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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 47, 2015, No. 3English

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  Who are Kotleba’s Voters? Voters’ Transitions in the Banská Bystrica Region in 2009 – 2014
Kamil Gregor

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elections; Kotleba; voters’ transitions; statistical modeling; political science

Who are Kotleba’s Voters? Voters’ Transitions in the Banská Bystrica Region in 2009 – 2014. The aim of the article is to explore voting behaviour of supporters of Marian Kotleba, a controversial right-wing candidate that won the presidency of the Banská Bystrica Region, Slovakia, in the 2013 regional elections. Specifically, the article models transitions of voters between political parties and candidates in the 2009 – 2014 elections in order to determine who Kotleba’s supporters voted for in other elections. A hierarchical Bayesian model of ecological inference is used to estimate the transitions rates. There is a group of people in the Region that consistently do not participate in the second order elections. Kotleba managed to mobilize a large share of these voters in the second round of the 2013 regional elections. Kotleba’s voters were highly disciplined – almost everyone who supported him in the first round participated in the second round and voted for him again. Kotleba was also as successful as his opponent Vladimír Maňka in mobilizing voters of the SMER(-SD) party and Rober Fico. Sociológia 2015, Vol. 47 (No. 3: 235-252)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 47, 2015, No. 3English: 235-252.

 
  Beyond Poverty in Romania: An Analysis of Household-Level Factors of Poverty and Precarious Prosperity
Iuliana Precupetu, Ana Maria Preoteasa, Ionela Vlase

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Romania; poverty; precarious prosperity; non-poor; EU-SILC

Beyond Poverty in Romania: An Analysis of Household-Level Factors of Poverty and Precarious Prosperity. This paper looks at both poverty and a specific layer of population in Romania we call precarious prosperity with the goal of understanding the household-level factors that contribute to the likelihood of being in this respective category. Drawing upon the emerging literature on precarious prosperity, this approach is an attempt to look beyond measures of poverty that are limited from appropriately capturing the relevant economic circumstances of disadvantaged households. Based on the latest wave of available EU-SILC data, multinomial logistic regression shows that similar household-level factors like housing type, unemployment, household production and household type have an impact on the likelihood of being in poverty or precarious prosperity. Sociológia 2015, Vol. 47 (No. 3: 253-271)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 47, 2015, No. 3English: 253-271.

 
  An Interplay Between the Shadow Economy and Religious Oriented Entrepreneurship in Poland. A Qualitative Inquiry
Rafal Smoczynski

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shadow economy; Polish Catholicism; small and medium-sized companies; moral community; ambiguities

An Interplay Between the Shadow Economy and Religious Oriented Entrepreneurship in Poland. A Qualitative Inquiry. This paper explores whether Catholic organisations, understood as moral communities, may act as intermediary institutions of control between markets and the post-socialist Polish state in constraining shadow economy activities of religionists who professionally run small and medium-sized companies. The interview data show that religious control efficiency is determined by the integrative potential of the specific religious organisation with which the analysed entrepreneurs were associated. This study also shows that the intertwining of an otherworldly orientation and dense social capital implies numerous ambiguities, which may produce destabilising effects for companies’ organizational efficiency. Sociológia 2015, Vol. 47 (No. 3: 272-296)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 47, 2015, No. 3English: 272-296.

 
  Coping Strategies for Sexual Harassment in Higher Education: “An Official Action May Harm you in the End More than if Someone Slaps your Butt”
Marta Vohlídalová

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sexual harassment; gender; power; coping strategies; anti-harassment policies

Coping Strategies for Sexual Harassment in Higher Education: “An Official Action May Harm you in the End More than if Someone Slaps your Butt”. The paper asks in what ways students in Czech higher education cope with sexual harassment and what strategies they choose to deal with it. It builds on a qualitative study of a higher education institution in Prague. The study reveals that student’s narratives are organized on two planes between which there is a clear discrepancy: on the “hypothetical” plane external strategies of open resistance against sexual harassment predominate; on the second plane involving students’ narratives about dealing with real situations of harassment or deeper considerations of hypothetical cases of harassment, scepticism prevails toward these strategies. In this case internal strategies predominate, together with avoiding the harasser. Active resistance against harassment and challenge to the status quo through coping strategies for sexual harassment are limited by two types of “ideational” and “material”. On the ideational level students often downplay their experience, express fears of secondary victimization and being accused of making false accusations; these responses are tied to a severe power imbalance. On the “material level” students report lacking information about the issue and distrust in school management. Sociológia 2015, Vol. 47 (No. 3: 297-316)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 47, 2015, No. 3English: 297-316.