Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis


Volume 68, 2016, No. 1

Content:


  Historický obraz Bratislavy a jej okolia na konci 18. storočia s dôrazom na využitie krajiny
Tatiana Hrnčiarová 1)

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1)Ústav krajinnej ekológie SAV, Štefánikova 3, 841 99 Bratislava. tatiana.hrnciarova@savba.sk


historical maps of Bratislava and its surroundings, Johann Mathias Korabinsky, historical land use, first military mapping

The aim of this paper is to document in detail the historical image of Bratislava of the late 18th century using the maps created by Johann Mathias Korabinsky – Grundrisz der königlichen freyen krönungs Stadt Preszburg nebst der umliegenden Gegend (Ground plan of the free royal coronation city of Bratislava with its surroundings). The map was made during the first military mapping of Austria-Hungary. Not only the urban and rural built-up landscape is relatively well captured on the map, but also the agricultural (especially vineyard) landscape including the rivers, roads, and forests. Natural landscape seems to be better shown compared to the built-up areas. Branches of the River Danube even forest paths as well as smaller meandering streams are precisely mapped. Agricultural land is divided into blocks of fields of various sizes. The urban landscape is represented as a whole (without individual buildings), where only streets and squares are distinguished. The built-up rural landscape lacks reality because although houses are precisely plotted, their number does not correspond to reality. Eight forms of land use (tree and shrub vegetation, permanent grassland, arable and permanent crops, water courses and bodies, exposed substrate and relief shapes, roads, built-up areas and isolated objects outside urban areas) are identifiable.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 1: 3-24.

 
  Mapovanie jaskyne Domica pomocou terestrického laserového skenovania
Jaroslav Hofierka 1), Zdenko Hochmuth 2), Ján Kaňuk 3), Michal Gallay 4), Alena Gessert 5)

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1)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geogrfie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. jaroslav.hofierka@upjs.sk
2)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. zdenko.hochmuth@upjs.sk
3)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. jan.kanuk@upjs.sk
4)School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen’s University, Belfast.
5)Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. alena.gessert@upjs.sk


caves, terrestrial laser scanning, LiDAR, Domica cave

Caves are specific underground forms that result from complex processes. The majority of the caves in the Western Carpathians developed in limestone karst regions. There are various methods for cave mapping mostly including traditional geodetic measurement. However, these methods are unable to capture important details of the cave interiors, such as stalagmites or smaller geomorphic forms. Recent developments in laser scanning technology provide new methods and tools for high-accuracy mapping of caves. This paper presents a methodology for the use of terrestrial laser scanning technology for cave mapping and evaluates its applicability to cave morphology analysis at various levels of detail. This paper demonstrates that the acquired point cloud can be visualized and used for an interactive analysis of cave morphology. Moreover, it can be further processed to a 3D cave model that helps to identify specific geomorphological forms. The georeferenced point cloud can also be integrated into a GIS database to explore complex spatial interactions between landscape components and the cave system.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 1: 25-38.

 
  Poloha bytu a jeho cena: priestorový hedonický model
Štefan Rehák 1)

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1)Národohospodárska Fakulta Ekonomickej univerzity v Bratislave, Katedra verejnej správy a regionálnehorozvoja, Dolnozemská cesta 1, 852 35 Bratislava. stefan.rehak@euba.sk


apartment location, hedonic model, real estate, spatial econometrics, town of Šaľa

House prices are determined by the characteristics of the particular apartment or house and its location in the town. The location of an apartment in the town may be represented in several ways. First, the position relative to the town centre represents the costs related to the transportation to the city centre. Second, as the amenities and public services vary in the town, location in the town district could be used in the model. Finally, prices of other neighbouring apartments may also influence the price and the role of spatially clustered positive or negative externalities. This paper analyses the significance of the location of an apartment for the apartment price using spatial hedonic models. The empirical part is based on the example of residential apartment prices in the town of Šaľa. Our analysis suggests that the location influences the apartment’s price. Distance to the city centre, local amenities and also prices of neighbouring apartments have a significant impact on price.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 1: 39-53.

 
  Vybrané faktory vzdělanostní úrovně modelových států Východní Afriky: komparativní metoda pomocí kompozitního indikátoru
Dana Hübelová 1), Veronika Odvárková 2), Petr Chalupa 3)

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1)Mendelova Universita v Brně, Fakulta regionálního rozvoje a mezinárodních studií, Ústav demografie a aplikované statistiky, Třída Generála Píky 7, 13 00 Brno, Česká republika. hubelova@mendelu.cz
2)Mendelova universita, Fakulta regionálního rozvoje a mezinárodních studií, Ústav demografie a aplikované statistiky, Třída Generála Píky 7, 613 00 Brno, Česká republika. odvarkova@mendelu.cz
3)Vysoká škola politechnická v Jihlavě, Katedra cestovního ruchu, Tolstého 16, 586 01, Česká republika. petr.chalupa@vspj.cz


educational level, composite indicator, literacy levels, length of school attendance, East Africa

The importance of education is constantly growing. There are a number of methodologies for the evaluation of educational level that use a large number of indicators. Therefore it was necessary to propose a suitable composite indicator (index) of the educational level and verify its potential use on the example of selected countries in East Africa. It was possible to determine the order of the states based on the analysis. A very good level of education was identified in Kenya and Comoros (index value of 6.18 and 2.56), while the low level of education showed Djibouti (-1,11), Burundi (-2,79), Mozambique (-3.93) and Eritrea (-4.09). The composite indicator of the educational level showed that it is advantageous to use indexes for a comprehensive summary of selected regional-geographical problems.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 1: 55-72.

 
  Vybrané aspekty transformácie fluviálneho systému rieky Váh v 20. storočí
Ján Novotný 1), Martina Cebecauerová 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. jan.novotny@savba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geoglujz@savba.sk


fluvial geomorphology, channel pattern evolution, river dynamics, river training, riverine landscape, land cover changes, channel pattern, by-passed river, the Váh River

The aim of this study is to analyse the changes in the morphology and riverine landscape or land cover of the Váh River, induced by human activity in the 20th Century. The Váh River is an exemplary case of human modification of the fluvial system (damming, by-passing, channel straightening, etc.). The Váh River fluvial system has been analysed in three ways. The planform changes have been evaluated for the whole river course, based on the topographic data displayed on the maps of the Third Military Mapping of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (reflecting the years 1869–1887) and spatial data on the national level of Slovakia – ZB GIS (2005–2008). The bankline movements, channel width and channel bars changes have been analysed in detailed scale, comparing two reaches (Púchov – Trenčín and Piešťany – Sereď). These analyses were based on the data obtained from the aerial photos and orthophotomaps (1949, 1985 and 2003). The land cover structures changes have also been analysed for one reach. The results have proven strong anthropogenic transformation of the Váh River fluvial system, especially channel narrowing, side channels and channel bars vanishing, forest riparian vegetation expansion and reduction of valuable aquatic and semi-aquatic habitats.

Geografický časopis. Volume 68, 2016, No. 1: 73-92.