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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 48, 2016, No. 3

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review:

 
  Perrault, Dominique – Bogár, Michal – Králik, Ľubomír – Urban, Ľudovít (eds.): Bratislava Metropolis
Alexandra Bitušíková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 3: 314-316.

 
 

study:

 
  Men’s Transition to Adulthood in the Czech Republic
Beatrice-Elena Chromková Manea, Lucie Moravcová

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transition to adulthood; male population; education; first job; premarital conception

Men’s Transition to Adulthood in the Czech Republic. This paper aims to bring a new perspective to and understanding of the way that Czech men aged 40-55 entered into adulthood in the light of the life course perspective and given specific key life events and historical context. We examine entry into adulthood (operationalized as entry into first marriage), depending on the timing and whether men do or do not go through certain life transitions (e.g. transition from education to first job, gaining independence from parents and first child’s conception). The data have been taken from the Male Reproductive Behaviour Study conducted in 2011. Given the specificity of our data (retrospective) and stated goals, we employ discrete-time event history analysis and estimate the effects by use of binary logistic models. Timing of first marriage was related to completing school, labour force participation and leaving the parental home (at least for men who had entered first marriages before 1990). Completing education occupies a special place among these three transitions. It was commonly the first event in a series of partial transitions of entering into adulthood. The effect of completing education on entering into marriage was negative only in the case of premarital conception. Premarital conception also moderated the effects of labour force participation and parental home leaving. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 3: 215-246)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 3: 215-246.

 
  ‘How do you Say “Stop that!” in Slovakian?’: A8 Immigration and Scotland’s Race and Ethnic Diversity Narrative
Mwenda Kailemia

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race; ethnicity; diversity; Scotland; policing; Roma; discrimination; society; Slovakia

‘How do you Say “Stop that!” in Slovakian’: A8 Immigra¬tion and Scotland’s Race and Ethnic Diversity Narrative. In 2004 8 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) joined the EU in an expansion popularly known as the Accession, or A8. As part of this arrangement the Slovakian Roma community settled in Govanhill, a neighborhood in the South-Side of Glasgow, Scotland. Immediately, there was widespread outcry, followed by public debate, on the numbers involved and the impact on local services. One of the claims made was that, because of a ‘unique’ history of ‘self-isolation’, the Roma had altered local policing needs. There were widespread media anecdotes of anti-social behavior but also racist victimization. Using material available post-A8 Govanhill, this synthesizes the debate on Roma settlement against the wider canvass of Scottish reception and assimilation of immigrants. I claim that post-A8 phobia of the Roma is part of an unsustainable ideology of Scotland as a post-racial ‘welcoming country’ which has occluded a nuanced interrogation of the capacity of the country to welcome and successfully integrate immigrants. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 3: 247-266)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 3: 247-266.

 
  Decomposition of Value Change in European Societies in 1995 – 2008: Test of Modernization Model and Socialization Hypothesis
Yuriy Savelyev

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modernization; values; socialization hypothesis; decomposition; social change; post-socialist societies

Decomposition of Value Change in European Societies in 1995 – 2008: Test of Moder¬nization Model and Socialization Hypothesis. The research tests a modernization model (Welzel et al. 2003; Inglehart – Welzel 2009; 2010) applied to post-socialist societies in comparison with West European countries. The linear decomposition analysis of integrated World Values Survey (waves WVS1994-1999, WVS1999-2004, WVS2005-2007) and European Values Study (waves EVS1999-2001, EVS2008-2010) data showed that Inglehart’s socialization hypothesis (Inglehart 1990), which is related to a fundamental emancipative shift in values, was true for both selected West European and post-socialist countries with minor exceptions. However, the study demonstrates that the observed variability in value change in different countries in Europe is due to specific country-level contextual effects and not the population turnover. This finding confronts the assumption of exclusiveness of socialization against historical period in forming value orientations. Nevertheless the study supports in part the tested modernization model and proves that post-socialist societies (including Post-soviet) can follow a path of development which is similar to advanced Western Europe if the economic security increases. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 48 (No. 3: 267-289)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 3: 267-289.

 
  Bonds of Steel or Bonds of Straw? International Treaties and Anticorruption Policy in Slovakia
Emília Sičáková-Beblavá, Miroslav Beblavý

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international organizations; rules; change; corruption; anti-corruption policy; Slovakia

Bonds of Steel or Bonds of Straw? International Treaties and Anticorruption Policy in Slovakia. The paper is a case study of influence of international organizations on national/domestic policies. It analyses effect of major anti-corruption conventions of three organizations – OECD, Council of Europe and UN – on domestic policy in Slovakia to see whether these conventions matter for what actually happens in domestic policy. More broadly, it also looks at whether the current political science and sociological perspectives, with their dichotomy of external incentives and social learning, are appropriate for understanding the mechanisms through which such conventions operate. The conclusion is that, for domestic policymakers, international anticorruption conventions are not inherently either bonds of steel or bonds of straw. The external commitment would be used by domestic champions, but is not necessarily sufficient to override the domestic opposition. Sociológia 2016, Vol. 47, (No. 3: 290-313)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 48, 2016, No. 3: 290-313.