary for the phased transition of the contemporary industrial society tto advanced post-industrial stage. The conculsion is that the contenporaryeconomic situation including the accompanying phenomena and the ensuing influence on social climate do not create optimal conditions fer matching the developmental trends of future century.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 67-76.

  Globalizace a její vliv na rozvoj Brna
Antonín Vaishar 1)

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1)Ústav geoniky AV ČR, v.v.i. Ostrava, pobočka Brno, Drobného 28, 602 00 Brno, Česká republika.

globalization, Brno, urban functions, regional identity

Problem of globalization, its geographical aspects and consequences for the city of Brno is analyzed in the paper. Main functions of the town and their significance for its position as well as strong and weak aspects within the globalization peocess are in the center of attention. The question of local and regional identity in the globalization peocess is discussed.

Geografický časopis. Volume 52, 2000, No. 1: 77-87.