Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review

Volume 49, 2017, No. 5




Alieva, Dilbar: Sociológia každodennosti .
(Alieva, Dilbar: Sociology of Everyday Life ).
Miroslav Tížik

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How to cite:
Tížik, M. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 588-594.

Repková, Kvetoslava: Sociálne služby. Podpora zmysluplnej každodennosti v ľudsko-právnej perspektíve..
(Repková, Kvetoslava: Social Services. Promoting a Meaningful Everyday Life from a Human Rights Perspective.).
Gabriela Lubelcová

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Lubelcová, G. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 594-596.



Sociální determinanty vysokých vzdělanostních očekávání rodičů.
(Social Determinants of High Parental Educational Expectations).
Lucie Hrubá

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Educational expectations; educational aspirations; parental expectations; status attainment theory; dilution hypothesis

The aim of this paper is to identify main factors explaining high parental educational expectations from their children. Unlike most studies, parental expectations are examined as an independent variable, rather than as a dependent variable. Data from the first wave of the Czech Household Panel Survey (2015) are analysed. Multilevel logistic regression confirms that parents' education and students' type of school attended are the strongest determinants of high parental educational expectations. The effects of socio-economic occupational status, cultural capital and marital status are also significant. The modelling results demonstrate gender differences in expectations – parents expect more from daughters than sons. However, number of children does not seem to have an impact on parental educational expectations.

How to cite:
Hrubá, L. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 463-481.

Mechanismy rozhodování o investičních záměrech a rozpočtech obcí.
(Decision-Making Mechanisms on Investment Aims and Budgets of Municipalities).
Radek Kopřiva, Jan Čopík, Jaroslav Čmejrek

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Decision-making; mayor; municipal council; work meetings of councils; municipal budget; investments

The article deals with areas of decision-making in local governments in the Czech Republic. It is specifically focused on proposing the agenda and decision-making mechanism. It asks the question of who comes up with an investment impulse, whether work meetings about investments are held before council meetings, and whether the size of the municipality is a determinant for an own decision-making mechanism. It turns out that the main actors in deciding on the key issues of municipalities are mayors. Their role is particularly important in smaller municipalities, while in big cities the range of actors involved in decision-making mechanisms is broader. Despite the fact that the management system of the local governments of Czech municipalities tends to be understood as collective, this may in practice not necessarily apply to small municipalities.

How to cite:
Kopřiva, R, Čopík, J, Čmejrek, J. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 482-506.

Za hranicou solidarity. Obhajovanie princípu dôstojnosti pre všetkých.
(Beyond Solidarity Boundaries. Defending the Principle of Dignity for All).
Zuzana Kusá

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Universal solidarity; dignity; Durkheim; Alexander; Joas; focus group; EVS; Roma; Slovakia

The article examines the place universal solidarity and ‘dignity for all’ principles have in common thinking about just society in situation of their long-term marginalisation in political discourse and discourse about living conditions of vulnerable groups in Slovakia. First it scrutinises sociological literature dealing with conditions for expanding and sustaining universal solidarity. Theoretical framework based on the ideas of Durkheim, Joas and Alexander about the role of cultivating emotions and cultural articulation of suffering in expansion of solidarity is used to identify the gaps in discursive resources that are necessary for advocating right to dignity for groups that tend to be morally excluded. Then it analyses the transcripts of 8 focus groups, the scenario of which replicates the EVS 2017 items testing universalistic solidarity as warranting basic living conditions for all and concern about living conditions of diverse social groups. The findings support the expectation that the missing discursive backing will threaten the advocacy of solidarity for vulnerable groups such as Roma and long-term unemployed. Advocates of universal solidarity were marginalised and universal solidarity rather pugnaciously refused for being in clash with meritocratic and reciprocity principles. A very existence of welfare system that supposedly privileges Roma to the detriment of underprivileged “white” majority was seen as distortion of principle of equality.

How to cite:
Kusá, Z. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 507-541.

Využití konceptu subkultur v sociologii sportu.
(The Concept of Subcultures in the Sociology of Sport).
Arnošt Svoboda

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Subcultures; sociology of sport; subcultural capital

The paper links two fields of research: subcultural studies and sociology of sport. The aim of the paper is two-fold. First, it presents the current state of research of subcultures with a brief historical outline and theoretical ground. Second, it outlines sporting subcultures together with the specific tool for exploring them – the subcultural capital. The nature of subcultural capital, which is based on authentic subcultural practices, suggests possible further extension of subcultural studies which are often limited to youth and lifestyle sport communities. Thus, it indicates on going relevance of the concept of subculture which is questioned in contemporary post-subcultural studies.

How to cite:
Svoboda, A. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 542-560.

Bezdetnosť – nový fenomén v životných dráhach žien na Slovensku.
(Childlessness – a New Phenomenon in the Life Courses of Women in Slovakia).
Branislav Šprocha, Anna Šťastná, Luděk Šídlo

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Childlessness; fertility; postponement; education; religion; ethnicity; Slovakia

Women in Slovakia and in other countries in Central and Eastern Europe whose reproduc¬tive years overlapped with the previous political regime rarely opted not to have children, and childlessness thus became a marginal phenomenon. This study provides a detailed recon¬struction of long-term childlessness trends among women in Slovakia. In addition, we focus on the changes in cohort fertility and especially in first births in connection to the future development of childlessness among women born in the late 1970s and the first half of the 1980s. A very important goal of this paper is to look more closely at a group of women who remain childless in a society where people married and had children at very early age and where becoming a mother was a general norm. Our analysis is based on the Population Censuses. Using the childlessness rate and binary logistical regression, we attempt to identify characteristics which determine whether women will remain childless or not. The main finding of this analysis is that Slovakia has experienced a U-shaped pattern in perma¬nent childlessness in cohorts between 1900 and 1970. The lowest level was observed among women born around 1940. Cohorts from the late 1960s and the early 1970s experienced rapid increases in childlessness. According to our estimations the childlessness level among women born in the first half of the 1980s may reach 18 – 20 %. A detailed analysis of the structural characteristics of the childless women showed family status and education to have a significant impact on the likelihood to remain childless. Likewise, certain differences in childlessness levels are also found in women by nationality, religion and their place of residence.

How to cite:
Šprocha, B, Šťastná, A, Šídlo, L. . Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review, 49(5), 561-587.