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Geografický časopis


Volume 59, 2007, No. 4

Content:


  Selected determinants of regional differentiation of life expectancy at birth in Slovakia
Anton Michálek 1), Peter Podolák 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogami@savba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. podolak@savba.sk


life expectancy at birth, mortality, population of Slovakia, regional differentiation

From the demographic point of view, Slovakia is a European country with a relatively young population. The process of population ageing has already begun in Slovakia as well. Although under the influence of different factors the acceleration of population ageing in Slovakia is evident, life expectancy at birth is growing only slowly. Retrospective analysis of life expectancy at birth data showed unfavourable development during the past regime and present backwardness in comparison with economically developed countries. In comparison with the healthiest European populations Slovakia is characterized by significantly lower values of life expectancy at birth, particularly of men. The goal of the paper is to identify some of the main possible reasons for this situation and to outline probable influence and nature of the most important factors. From many social influences of a different kind mainly the level of education, quality of housing and economic inequalities are examined in relation to regional differences in life expectancy at birth. The paper also deals with the main characteristics and possible reasons of regional differentiation of this situation, that shows significantly different values in different regions of the country.

Geografický časopis. Volume 59, 2007, No. 4: 305-322.

 
  Ako zlepšiť kvalitu geografie: o dôležitosti kvalitatívneho výskumu v humánnej geografii
Alena Rochovská 1), Matej Blažek 2), Martin Sokol 3)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava. rochovska@fns. uniba.sk
2)School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, NEI 7RU, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. matej.blazek@newcastle.ac.uk
3)Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, E1 4NS, UK. m.sokol@qmul.ac.uk


qualitative research methodology, methods, geography, subjectivity, ethics

This article aims to highlight the importance of qualitative methods in geographical research. It argues that qualitative methods offer important opportunities for improving research in human geography. For this reason, qualitative approaches have received much attention in Western geographical theory and practice. This is demonstrated through the examination of a series of paradigmatic shifts and illustrated with examples from geographical practice. While acknowledging that qualitative research is not without its problems, the article argues that Slovak geography has a lot to gain from embracing qualitative research much more fully. With this aim in mind, the article offers a description of selected qualitative methods including interviews, focus groups, action research, case studies, observation and the analysis of textual and visual material. In addition to this, we also discuss the use of these methods in various geographical research contexts using recent examples from Western geographical practice. While in the paper we emphasize the importance of qualitative research approaches, we also discuss the problems of qualitative data collection/construction, the issue of subjectivity and the challenges related to the ethics of qualitative research.

Geografický časopis. Volume 59, 2007, No. 4: 323-358.

 
  Zmeny krajinnej pokrývky okolia Štrbského plesa po veternej kalamite v novembri 2004
Vladimír Falťan 1), Martin Saksa 2)

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1)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia. vladimir.faltan@fns.uniba.sk
2)Výskumný ústav pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy, Gagarinova 10, 827 13 Bratislava. saksa@vupu.sk


land cover changes, Štrbské pleso, the Tatra National Park, windblown forest, CORINE Land Cover

The whirlwind of 19 November 2004 changed the environment of the impacted area for a long time. It caused great damage mainly to the forest of the Tatra National Park and the surrounding communes. The aim of this paper is to assess the changes of land cover in the environs of the Štrbské pleso lake using the CORINE Land Cover method. The research is based on interpretation of the remote sensing data and field research. The Geographical Information Systems were used for compilation of maps and presentation of data. The obtained data will be used in the process of evaluating the changes of the landscape in the stricken area. The evaluation of land cover changes provides important information for integrated environmental impact assessment and territorial planning.

Geografický časopis. Volume 59, 2007, No. 4: 359-372.

 
  Regionálna typológia územia Bratislavy na základe dostupnosti supermarketov a hypermarketov
František Križan 1)

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1) Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave,Prírodovedecká fakulta Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. krizan@fns.uniba.sk


regional types, accessibility, Bratislava, supermarket, hypermarket

The aim of the paper is a regional typology of Bratislava on the basis of an accessibility measure of supermarkets and hypermarkets. The objects of research were 131 urban districts as initial nodes and 59 facilities as final nodes. Accessibility was measured by eight different measures. The creation of regional types utilized hierarchical agglomeration methods. The results show a differentiation of Bratislava into regional types and identification of comparative accessibility for urban districts in the city.

Geografický časopis. Volume 59, 2007, No. 4: 373-386.