Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 38, 2006, No. 4

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  F u k u y a m a, Francis: Veľký rozvrat. Ľudská prirodzenosť a opätovné nastolenie spoločenského poriadku
Bohumil Búzik

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 353-356.

 
  M a n s f e l d o v á, Zdenka – K r o u p a, Aleš: Participace a zájmové organizace v České republice
Monika Čambáliková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 357-360.

 
  K u n š t á t, Daniel (ed.): České veřejné mínění: výzkum a teoretické souvislosti
Milan Zeman

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 361-364.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Sociologický výskum antisemitizmu na Slovensku po roku 1989 v kritickej perspektíve
Michal Vašečka

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Antisemitism; qualitative and quantitative research; research methods; social distance; public opinion; de-judaized perspective; socio-psychological factors; critical analysis

Sociological Research of Antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989 in a Critical Perspective. Article critically analyses approaches that Slovak sociologists have been using in their analysis of antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989. The article describes quantitative methods used by Slovak sociologists and suggests need of a complex approach to research of antisemitism. Author argues that modern antisemitism is de-judaized, while Slovak researchers focus more on a research of prejudices and stereotypes toward Jews. The research of antisemitism in Slovakia is fully dominated by a Bogarduss scale of social distance while different relevant research methods are not used by Slovak experts. Moreover, in the process of interpretations of public opinion surveys experts do not take into account the so-called escaping answers of respondents and attempts to run away from answering sensitive questions. Socio-psychological research, reflecting authoritarian personality, anomy, alienation and ontological insecurity of common people as sources of anti-Semitism, is rather rare in Slovakia. Consequently, quantitative research of antisemitism in Slovakia can be evaluated as insufficient. De-judaized perspective of anti-Semitism and even of Jews themselves in a Sartre´s sense is remaining one of the greatest challenges for sociologists researching antisemitism in Slovakia.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 283-312.

 
  Limity a možnosti skúmania „národov“: od reálnych skupín ku kategóriám praxe
Andrej Findor

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nation; theories of nationalism; categories of practice; categories of analysis; ethnogenesis

Limits and Alternative Ways of Studying the „Nations“: From Real Groups to the Categories of Practice. Article briefly scrutinises dominant theories of nationalism and contemporary theoretical discussions, which challenge the traditional view of „nation“ as the category of analysis. Such theoretical challenges transcend the key questions of nationalism studies „What is the nation?“, „When did it come to existence?“ by approaching the „nations“ not as real groups but rather as categories of social practice, which are constructed and reproduced by various discursive formations – systems of representation. Historiographical concepts of ethnogenesis and „migrations of nations“ are used as examples of intellectual reification of „nation“ as real, historical group. „Nation“ is thus considered as powerful and pervasive category of practice yet rather weak and limited category of analysis.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 313-326.

 
  Hlasistická sociológia národa
Robert Klobucký

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Hlasists movement; modernization; history of Slovak sociology; nation; nationalism

Hlasists’ Sociology of Nation. The article deals with the liberal youth movement „Hlasisti“ (Hlasists), associated with and named after the journal „Hlas“, at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries. The movement emergence and ideas were markedly influenced by the Czech philosopher and sociologist Tomáš G. Masaryk. Under his influence, Hlasists declared their affiliation to positivism, rationalism, evolutionism and scientism. Hlasists primarily attempted to modernise and emancipate Slovak nation, which was under threat of assimilation in the Hungarian empire. Hlasists’ sociology fulfilled an instrumental function in Slovak national socio-political program. Hlasists sociological thought eclectically adopted sociological concepts developed by acclaimed foreign scholars, granting sociology the status of well-respected though not distinctively profiled scientific discipline. Hlasists sociology focused on social groups among which particular attention was paid to the nation and its formation. Hlasists adopted contemporary psychologising sociological concepts (later turning to voluntarist approach) in order to define on one hand Slovak nation against „the Others“ – Jewish and Hungarian nations, and on the other hand bringing closer together Slovak and Czech nations through highlighting their common features. Hlasists analysis of social structure of Slovak nation ascertained the inevitability to build a strong Slovak middle class. This could be accomplished through national economic development, which in Hlasists conception of agrarianism was to take place in Slovak countryside.

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 38, 2006, No. 4: 327-352.