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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 38, 2006, No. 5

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  Foucault, M.: Je třeba bránit společnost
Tatiana Sedová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 472-474.

 
  Křížková, A. – Maříková, H. – Uhde, Z. (eds.): Sexualizovaná realita pracovních vztahů, analýza sexuálního obtěžování v České republice
Miloslav Bahna

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 474-477.

 
  Katrňák, Tomáš: Třídní analýza a sociální mobilta
Bohumil Búzik

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 477-480.

 
 

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  Paralelné svety sociologických teórií
Dilbar Alijevova

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Sociological theory; postmodern social theory; functionalism; marxism; J. Baudrillard; M. Maffesoli; J. Alexander; M. Castells

Parallel Worlds of the Sociological Theory. The article is devoted to the co-existence of such different contemporary sociological approaches as the post-modern social theory and the mainstream sociology, represented by functionalism. Their thematic and conceptual differences are so significant that the metaphor of the parallel worlds of sociological theory seems to be adequate to describe the present situation. The analysis focuses on the late works of J. Baudrillard as the most important representative of post-modern social theory. Baudrillard declares that the social is dead because the key social factors like class and ethnic differences have disappeared with the creation of an undifferentiated mass. This declaration leads Baudrillard towards creating a new way of sociologizing and a new sociological vocabulary, which sharply contrasts with the concepts of the mainstream sociology. The masses for him are a non-social category – a „silent majority“, a „black hole“ that absorbs all social characteristics of the system. It is their fatal strategies that are so crucial for the fate of the social world. The similar position in this respect is typical for another eminent French post-modern theorist M. Maffesoli. For him, the masses have lost their political and economical characteristics – they are not anymore the subject of the world history. Naturally, such „antisocial theory“ make the post-modern sociology unacceptable for the most mainstream sociologists in their research and theorizing. They live in their own sociological universe that had been created during the long sociological tradition. The core conception of mainstream sociology is represented by structural-functionalism, which has been recently revived in the works of neo-functionalists (J. Alexander, P. Colomy, S. N. Eisenstadt, F. Lechner, R. Munch). Functionalism survives not only in the sociological theory but also in the „practical sociological reasoning“. It presents the sociological theory that is parallel to the post-modern social theory. The third parallel structure in contemporary sociology is presented by Marxist social theory. It has also survived in the works of the eminent modern (A. Giddens, P. Bourdieu) and post-modern (J. Baudrillard, M. Maffesoli, F. Jameson) sociologists. An outstanding example of the “latent Marxism” in recent years is the conception of the informational society by M. Castells. In comparison with the functionalism that embodies the consensual thinking, the Marxism presents a conflict-oriented critical position which makes it a popular ideology in contemporary globalizing world. The pessimistic image of the disintegrated sociological world composed of its parallel theories is not true. Each of these parallel sociological theories fulfils its special function in the contemporary sociological research. They present the complementary, not competitive, positions in sociology and contribute to the sociology as the complex system of theory and research.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5

 
  Je pre imigranta etnický hospodársky systém lepšou alternatívou ako segmentovaný trh práce?
Ángeles Arjona Garrido, Juan Carlos Checa Olmos, Francisco Checa y Olmos

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Ethnic economy; segmented labour market; immigrants; ethnic discrimination

Is the Ethnic Economic System a Better Alternative for Immigrants as the Segmented Labour Market? Article analyses integration process of immigrants coming from non-member states of the EU into the labour market in the Spanish province of Almeria. A main characteristic of the labour market the immigrants enter into is its segmentation. The immigrants are engaged in labour that is regarded by the majority society as less valuable due to its precariousness, temporary character, and low wages. Some of the immigrants make attempts to avoid the segmented labour market by starting their own business. Thus, they create an ethnic economic system wherein employers as well as employees speak their mother tongue, come from the same ethnic group, and whose products are designated for their own ethnic community. The ethnic economy combines some of the features of both primary and secondary labour markets. It appears to become an alternative for only those immigrants who have an opportunity to start or to manage entrepreneurial activities.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 399-414.

 
  Slovenský archív sociálnych dát SASD – možnosti infraštruktúry pre výskum v sociálnych vedách
Miroslav Tížik, Miloslav Bahna

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data archiving; social sciences data archiving; data archives; cross-national research; Slovak Archive of Social Data; SASD

Slovak Archive of Social Data SASD – Infrastructural Resources for Research in Social Sciences. The paper deals with the topic of data archiving in the social sciences. It illustrates the positive influence of archiving on the methodological standards and innovation of research, which is based on knowledge gained from previously carried out research. The study proceeds with the history of the world-wide social sciences archive infrastructure and presents the Slovak Archive of Social Data (SASD, http:// sasd.fphil.uniba.sk or http:// sasd.sav.sk). It further analyses the importance of data archiving for the participation in cross-national comparative surveys and points to the possibilities that archiving infrastructure offers when solving methodological issues in cross-country research. The conclusion outlines the further development of the Slovak Archive of Social Data – expansion of the archive and the cataloguing of existing research where it appeals to a culture of data sharing.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 415-453.

 
  Riešenie vybraných rizík občanov systémom spolupráce súkromného a verejného poistenia
Eva Rievajová, Erika Pastoráková

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Private insurance; public insurance; pension insurance; insured risk; principles of insurance; competition; examples of cooperation of private and public insurance.

Solving Selected Civil Risks through Co-operation of Private and Public Insurance. All developed countries are facing serious demographical and economical trends, which include critically low birth rates, increasing costs of health care per capita and high frequency of natural disasters, other calamities or terrorist attacks. The above risks are connected with increased damage often not included in the insurance policy. It is questionable who should eventually bear such damages. The injured persons tend to expect compensation from insurance companies for the damage on assets or health notwithstanding the reason of the damage. These trends lead to reassessing of the current insurance systems and inventing of new solutions. One of the possibilities is closer co-operation of private (commercial or life) and public insurance. The article describes several aspects of such cooperation. At the beginning we highlighted some developments of private and public insurance, including the mutual elements and differences in the principles of the systems, resulting into examples of co-operation of private and public insurance with the respect of their specifics. Empirical findings have proved that the cooperation of public and private insurance can create positive effects by optimal combination of instruments. One of the most noticeable effects is competition leading to significant improvement of insurance services. Another positive effect is prevention and avoidance of excessive risks, which are managed better by private insurance companies. Co-operation of private and public insurance cannot be implemented in a general way. There are selected areas where positive effects are clear, but there are also areas where the impacts are questionable. Both private and public insurance have boarders limiting the possibilities of their cooperation. However, such co-operation seems to be solution for selected problems of the current society leading to increased safety feeling of citizens.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 5: 454-471.