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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 40, 2008, No. 4

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recenzia:

 
  Divinský, Boris: Migračné súvislosti slovenského trh práce: nastal čas pre komplexné riešenia
Branislav Bleha

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 364-368.

 
  Tomek, Václav - Slačálek, Ondřej: Anarchizmus (sloboda proti moci)
Ladislav Jakóczy

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 368-372.

 
  Dahrendorf, Ralf: Hledání nového řádu. Přednášky o politice svobody v 21. století
Marek Loužek

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 372-375.

 
  Budilová, Lenka - Jakoubek, Marek (eds.): Cikánská rodina a příbuzenství
Michal Svoboda

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 375-380.

 
  Čambáliková, Monika - Sedová, Tatiana (eds.): Exklúzia a sociálna situácia na Slovensku
Silvia Dončevová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 380-388.

 
 

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  Ryby vz. národná identita: Konštruktivistický pohľad na vzťah Islandu a Európskej únie
Matúš Mišík

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Iceland; constructivism; European Union; rational choice neoinstitutionalism; fisheries; democratic traditions; norms; elites

Fish vs. National Identity: Iceland and the EU from Constructivist Point of View. In this article is author looking for alternative explanation, why is Iceland still not a member of the European Union. He argues that traditional arguments like dependency on fish export or economic reasons in general are no more valid and cannot fully explain Icelandic reluctance towards the EU. Iceland has changed and so did European Union. Export (and therefore also importance) of fish, as the main constraint on the way towards membership, decreased, but reluctance stayed the same. Therefore author assumes that we have to examine also other factors, for instance traditions, norms, values or elites to get the whole picture. Author is using two theoretical approaches to support his assumptions. He claims that rational choice neoinstitutionalism is a useful theory, but it is also convenient to use constructivist approach, which can explain also phenomena like traditions, norms, values etc. Author is applying these two approaches on the case of Iceland. He finds support for his hypothesis that there are other reasons for Iceland for not taking part in integration into the European Union and those reasons can be explained in constructivist terms. This article has three parts, in first theoretical approaches are examined and in second author is showing, why traditional arguments cannot fully explain Icelandic reluctance towards the EU. Third part examines constructivist arguments and also offers several implications. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 4: 299-325)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 299-325.

 
  Občianska organizovanosť osôb so zdravotným postihnutím a sociálny kapitál
Kvetoslava Repková

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Social capital; bridging social capital; bonding social capital; participatory democracy; right to associate; civic associations

Civic Organizing of Persons with Disability and Social Capital. Presented study deals with the issue of civic organizing of persons with disability (including their supporters, family members or volunteers) considered to be one of the primary indicators for measuring social capital. Author defines social relevance of the chosen topic in the introductory part. After that, selected characteristics of social capital as a sociological category are presented in order to apply them for analysing and interpretation of findings regarding the development of civic associations' membership within this area as well as the factors influencing this development. Author's findings are supplemented by research results of other authors that were focused on eliciting views of the disabled on citizens associations' efficiency in decision-making about public matters regarding the issue of the disability at the self-government level. Author focuses on bridging and binding effects of social capital generated in activities of civic associations of persons with disability, with ambiguous effect of the scope of civic associations, with the efficiency of the self-governing politics in this field, with possible causes of high fragmentation of the civic sector as well as with new challenges resulting from the information and communication technology development. In conclusion, author emphasises that this study is one of the first attempts to use the interpretative potential of social capital for analysing this social-political field. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 4: 326-346)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 326-346.

 
  Občianska spoločnosť, sociálne hnutia, mobilizácia a protesty na Slovensku
Darina Malová

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Civil society; movements; protests; identity; mobilisation

Civil Society, Social Movements, Mobilisation and Protest in Slovakia This study examines the emergence of two social movements as an integral part of revival of civil society in Slovakia. It analyzes patterns of mobilization and protests of “Slovak National Movement” (SNM) and the „Democratic and European Movement“ (DEM), based on the civic campaign in 1998. SNM relates to the set of organized groups loosely linked with the national agenda at the beginning of 1990s’ in Slovakia. It argues that both movements are genuine parts of civil society in Slovakia, analytically defined as the realm of organized public sphere that is voluntary, largely self-supporting, autonomous from the state, politics and private sphere and bound by a legal order or set of shared rules. The article defines conditions under which social movements can emerged during transition to democracy. It analyzes “civil society in action” and aims to discuss the patterns of successful mobilization. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 4: 347-363)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 4: 347-363.