Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis

Volume 67, 2015, No. 1


  Identification of historical cultural landscape using the example of selected municipalities in the hinterland of Bratislava
Ján Hanušin 1), Vladimír Ira 1), Ján Oťaheľ 1), Peter Podolák 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

historical cultural landscape, cultural landscape concept, typification, Bratislava hinterland

In spite of the prevailing consensus regarding the definition of the term cultural landscape as landscape recreated by humans, the content of this term is ambiguously interpreted. Its varied interpretation leads to misunderstandings that appear not only in the basic and applied research but also result in a negative impact on interpretation and implementation of legal provisions and the territorial management. Differences in interpretation of the term are identified and principles of typological classification of cultural landscape are presented in this article. Analysis of natural and socio-economic factors determining the origins and character of cultural landscape was used as the source material. Great importance is ascribed to the factor of time introducing the term historical cultural landscape. Precisely the ignorance of the time dimension is considered one of the most important sources of confusion in the use of the term cultural landscape. A sample of the practical application of the outlined theoretical background is identification of historical cultural landscape exemplified by the territory of four municipalities in the hinterland of Bratislava.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 1: 3-24.

  Úroveň úmrtnosti na Slovensku a v Česku v európskom pohľade
Branislav Šprocha 1), Luděk Šídlo 2), Boris Burcin 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Prognostický ústav SAV, Mlynská dolina, Bratislava, Šancová 56, Bratislava.
2)Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra demografie a geodemografie, Albertov 6, Praha, Česká republika.

mortality, life expectancy, causes of death, decomposition, Slovak Republic, Czech Republic, Europe

In the last two decades dramatic changes in demographic behaviour in Slovakia and Czechia became evident. One of the major changes is the end of the negative development of mortality and a gradual improvement in mortality conditions. Nevertheless, it is obvious that the position of Czechia and Slovakia, especially compared to most states of the former Western Bloc, is relatively weak. The aim of this paper is mainly to analyse the causes of this lag, to identify the position of Slovakia and Czechia in the European area and also to demonstrate existing reserves for the future development of mortality.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 1: 25-43.

  Analýza zmien využitia krajiny a ich vzťahu k topografickým faktorom: príklad obce Lietavská Svinná-Babkov
Marek Súľovský 1), Vladimír Falťan 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.
2)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia.

land-use change, environmental factors, rural landscape, frequency analysis, canonical correspondence analysis, municipality Lietavská Svinná-Babkov

The paper present large-scale analysis of land use changes based on aerial photographs from 1949, 1969, 1987, and 2009. A slightly changed nomenclature of the CORINE Land Cover’s 4th hierarchical level was used for their interpretation. The identified land-cover changes of minimal area 625 m2 were classified into six land-use processes: intensification of agriculture, extensification of agriculture, enlargement of built-up areas, enlargement or exhaustion of natural resources, afforestation and deforestation. The main goal was to assess the relationship of these processes to topographic factors such as altitude, slope, insolation and distance from the settlement and the influence of these environmental factors on the course of identified changes. The study area of the municipality Lietavská Svinná-Babkov, located in the Súľov Mts. of northwestern Slovakia, was used due to its relatively diverse topographic characteristics. Frequency and canonical correspondence analyses were applied. The low influence of topographic factors mentioned above on land-use changes (11.2-13.4%) was confirmed. However, the hypothesis of indirect dependence between intensity of land-use changes and influence of topographic factors on these changes was not confirmed.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 1: 45-62.

  Geopolitická poloha Srbska ako potenciálny dezintegračný činiteľ
Slavomír Bucher 1), Robert Ištok 1)

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1)Prešovská univerzita v Prešove, Fakulta humanitných a prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a aplikovanej geoinformatiky, Ulica 17. novembra 1, 081 16 Prešov.

Serbia, the Balkans, geopolitical position, factors of geostrategic position, geopolitics

The Balkan Peninsula, as an intersection of the European and intercontinental routes, is a place of meeting, contact and mingling of civilizations, cultures and religions. The historic processes in the Balkans at the end of the 20th century did not correspond to the European integration processes; the Balkan nations met them economically and politically unready. As a geo-strategically important European area at its south-eastern extremity, the Balkan peninsula represents the cradle of Europe in its cultural-historic, civilization and political development. From the geographical and geostrategic perspective, it is a “geo-political crossroads” and “geopolitical hub” of the East and West, and a gate to the east and west, south and north of Europe. This article brings an analysis of the elementary exterior and interior factors of the geostrategic position of Serbia and its chances of regional and global integration.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 1: 63-83.

  Zazemňovanie gbelčianskej depresie počas holocénu vo svetle analýzy rastlinných makrozvyškov (profil Nová Vieska 2)
Juraj Procházka 1), Peter Pišút 2), Eva Jamrichová 3)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 8421 15 Bratislava 4.
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie, Mlynská dolina, 8421 15 Bratislava 4.
3)Masarykova univerzita v Brně, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Ústav botaniky a zoologie, Kotlářská 267/2, 611 37 Brno.

Gbelce depression, macrofossil record, Nature Reserve Parížske močiare, SW Slovakia

In this paper we present the results of plant macroremains analysis from organic sediments of the Gbelce depression (lower Hron Hill land, SW Slovakia). The coring site (Nová Vieska 2) is situated on the floodplain of the Paríž Brook. The 283 cm deep profile represents a sedimentary record covering the whole period from the Late Glacial (9 674 cal BC) to the Modern Age. Based on plant macrofossils and 8 radiocarbon (AMS) dates, the hydroseral succession can be subdivided into 6 local analytical zones reflecting the changing composition of local marsh vegetation over time. Infilling of the Gbelce depression markedly accelerated from the Younger Atlantic – Early Subboreal period onward due to forest clearance and input of eroded fine particles from the adjacent slopes. Plant macroremains also reveal a pronounced change in water regime during the medieval period which helps to explain the historic occurrence of local „floating islands“ (reported from 18th Century). Plant macrofossils also enable us to track an early presence of humans in the adjoining landscape that dates back into the Eneolithic period (it is mainly indicated by numerous achenes of Cyperus fuscus and Ranunculus sceleratus). The paper brings new data on the development of the Parížske močiare Nature Reserve.

Geografický časopis. Volume 67, 2015, No. 1: 85-103.