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Geografický časopis


Volume 57, 2005, No. 1

Content:


  Koncentrácia a atribúty chudoby v Slovenskej republike na lokálnej úrovni
Anton Michálek

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concentration of poverty, indicators of poverty, multiple deprivation, centres and regions of poverty, features of poverty, Slovakia

The study is involved with observation of spatial differentiation concerning poverty at the local level, that is, in the communes of Slovakia. Attention is also given to its main characteristics which indicate where and which population groups are most stricken by poverty. Identification of centres and natural regions of poverty constitutes an important prerequisite for the search for solutions and drawing of programmes aimed at its elimination. In identification of poverty centres, the method of multiple deprivations was applied. The data, available for all communes of Slovakia, were drawn from the 2001 Population Census. On the basis of the obtained values of multiple deprivation, 419 poor communes were identified in the total 2,883 in Slovakia. Poverty in these communes is connected with many historic, natural, political, economic, social phenomena and processes. Generally, rural poverty, which affects children and the Roma minority, prevails. Poverty is also characterized by certain degree of feminization, it is closely linked to labour market (exclusion) or employment in the primary sector.

Geografický časopis. Volume 57, 2005, No. 1: 3-22.

 
  Living conditions and functional structure of rural communes in Poland
Konrad Czapiewski

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rural areas, functions of communes, infra-structural outfit, economic potential, living conditions, subjective assessments, Poland

The paper presents relations between living conditions in rural areas and functions of communes in Poland. The first part describes spatial diversification of the aforementioned characteristics as well as of the infra-structural outfit and economic potential defined by the WWZ index. The examined features stay in close mutual relation. The lowest values of the WWZ index appear in communes with domination or co-domination of agricultural functions, whereas the highest ones occur in areas with a great importance of various non-agricultural functions such as housing, industry, service or tourism. The other part focuses on rural inhabitants’ subjective assessments of changes of living conditions and their effects. The results of the survey, done in four intentionally chosen communes, are presented. A high unemployment rate and bad condition of roads were pointed out as the most important problems. Predominance of negative assessments of own financial status and living conditions is more significant in communes with bioproductive functions than in areas with a prevalence of services. Finally, directions of changes are suggested.

Geografický časopis. Volume 57, 2005, No. 1: 23-42.

 
  The theoretical grounds to regional analysis of atypical employment forms
Róbert Tésits

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non-standard employment, flexible forms, regional approach, regional differences, economic activity, unemployment

One purpose of this paper is to search the answers for the question whether the programmes elaborated for non-standard employment forms – in the mirror of scientific analyses – are capable for decreasing spatial differences of unemployment or not. The most important method of this critical review was the logical-chronological enumeration of the results of mainly sociological, economic and partly – because of the small number of researches – geographical papers. The logical analysis of the aims, methods and results of papers examining the content and features, the impedient and encouraging factors and the socioeconomic characteristics of non-standard forms were accomplished paralelly, completing it with critical opinions and attitudes on the system of advantages and disadvantages of these forms. It has become evident from the analysis of long-distance tendencies in the expansion of atypical forms in the EU and in the states with a 2004 accession date that the most paramount difference can be found in the stability of trends of development. In Hungary, initiatives in employment policy have had little effect on atypical employment. But in the future, because of growing competition and reducing payment disparity, though with regional differences, one can expect the expansion of flexible forms of employment.

Geografický časopis. Volume 57, 2005, No. 1: 43-55.

 
  Geomorfologická analýza neotektonických foriem
Ján Urbánek

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geomorphological analysis, geomorphological line, geomorphological grid, neotectonic line, neotectonic grid

In 1967 E. Mazúr pronounced the hypothesis that all surface forms in the West Carpathians result from young tectonic movements of prevailingly fault nature.This study is the follow-up of this hypothesis and suggests the ways to validate or falsify it. If the hypothesis on neotectonic origin of large forms is true, then the territory of the West Carpathians is crisscrossed by a network of faults that appear as geomorphologically relevant lines in the relief. The study outlines the method how to identify and analyse these lines and also proposes the basic hierarchy of spatial structures – geomorphological line, geomorphological grid, geomorphological mosaic, geomorphological block and geomorphological dome. The basic correlation between these geomorphological spatial structures and geological structures is also suggested.

Geografický časopis. Volume 57, 2005, No. 1: 57-70.

 
  Vplyv klimatickej zmeny na režim odtoku vo vybraných povodiach Slovenska
Robert Danihlík, Milan Trizna

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climate change, seasonal runoff distribution, climate change scenar-ios, hydrological scenarios

The study deals with the evaluation of the potential impact of a changed climate on the runoff regime in selected river basins in Slovakia. For the simulation of the runoff changes the monthly water balance model WatBal has been used. The model has been calibrated with data from the reference period 1951-1980. Consequently, based on climate change scenarios the possible changes in the distribution of the long-term mean monthly discharges within the year for the time horizons 2010, 2030 and 2075 were simulated. Two GCM scenarios of climate change CCCM and GISS were applied.

Geografický časopis. Volume 57, 2005, No. 1: 71-91.