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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 39, 2007, No. 3

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Lysý, Jozef: Between Analysis of Discourse and History of Ideas. History of Political Thought Volume I: The Ancient Near East, Greece, Rome, China, India and Islam
Tatiana Sedová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 272-273.

 
  Petrusek, Miloslav: Societies of the Late Modern Age
Ivan Chorvát

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 274-277.

 
  Kvasničková, Adela: Religion as a Collective Memory: The Case of Slovakia and the Czech Republic
Ľudovít Turčan

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 277-280.

 
  Jeřábek, Hynek: Paul Felix Lazarsfeld´s Research Methodology. Biography. Methods. Famous Projects.
Eva Laiferová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 281-284.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Gender Equality: The New Agenda of the „old“ Social Partners?
Monika Čambáliková

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Social partners; collective agreements; collective bargaining; reconciliation between work and private (family) life; equal opportunities for men and women; company and sectoral levels; measures

Gender Equality: The New Agenda of the „old“ Social Partners? The research focused on analysing the content of gender mainstreaming in collective agreements at company and sectoral levels, in the activities (especially collective bargaining) of social partners – particularly the trade unions – in the surveyed companies or sectors. The contents of relevant collective agreements (company and sectoral collective agreements) were analysed, and semi-standardized interviews were conducted with the respective collective bargainers in the Slovak Republic (SR). The research shows that social partners in SR, especially unions, rank themselves among the leading partners in the processes, and are aware of their specific role and function in those processes. They have been acting in the area of principles and practices concerning reconciliation between work and private (family) life for a long time and at a standard European level. They included the agenda of equal opportunities in their objectives and principles. Now they are learning how to effectively include the agenda in their day-to-day activities, especially the life of their company's employees. The surveyed Slovak collective agreements are, in principle gender neutral (in the formulations as well as in the content). They generally go beyond the framework of the law in providing more rights and advantages for the employees. In general, the surveyed collective agreements established more specific instruments and measures for reconciliation between work and family (private) life than for implementation of equal opportunities for men and women. Instruments and measures aimed at reconciliation between work and family are connected especially with the use of the social fund of the enterprise and guarantee to the employees more paid free days (for e.g. caring for sick family member, wedding or funeral in the family, accompanying child to school on child's first school day) than provided under the Labour Code, application of the flexible working time and organising of various cultural, sport, leisure and recreational activities for families of the employees.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 191-213.

 
  Gender segregation in the labour market placed in the context of educational segregation: cross-national comparison
Marie Valentová, Iva Šmídová, Tomáš Katrňák

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Gendered social structure; occupational gender segregation; educational segregation; gender analysis; cross-national comparison

Gender Segregation in the Labour Market Placed in the Context of Educational Segregation: Cross-National Comparison. The position of women in the labour market may be analysed in many possible ways. In general, we can distinguish between two main approaches. The first one brings into focus the access to the labour market and works with indicators such as labour market participation, employment rates, unemployment rates, inactivity rates, duration of employment etc. The second approach deals with the issue of quality of labour market participation, which includes problems like occupational gender segregation, gender gap and labour market discrimination. This article focuses on the latter approach, in particular on the occupational gender segregation in relation to the gender segregation in education. The theory of human capital suggests that the increasing level of qualification, talents and productive skills of women acquired in the educational system, training and experience at work, should have a positive impact on quality of women‘s position in the labour market and enhance gender equality. Given the increasing educational attainment of women over the past decades, one would assume that their position in the labour market, including the gender segregation in occupational categories, has improved as well. However, the results of current research prove that despite all the changes and progress made with respect to the level of education of women, the level of occupational segregation tends to remain relatively stable over time. Thus, the increasing level of education does not seem to have a very strong impact on the overall level of gender segregation in occupations. One of the possible explanations may be the fact that women and men tend to choose different fields of study which predetermine their participation in particular categories of occupational structure to a larger extent than their level of education. Men are still over-represented in different fields of education than women and this tendency seems to persist even in the countries where a campaign has been led for the promotion of democratic and non-discriminatory practices in the system of education. The main aims of this article are: 1) to conduct a cross-national comparison of levels of occupational gender segregation and 2) to examine the relation between the level of occupational gender segregation and gender segregation in education (both vertical and horizontal). The analyses include 18 European countries covered by the European Social Survey (ESS) conducted in 2004. The comparison pays a special attention to differences and similarities between the EU-15 countries and the new EU member states, i.e. post-socialist countries.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 214-244.

 
  Talking about Cooperation: Continuity and Change in a Rural Community in Slovakia
Sofie Joosse

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Cooperation; post-communism; change; ideas; ideational bricolage; Slovakia; rural; community.

Talking about Cooperation: Continuity and Change in a Rural Community in Slovakia. Post-communist studies have interpreted and analysed the political transformation in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC’s), and its consequences for social life in different ways. In general, two approaches can be distinguished: a continuous and a discontinuous approach. This paper instead advances an ideational approach, which considers ideas to have a central mediating role in processes of transformation. The central question of this paper is if and how ideas, originating in communist times, continue to have relevance for everyday life in CEEC’s. Using examples from a study on the interpretation of cooperation in a Slovak rural community, this paper shows that people evaluate and explain past and present-day cooperation as bricoleurs, re-using ideas originating in communist times. The concept of ideational bricolage shows that ideas are used dynamically: people actively reproduce, redefine and reconstruct old ideas in a new context.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 245-258.

 
  Perception of Equality between Men and Women in Slovakia
Miloslav Bahna, Erika Kvapilová

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Gender equality; public opinion; gender pay gap; gender mainstreaming; labour market inequalities; un-equality perception

Perception of Equality between Men and Women in Slovakia. The paper deals with the topic of gender equality perception in Slovakia. As an EU member since May 2004, Slovakia has introduced many anti discriminatory measures as a part of the accession process. An important part in the evaluation of the success rate of such measures is the collection of gender sensitive data. This study works with such data collected by a project supported by the EQUAL initiative. A comparison of public opinion perception of gender based inequalities in the Slovak labour market between 2002 and 2006 shows a relatively stable picture although some shifts towards the more “household work doing men” and a dual career family can be observed. Even though the feeling that women assert their rights more is stronger then in 2002 some paradoxes do exist. Contrary to the EU average the public opinion in Slovakia sees the NGOs and the EU as the combatants of the discrimination rather than the national governments or the parliament. The article concludes with an appeal for collecting of sex segregated data and gender statistics as it sees them being essential for social theory building as well as for better social policy decisions.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 39, 2007, No. 3: 259-271.