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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 37, 2005, No. 4

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recenzia:

 
  Jan Keller: Dějiny klasické sociologie
Eva Laiferová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 373-379.

 
  Jadwiga Šanderová: Jak číst a psát odborný text ve společenských vědách
Adela Kvasničková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 379-381.

 
  Ábrahám, B. – Gereben, F. – Stekovics, R., (eds.): Nemzeti és regionális identitás Közép Európában (Národné a regionálne identity v strednej Európe)
Peter Káša

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 382-384.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Problematické dejiny demokratického občianstva
John Markoff

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Citizenship; democracy; inclusion

The Problematic History of Democratic Citizenship. Since the late eighteenth century, when the word „democrat“ became common, the meanings of „democracy“ have continued to change. To a large degree this has been a consequence of the actions of social movements that challenged not only current procedures but the boundaries of democratic citizenship. Democracy has always inspired people with the promise of inclusion, but has at the same time excluded others. Although the boundaries have changed, the existence of such boundaries has continued to galvanize movements for change. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 4: 307-322)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 307-322.

 
  Predstavovanie cností – príklad prezidentských bilbordov
Zuzana Kusá

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Identity; representations; textual and visual form; Goffman

Representations of Virtues: Examples of Presidential Billboards. The article explores self-representation as an interaction duty of potential interaction partner to suggest his or her trustworthiness (Goffman 1959). It analyses the process of representation of personal virtues on the example of actors of special sort – six the most successful candidates in the first round of the 2004 Slovakian presidential campaign – and in a special interaction space – on spacious billboards used in the campaign. Organization of the visual and textual ways of the representation of fiduciary virtues (Barber 1983, Luhmann 2000) is analysed with use of the conceptual framework in which the author tries to link the term of face-work and team-work (Goffman 1959, 1967), dialogical self (Bachtin 1988), multi-voice self (Hermans 1996), positioning (Davies & Harré 1990) and priming (Iyengar – Kinder 1987) to promote a dynamic perspective on self-presentation and to explore the textual and visual means/forms of self-representation. After introducing the analytical frame, the paper continues with the debating the problems of the self-presentation and articulating representative or ‘presidential’ virtues to a general public (Druckman 2004). The presidential billboard case study focuses especially on a) how the personal reliability is demonstrated, b) how virtues are objectified a c) how diverging candidate’ loyalties are managed. It is argued that the analysis of visual form of self-representation suggests more clearly that the self-representation is organized as the orchestration of numerous human and non-human voices, including a voice of silence. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 4: 323-350)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 323-350.

 
  Hodnotové orientace versus postoje: Kulturní transformace české společnosti na pozadí transformace ekonomické a politické
Helena Kubátová

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Value-orientations; attitudes; cultural transformation; structural functionalism; constructivist structuralism; cultural value pattern

Value-Orientations vs. Attitudes. Cultural Transformation of the Czech Society against the Background of Its Economic and Political Transformation. The article analyses the phenomena of integration and stability of the Czech society emerging from the heterogeneous processes of economic, political, and cultural transformations. The starting point of the analysis is two contradictory theories: the theory of value pattern originating from structural functionalism of Talcott Parsons, and the theory of interests and attitudes related to a position within social and power structure originating from the constructivist structuralism of Pierre Bourdieu. The main difference between the two theories is that, according to Parsons, value orientations come from a symbolic order and social action is integrated upon shared common values, while Bourdieu asserts that attitudes are determined by the interests and resources inherent in the position within an objective social space. The essential question of the paper is whether it is possible to identify a dominant cultural value pattern in the Czech society and whether it is relevant to apply the structural functionalism methodology to the case of contemporary Czech society. The article uses surveys of value orientations and social justice perceptions in the Czech Republic. Due to the unclarity of theoretical backgrounds of these surveys and the coexistence of three basic types of social relationships in the Czech society only hypothetical conclusions refering to the main question can be drawn. There is no dominant value pattern in the Czech society because life strategies, value orientations and a dominant ideology of justice are determined by a class and status position. It does not mean that the Czech society is individualised, on the contrary, it is a differentiated social structure that plays the major role in differentiating the attitudes of the Czech population. Hence, it would be relevant to apply the Bourdieu´s theory of social space to the study of value orientations and attitudes of the Czech population. Sociológia 2005, Vol. 37 (No. 4: 351-372)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 37, 2005, No. 4: 351-372.