Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Slavica Slovaca


Volume 50, 2015, No. 2

Content:


  Етнолингвистиката на границата между две столетия
Мария Китанова

Slavic Ethnolinguistics, Reconstruction, Cognitive ethnolinguistics, Worldview, World-perceiving and World-conceiving, Stereotype, Cognitive definition, Wiewpoint and Interpretive Perspective, Profiling and Profile, Subject, Values, Ethnolinguistic Lexico

The author of the article presents three major centers of the humanitarian discipline ethnolinguistics: Moscow, Lublin and Sofia. The Moscow ethnolinguistic school is called Slavonic ethnolinguistics; The Liublino ethnolinguistic school – the cognitive ethnolinguistics with its seven key concepts: linguistic worldview, stereotype, cognitive definition, viewpoint and interpretive perspective, profile, subject, values; And last but not least – the Center for Ethnolinguistic Studies in Sofa, which the article refers to as – ethnolinguistic of the folk terminology. Also, there is a detailed review of the lexicographic products of those three major centers: Славянские древности. (Ancien Slavic). Słownik stereotypów i symboli ludowych. Речник на българската народна духовна култура, (Encyclopedia of Bulgarian folk spiritual culture)Тематичен речник на термините на народния календар (Thematic Dictionary of the Terms of the folk Calendar), Човешкият живот: Раждане, сватба, погребение. Тематичен речник на семейната обредност (Topical Dictionary of family rituals: Birth, Wedding, Funeral). Ethnolinguistic Lexicography has evolved as a separate field of Ethnolinguistics, whose task is to collect, interpret and classify the ethno-cultural lexis. The radical meaning of the folk culture terminology is determined by the fact of its concomitance to the language and culture. The ethnolinguistics point of view is the only way this science to be explored and presented because only the language expresses each cultural code adequately and describes it in its entirety. The panel of authors propound a reference book, reflecting the spiritual culture of the Bulgarians in the wholeness of their ethnical and language territory through folk terms, related to the Bulgarian Rituals, Traditions and Believes. The presented encyclopedias are pioneers (first of their kind) in the Bulgarian ethnolinguistic lexicography.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 103-115.

 
  Formy, prejavy a mytologické aspekty hraníc v ľudovej rozprávke
Ľubomír Gábor

Folk tale, Indo-European mythology, Slavic mythology, magic, borders, water surface, bridge, house, wood, life, death, initial process, sovereign cosmological duality.

In the paper the author analyses forms, manifestation and mythological aspects of borders or terminal lines in the Slovak and Czech folk tales. The author focuses on the metaphorical, magical and mythological value of water surface, bridge, house and wood like boundaries between life and death.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 116-131.

 
  Príspevok k interpretácii postáv a textov na plaketách z Bojnej
Juraj Gradoš

Bojná, Plaques, Great Moravia, The Christianization of the Slavs, Latin mission.

Plaques from Bojná are a clear testimony of the Christianization of Moravian Slovens in the first half of the 9th century. Their origin and purpose, as well as content, are still a mystery. Karol Pieta and Alexander Ruttkay expressed the first assumptions of plaque content, although without theological research. A new view of the contents of these plaques right in conjunction with the theological disciplines is possible, based on the comparison and analysis of plaques each other, as well as on the basis of existing research and the views of different scientific disciplines.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 132-139.

 
  Sacrum i łzy. Fenomen płaczących ikon w wyobrażeniach religijnych w prawosławiu (wybrane zagadnienia)
Ewa Kocój

Orthodoxy, icons, imagology, miraculous icons, weeping icons, regions of weeping icons, weeping persons, space, time, memory, contemporary representations related to the weeping icons.

This article analyzes selected issues related to the phenomenon of the so-called weeping icons in Orthodoxy from the perspective of cultural anthropology. In this part it portrays the regions of the Orthodox world that host the weeping icons, as well as the main themes and motifs associated with the subject of the “weeping persons” on icons (Mother of God, Christ, saints, monks and politicians), hierotopy and the time of weeping. The research carried out while interpreting the beliefs related to the origin of weeping, presents their historical consistency in the collective memory of Orthodoxy, as well as its contemporary transformation. The study involves qualitative methods of research. Selected examples of weeping icons in historical and ethnographic sources from various ages and Orthodox countries were subjected to comparative analysis. Contemporary beliefs referring to weeping icons were also exposed to qualitative research – I conducted interviews with the Orthodox Church believers as well as residents of the places hosting weeping icons (Romania, Poland, Ukraine, Eastern Slovakia) and engaged in participant observation (Greece and Macedonia). The research also included internet research – the narration of the new media on weeping icons was analyzed, including blogs and web portals. The analysis employed the use of interpretivist paradigm facilitating the research of hidden meanings and cultural codes connected to the representations of Orthodox believers on the weeping icons.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 140-155.

 
  Rukopisný irmologion Jána Juhaseviča Skľarského z rokov 1800-1801
Mária Prokipčáková

Irmologion, Manuscript, Scribe, Carpathian prostopinije, Ján Juhasevič Skľarskyj (1741-1814).

Presented paper brings new information about hitherto unexplored manuscript of significant scribe and cantor Ján Juhasevič Skľarskyj (1741-1814). The fifth known irmologion of Juhasevič was written (copied) in the village called Nevické in the years 1800-1801. The paper focuses on the description of its form and repertoire. In the addition to the basic musical and textual comparison the article puts emphasis on the system of writing tradition and liturgical musical praxis in the Carpathian region.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 156-168.

 
  Slovenskí gréckokatolíci v Kanade. Najstaršie písomné záznamy o farnosti sv. Petra a Pavla v Lethbridge, Alberta
Daniel Černý

Lethbridge, Canada, Slovaks, Greek Catholics, Immigration, Manuscript, Ukrainians, Choir music, Bishop M. Rusnak.

The presented article focuses on the copy of a manuscript book of the meeting minutes of the parish board of the parish of Sts. Peter and Paul in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. This was the first Slovak Greek Catholic parish on the Canadian soil. The article briefly narrates the history of the Slovak settlement in Lethbridge before the creation of the parish and continues with the years depicted on the pages of the book. Interesting is the fact that the Slovak immigration to Lethbridge had its origin among the Slovaks, who already settled in the USA. Using the quotations from the copy of the manuscript book we are able to trace the efforts and life of this Slovak Greek Catholic community from the very start till the outbreak of the WWII. The article continues with the history of the parish till the creation of the Slovak Eparchy in 1980, when the parish was not any longer considered to be Slovak.

Slavica Slovaca. Volume 50, 2015, No. 2: 169-179.