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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 39, 2007, No. 5

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Šubrt, Jiří (ed.): Talcott Parsons a jeho přínos soudobé sociologické teorii
Dilbar Alijevova

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 459-469.

 
  Tížik, Miroslav: K sociológii novej religiozity
Oľga Gyárfášová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 469-473.

 
  Filadelfiová, Jarmila - Bútorová, Zora (ed.): Ženy, muži a vek v štatistikách trhu práce
Daniel Gerbery

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 473-476.

 
  Jacyno, Małgorzata: Kultura indywidualizmu
Mária Suríková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 476-480.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Princíp aktivácie v sociálnej politike a jeho vzťah k zmierňovaniu chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia
Daniel Gerbery

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Active social policy; poverty; social assistance; workfare; active labour market policy

Principle of Activation in Social Policy and its Relation to Alleviation of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The paper focuses on activation bias of current social policies and its relation to alleviation of poverty and social exclusion. Activation is viewed as a policy paradigm that changes relationship between the welfare state and individuals. Author distinguishes between narrow and broader understandings of the activation approach. In the broader sense, the activation aims at raising opportunities to fully-fledged social participation in all domains of society. In the narrow sense, the activation is only related to labour market participation and decreasing of unemployment. Author analyses three forms of activation that are important in order to reduce poverty and social exclusion: workfare strategies embodied in the social assistance systems, changes of key parameters of tax-benefit systems, and last but not least active labour market policies. Author pays attention to their potential to activate poor people and their consequences both for target groups and social policy. The focus is also on political discourses and assumptions which determine implementation of these programmes. Finally, the paper deals with activation potential of Slovak social policy and suggests some principles how to evaluate it.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 383-408.

 
  Sociológia v novom priestore: sociologický pohľad na finančné trhy
Roman Hofreiter

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Economic sociology; financial markets; theory of performativity; embeddedness of economic activity

Sociology in the New Area: Sociological View of the Financial Markets. The main aim of the article is to introduce a contemporary sociological interpretation of financial markets. Financial markets became the subject of sociological analysis due to their increasing importance for the economy as well as a consequence of significant changes that are linked with their quick growth. One result of these changes is growing influence of institutions of collective investment leading to the transformation of management’s responsibility, processes of financial collectivization and creation of a new, invisible source of power. One of the analytical tools to examine the nature and dynamics of these changes is Michel Foucault’s conception of formation of disciplinary society. The article also pays attention to some of the factors that participate in financial markets functioning but are not sufficiently reflected in the sociological research such as the social and political impact of economics and significance of social networks.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 409-431.

 
  Priestorové aspekty chudoby a sociálneho vylúčenia
Roman Džambazovič

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Poverty; social exclusion; spatial aspects of poverty; regional and intercommunity disparity; social-spatial marginality; residential segregation; ghetto; community; neighbourhood effect; area effect

Spatial Aspects of Poverty and Social Exclusion. The interest of the Slovak sociology in dealing with poverty and social exclusion has been rising steadily. Although the spatial aspect of poverty and social exclusion is one of the essential problems, the interest in it is only marginal. This study is trying to trace various spatial levels the poverty problem is connected with. It follows these aspects: 1. interregional disparity concentrating on social-spatial marginal regions; 2. intercommunity disparity; 3. local disparity. Within each level the author presents recent theoretical and indicative referential frames filling them with analysis of the data accessible in the Slovak Republic. The growth of social differentiation after 1989 goes hand in hand with spatial disparity. Interregional and interlocal disparities intensify; the most affected being social-spatial marginalized regions, smaller villages and spatial (also social) segregated communities, poor neighbourhoods in towns and villages. The study also analyses an extreme example of spatial disparity of segregated Roma settlements and warns of possible community and neighbourhood effect on intergenerational poverty transfer.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 5: 432-458.