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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 40, 2008, No. 3

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Klobucký, Robert: The Hlasism Movement: Nation and Sociology. The Beginnings of Sociological Thought in Slovakia
Ľudovít Turčan

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 278-282.

 
  Lajčiak, Ján: Slovakia and Culture
Ľudovít Turčan

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 283-286.

 
  Bútorová, Zora (ed.): Here and Now: Probes into the Lives of Women 45+
Sylvia Porubänová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 286-288.

 
  Šubrt, Jiří (ed.): Talcott Parsons and His Contribution to Contemporary Sociological Theory
Dilbar Alijevova

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 289-296.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  The Migration of Researchers from Central Europe during the Transition Period
Josef Bernard

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Brain drain; brain waste; researcher migration; highly qualified migrants; Central Europe; USA

The Migration of Researchers from Central Europe during the Transition Period. The article deals with the analysis of specifics of researcher emigration from post-socialist Central European countries to the USA in the context of the discussion on different approaches to the “brain drain” phenomenon and its forms. The extent and structure of researcher migration from Central European countries to the USA are compared to migration from Western European countries using several data sets. The findings show among others that the intensity of researcher migration from Central European countries to the USA was higher than from Western European countries in the early 1990s but it decreased significantly afterwards. Brain waste of highly qualified migrants from Central Europe persists. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 3: 191-214)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 191-214.

 
  Rapid Adaptation to Social Change in Central Europe: Changes in Locus of Control, Attribution, Subjective Well-Being, Self-Direction, and Trust
Michael E. W. Varnum

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Central Europe; cultural change; attribution; locus of control; subjective well-being

Rapid Adaptation to Social Change in Central Europe: Changes in Locus of Control, Attribution, Subjective Well-Being, Self-Direction, and Trust. This paper reviews research examining the impact of political and economic transition in post-communist Central European countries on social psychological processes. While other aspects of democratization in Central Europe have been well documented, only recently have social psychologists turned their attention to this event. Since the collapse of communism, Central Europeans have a more internal sense of control and make more dispositional attributions for others’ behaviour. After initial declines in subjective well-being during the first decade of the post-communist period, Central Europeans now have higher levels of well-being then they did at the beginning of the post-communist period. Central Europeans have also become more self-directed and have higher levels of general trust since the end of communism. Taken together these findings suggest that Central Europeans are unique in how quickly and successfully they have adapted to the rapid and massive institutional, political, economic, and social changes that accompanied democratization. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No. 3: 215-235)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 215-235.

 
  Educational Assortative Mating in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary between 1976 and 2003
Tomáš Katrňák

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Marriage; education; assortative mating; homogamy; Czech republic; Slovakia; Hungary; log-linear models

Educational Assortative Mating in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary between 1976 and 2003. The paper deals with educational homogamy over years within the last quarter of the 20th century in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. All the marriages entered into in these countries between 1976 and 2003 (in three-year periods) are analyzed and the temporal and spatial variation of educational homogamy is explored. Log-linear and log-multiplicative models are used. The major aim of the paper is to answer the question on how educational homogamy developed in post-socialist countries before 1989 as well as following it and how individual post-socialist countries differ among themselves on the basis of these developments. Results show that in terms of spatial variation both in 1976 and in 2003 relative educational homogamy was the lowest in the Czech Republic, it was somewhat higher in Hungary and the highest in Slovakia. In terms of temporal variation in all three countries one can observe the same development which has the shape of “U”. From 1976 to the beginning of the 1990s educational homogamy was on the decrease, during the first half of the 1990s it reached its minimum and from the second half of the 1990s it strengthened either rapidly (in the Czech Republic and Slovakia) or only gradually (in the case of Hungary). In all the countries under study the development of educational homogamy also involved the transformation of the pattern of educational assortative mating which, however, is not the same in all the countries. Sociológia2008, Vol. 40 (No. 3: 236-257)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 236-257.

 
  Serbs and Ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina: Ethnic Conflict Placed within a Framework beyond Groupism
Vassilis Petsinis

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Ethnic groups; ethnicity; nationalism; Serbia; Vojvodina; Serbs; Hungarians

Serbs and Ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina: Ethnic Conflict Placed within a Framework beyond Groupism. What will be discussed in this article is the pattern of ethnic relations in the Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina, with a special focus on the relations between ethnic Hungarians and the Serbian majority. Particular attention will be paid to the political engineering of ethnicity, at the elite level, and ethnic relations from a grass-roots perspective. What will be demonstrated is that instead of focusing on internally homogeneous and externally demarcated ethnic groups, the function of ethnicity in Vojvodina can be understood in terms of a continuous process orchestrated by interest groups. The ultimate aim of these interest groups, or organizations, is to forge an overriding sense of group cohesion among the Serbian majority as well as the ethnic Hungarian community. The impact of this process on ethnic relations is always subject to the persistence of a trans-ethnic substratum that manifests itself in the form of Vojvodinian regional identity. Sociológia 2008, Vol. 40 (No 3: 258-277)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 40, 2008, No. 3: 258-277.