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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 49, 2017, No. 4

Content:


 

nekrológ:

 
  Zemřel Petr Matějů * 22. 7. 1950 – † 16. 6. 2017
Zdeněk R. Nešpor

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 451-453.

 
 

recenzia:

 
  Tížik, M. – Kmeť, N. (eds.): Príliš ľudská tvár socializmu? Reforma zdola a okolnosti reformného procesu v Československu roku 1968
Eva Laiferová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 454-460.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Autoritářské represivní strategie a volební soutěživost
Jaroslav Bílek

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Electoral authoritarianism; election; electoral competitiveness; hybrid regimes; Varieties of Democracy

Authoritarian Repressive Strategies and Electoral Competitiveness. Elections in electoral and competitive authoritarian regimes have recently gained a great deal of attention in comparative research. This paper offers an explanation of variation in degree of electoral competitiveness in electoral authoritarianism in post-communist Europe and Eurasia. Contrary to existing research which is focused mostly on variables related to the opposition, this study concentrates on seven authoritarian repressive strategies derived from previous research about elections in hybrid regimes. For that purpose, this study compares 67 cases of elections that were carried out between 1990 and 2014, employing regression analysis and qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) while engaging the new data on incumbent abuse from the Varieties of Democracy (V-DEM) project. The results highlight the importance of media censorship and legal exclusion of opposition. These findings are in a discrepancy with previous research as the two most influential repressive strategies which are usually mentioned with respect to electoral authoritarianism, i.e. economic statism and governmental control of electoral commitees, are proven as rather irrelevant in the post-communist's context. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 4: 343-368)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 343-368.

 
  Kto žije v kohabitáciách na Slovensku? Intenzita vytvárania a charakteristiky kohabitujúcich osôb podľa výsledkov Sčítania obyvateľov, domov a bytov 2011
Roman Džambazovič, Branislav Šprocha

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Cohabitation; cohabiting persons; intensity of formation; Slovakia; census 2011

Who Lives in Cohabitations in Slovakia? The Intensity of Formation and Characteris¬tics of Cohabiting Persons According to the Population and Housing Census 2011. The study identifies main characteristics of cohabitations by analyzing population and housing census from 2011. The results of the analysis confirmed existing differences in the structure and intensity of formation of cohabitations, depending on marital status, educational attainment, ethnicity, religion, place of residence, present and the number of births. Unmarried cohabitations in Slovakia are heterogeneous forms of partnerships and we can find them in different periods of life paths of individuals. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 4: 369-404)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 369-404.

 
  Patriarchát na Balkáně – dominantní ideologie nebo škála možností? (Na příkladu Vojvodova, obce Čechů a Slováků v Bulharsku)
Lenka Jakoubková Budilová

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Patriarchy; Balkans; Voyvodovo; Czechs; Slovaks; Bulgaria

Patriarchy in the Balkans – Dominant Ideology or a Scale of Variation? (The Case o Voyvodovo, Village of Czechs and Slovaks in Bulgaria) The topic of the article is the scope and limits of the model of patriarchal gender relations in the Balkans. Ethnographic material of Voyvodovo, a village of Czechs and Slovaks in Bulgaria, is used to test the general applicability of this model. The author analyzes sexual division of labour, inheritance practices or marriage strategies in Voyvodovo, as well as the local folk model of gender relations. Gender ideology and practice of gender relations of Voyvodovo villagers are set in the context of the Balkan societies to discuss to what extent this village presents an exception in the “Balkan patriarchal model”. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 4: 405-426)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 405-426.

 
  Komplementárna a alternatívna medicína na Slovensku z pohľadu sociálnych vied
Ivan Souček, Roman Hofreiter

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Social science; complementary and alternative medicine; commodification; legitimation; homeopathy

Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Slovakia from the Social Science Perspective. Since the early 90´s in the sociology of medicine and even in medical anthropology we have observed a growing number of publications dealing with the complementary alternative medicine (CAM). The article´s first and second sections are reviewing the terminology related to the selected field of research and analysis the acceptance of CAM. The analysis of sociological surveys related to CAM in Slovakia is presented in the next part of article. Authors are using regression analysis to describe main supporting factors which are explaining support for CAM. Moreover, the authors focus on the role of homeopathy in contemporary Slovakian society and analyze legitimizing efforts of this alternative medical system. On the selected cases, the article shows how the homeopathy in Slovakia is dealing with biomedical monopoly on medical care and limited access to economic and social resources. Finally, the article points out that more research will need to be done that we can deeply understand all relevant aspects of CAM in Slovakia. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 4: 427-450)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 4: 427-450.