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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 48, 2016, No. 4

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Gluchman, Vasil: Profesijná etika ako etika práce a etika vzťahov
Eva Demjanová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 420-424.

 
  Jarkovská, Lucie – Lišková, Kateřina – Obrovská, Jana – Souralová, Adéla: Etnická rozmanitost ve škole. Stejnost v různosti.
Zuzana Kusá

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 424-428.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Současnost sociálního podnikání v České republice a na Slovensku
Alexandr Asmalovskij, Tomáš Sadílek

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social entrepreneurship; Czech Republic; Ashoka

The Current State of Social Entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The paper deals with up-to-date situation in social entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. The aim of the paper is to analyse the incidence of social enterprises in the given countries and analyse them based on chosen variables. In the theoretical part, literature review and various legal forms of enterprise are presented. The secondary data from the Czech Social Enterprise website are used. The sample consists of 219 companies registered in the website’s database by 22nd March 2016 and 44 enterprises in Slovakia. Social enterprises in both countries are analysed according to their distribution in regions, date of establishment, legal form, activity of social enterprise, and in the Czech Republic by frequency of providing facultative compensation. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 4: 319-339)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 319-339.

 
  Teoretický koncept aktívnej politiky trhu práce z pohľadu ekonomickej sociológie
Gizela Brutovská, Slavomír Bucher

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active labour market policy; theoretical aspect; institutional aspect, long-term unemployment; labor demand

Theoretical Concept of Active Labour Market Policy from the Perspective of Economic Sociology. One prerequisite for the effective functioning of the active labor market policy is a systematic evaluation (monitoring and audit is not enough), which is, in Slovakia, implemented in a very limited way. The problem is not only a lack of knowledge of theoretical approaches (evaluation strategies), but especially the lack of methodological approaches that could be applied to the evaluation of active labor market policy in Slovak conditions. The intention of this paper is the definition of active labor market policy in the context of labor market policy and of its institutional framework. It will be defined with respect to particular theories of the labor market (orthodox, dual and segmentation). The gradual development involving a change in the nature of unemployment has also changed strategies that have been under active labor market policies implemented for the unemployed to enter the labor market. Our intention was to create a theoretical basis for the processing of labor market analysis from the viewpoint of economic sociology. We will then deal with the ALMP’s instrumental framework and examine particular tools’ effectiveness in reducing long-term unemployment. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 48 (No. 4: 340-356)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 340-356.

 
  „Jeden veľký kolektív”. Folklór ako vystúpenie a organizácia
Joseph Grim Feinberg

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folklór; performatívnosť; verjná sféra a súkromie; estetická teória; sociálna teória

„One Big Collective”: Folklore as Performance and Organization. Based on an ethnographic study of folklore performance in contemporary Slovakia, this paper critically engages with „performance theory”, arguing that sometimes performance can be best understood by looking beyond moments of performance to the long, often arduous work of preparing for performance and reflecting on performances past. The author proposes studying folklore (and art more generally) not only as performance but also as „organization”, that is, as a set of enduring yet always shifting social relations. This approach enables us to see the modes of collectivity that emerge out of the social experience of art and, specifically, folklore. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 4: 357-376)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 357-376.

 
  Dítě a dětství: proměnlivá konceptualizace pojmů a její vazby na vzdělávání
Irena Kašparová, Radka Klvaňová

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child; childhood; education; ethnotheory; anthropology

Child and Childhood: Various Definitions of the Concepts and their Relation to Education. The aim of the text is to present the evolution of the concept of „childhood“ and discourses of childhood in social science literature and to highlight the link between ideas about who is a child and what is the nature of childhood and education. The article also discusses changes of ideas about childhood in the context of transition from socialism to capitalism and democratic regime and shows different conceptions of childhood in contemporary Czech society. Using examples of parental ethnotheories of childhood among selected social groups living in Czech Republic (socially excluded Roma, Vietnamese immigrants, unschoolers), the text shows how the ideas about who is a child and what is his/her way to adulthood influence the choice of education strategies and what tensions emerge in interaction of various conceptions of childhood. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 4: 377-398)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 377-398.

 
  Distribúcia verejných zdrojov ako politický mechanizmus: prípad environmentálnych dotácií na Slovensku
Peter Spáč

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public resources; pork barrel politics; distribution; local grants; Slovakia

Distribution of Public Resources as a Political Mechanism: The Case of Environmental Grants in Slovakia. Existing research shows that political representatives use public resources to reward their allies while punish their rivals. In region of Central Europe such literature is rather underdeveloped and this article aims to fill this gap. It analyzes distribution of environmental grants in Slovakia between 2005 and 2015. The results show that grants are primarily given to towns led by mayors supported by governmental parties. In case of coalition governments a better access to public resources is found for towns led by mayors supported by the party controlling the distribution process than for municipalities with mayors supported by other governmental parties. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 4: 399-419)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 4: 399-419.