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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 49, 2017, No. 3

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Schenk, Juraj: Signs, Indicators and Indexes in Sociological Research
Marek Mathias

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 3: 338-340.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Causal Analytic Methods in Sociology: A Comparison of the Simon-Blalock Method and the Methods of Durkheim’s Le Suicide
Igor Hanzel

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analytic methods; causal analysis; Simon-Blalock method; Durkheim’s egoistic suicide

Causal Analytic Methods in Sociology: A Comparison of the Simon-Blalock Method and the Methods of Durkheim’s Le Suicide. The article analyzes the methods employed in causal reasoning in sociology, which can be viewed as analytic. As a paradigmatic example of these methods, the Simon-Blalock method is examined. First, those characteristics of a method of science that turn it into an analytic method are delineated. Then the article offers a general characteristic of methods of causal reasoning as employed in sociology and shows why they can be viewed as being analytic by their very nature. Finally, the article shows how Durkheim combined analytic methods applied to egoistic suicide with nonanalytic methods in his causal reasoning about this type of suicide. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 3: 243-264)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 3: 243-264.

 
  Emerging Adulthood, Solo Living and Changes in Gender Subjectivity
Michaela Kvapilova Bartošová, Petr Fučík

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life stage; emerging adulthood; solo living; gender subjectivity

Emerging Adulthood, Solo Living and Changes in Gender Subjectivity. The households of young adults can be viewed as a natural environment where gender role transformation models can be found. After experiencing gender specific socialisation in childhood and adolescence, men and women enter a stage in which this structure more or less reverts to universalising practical requirements. These include financial security, focus on careers, securing a home and providing for household duties. The context outlined above is addressed in the paper via selected theoretical arguments and the review of relevant theoretical and empirical literature. The objective is to theoretically justify the mechanisms or principles resulting from specific elements present in the lives of solo-livers that can logically impact specific elements of gender subjectivity. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 3: 265-284)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 3: 265-284.

 
  Childcare Preferences of Parents in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic
Soňa Lutherová, Hana Maříková, Jana Válková

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childcare; family policies; gender equality; parental leave

Childcare Preferences of Parents in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. In spite of recent economic and social developments in the EU and related pressures on labour market participation, family policies in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic are very familialistic. With the combination of long-term leaves and limited access to institutional childcare the reconciliation of parenting and work remains an irresolvable task that has implications for gender equality and specifically for the participation of women in the labour market. This article seeks to examine the relationship between the ideal preferences and real decisions parents make concerning care for preschool-age children against a backdrop of cultural values, economic factors, and institutional provisions established under the system of family policy and childcare policy in the Czech Republic and Slovakia and in relation to gender in/equality in society. The aim is to shed light on the structure and content of parental views on childcare in the context of both real and hypothetical decision-making. As the data show, the ideal preferences and hypothetical choices of parents reflect their actual practice which is determined by the given childcare policies. It is therefore necessary to take this into account in relation to increasing gender equality in society and the participation of both men and women in childcare. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 3: 285-309)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 3: 285-309.

 
  Ready for Inclusive Education? Ethnographic and Survey Perspectives
Zuzana Kusá, Zuzana Juščáková

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inclusive culture; inclusive education; ethnography; pupils’ attitudes

Ready for Inclusive Education? Ethnographic and Survey Perspectives. Endeavours to integrate children of different abilities in mainstream education have been present for more than two decades, but the principles of inclusive education have gained legislative support only recently. This paper is an attempt to contribute to an understanding of day-to-day interaction among pupils and their classmates with special educational needs and to examine conditions that might have an impact on an inclusive atmosphere in the class. The paper is based on findings from a representative survey of inclusive attitudes of fifth graders and ethnographic observation in the subsample of classes covered by the survey. The paper begins by outlining its theoretical framework, which suggests the relevance of classic sociological ideas about the role of schools in promoting societal peace and solidarity and presents a theoretical reflection on inclusive education policies. The paper then introduces its methodology and the results of two interconnected research projects – the representative survey of pupils’ inclusive attitudes and the ethnography of daily life in regular school classes with integrated children who have special educational needs. The results of both projects are mutually supporting and show rather lukewarm attitudes towards classmates with SEN, who are often isolated and sometimes openly brushed aside. Finally, the authors try to elucidate why cultivating friendly and inclusive interactions among children has held a marginal place in teachers’ work. Sociológia 2017, Vol. 49 (No. 3: 309-337)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 49, 2017, No. 3: 309-337.