Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Geografický časopis


Volume 66, 2014, No. 3

Content:


  Intraurbánna kriminalita a jej pevencia v konceptuálnom rámci CPTED (príklad mesta Prešov)
Kvetoslava Matlovičová 1), Peter Mocák 2)

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1)Prešovská univerzita v Prešove, Fakulta humanitných a prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a aplikovanej geoinformatiky, ul. 17. novembra 1, 081 16 Prešov. kveta.matlovicova@gmail.com
2)Prešovská univerzita v Prešove, Fakulta humanitných a prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a aplikovanej geoinformatiky, ul. 17. novembra 1, 081 16 Prešov. petomocak@gmail.com


criminality, criminality perception, CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design), safety, criminological theories, Prešov

The issue of criminality and its intra-urban differentiation and perception is one of the most socially significant problems in human geography. The study presents the theoretical framework of the CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design) concept. It also offers the characteristics of the CPTED principles and describes the possibilities to apply CPTED to the intra-urban criminality in the model territories of the city of Prešov.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 199-223.

 
  K príčinám a dôsledkom živelnej suburbanizácie v zázemí Bratislavy: príklad obce Chorvátsky Grob
Martin Šveda 1), Pavel Šuška 2)

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1)Prírodovedecká fakulta UK, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. sveda@fns.uniba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogsusk@savba.sk


suburbanization, urban sprawl, unregulated development, local government, Chorvátsky Grob, Bratislava

Chorvátsky Grob is one of the municipalities most exposed to suburbanization processes in Slovakia. The spontaneous and unrestrained construction has brought a number of problems, which debase the quality of life in this locality. The aim of this article is to point to the negative impact of new construction, to the mechanism which led to the birth of an extensive suburb and the roles of individual actors, especially that of the local government. The incompetent and inefficient approach of the local government also supported by the unclear legal situation has allowed investors to build a suburb with inadequate infrastructure and lacking any spatial links. It is important to point to such a problematic trend because the further planned construction may change Chorvátsky Grob into the biggest settlement in the hinterland of Bratislava.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 225-246.

 
  Identifikácia zmien urbanizovanej krajiny na báze satelitných dát s veľmi vysokým rozlíšením (VHR): záujmové územie Trnava
Monika Kopecká 1), Konštantín Rosina 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogmari@savba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogrosi@savba.sk


land cover changes, VHR satellite data, urbanization, Trnava

The configuration of expanding cities and suburban landscape are now among the abundantly studied topics of geographical research. Such changes are observable using remote sensing data from different time horizons. The most dynamically developing sector of remote sensing is the use of VHR satellite data characterized by spatial resolution of about 1 m. The aim of this study is to document urbanization trends in a selected regional centre in Slovakia using the Ikonos and WorldView2 VHR satellite data. The city of Trnava was chosen for the study area and the study period has been the last ten years. In order to assess the urbanizing trends the following processes were defined and assessed: urban expansion, urban infill and other changes of urbanized landscape.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 247-267.

 
  Disparity v alokácii a čerpaní zdrojov s dôrazom na marginálne regióny Slovenska
Anton Michálek 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogami@savba.sk


regional differences, marginal regions, identification, allocation, use of resources, Slovakia

Like in many other EU countries, the basic trend in the regional development of Slovakia is divergence. Increasing regional disparities multiply the adverse situation of economically weaker marginal regions. Stopping or changing this trend depends on the support provided by the EU Structural Funds (EU SF) and the State Budget (SB). Finances from these sources should be preferably allocated in marginal regions. This article has two aims. The first is to delimit marginal districts (in terms of socio-economic marginality) and the second is to analyse the drawing of funds first of all by the delimited marginal regions. Data issued by the Regional Database of the Statistical Office of the SR, Centre for Labour, Social Matters and the Family, and Central Information System were used in the presented analyses. On the basis of the applied methodology, 21 marginal districts with different level of marginality were identified in Slovakia. The results of the analyses show that only 4 of the marginal districts are in the group of 23 districts with the top amounts drawn. The above-mentioned and other results indicate that allocation or drawing on funds did not respect the rule of preference of the delimited marginal districts with the exception of the district of Rimavská Sobota. Key words: regional differences, marginal regions, identification, allocation, use of resources, Slovaki

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 269-286.

 
  Mapovanie a hodnotenie environmentálnych funkcií poľnohospodárskych pôd Slovenska
Jozef Vilček 1)

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1)Výskumný ústav pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy, Raymanova 1, 080 01 Prešov. j.vilcek@vupop.sk


ecological soil functions, environmental potential, soil, soil evaluation, Slovakia

This work presents information on rating and financial evaluation of environmental soil potential indexes (ESPI). These indexes enable identification of relatively homogenous spatial units with the specific soil capacity to provide for its individual environmental functions. The ESPI four-digit code expresses the degree of capacity of the soil to accumulate water, to immobilize the risk elements and substances and to transform risk substances (organic pollutants). In agricultural soils of Slovakia 493 combinations of environmental soil potential index were found. Each index is expressed through rating (point) value and financial value. The average value of the Slovak agricultural land to provide for selected ecological soil functions is 55.3 points, which in financial expression represent 35.946 billion € for agricultural land or approximately 1.42 € per square metre.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 287-304.

 
  Vývoj vlhkostného režimu na vybraných lokalitách ovplyvnených vodným dielom Gabčíkovo
Igor Matečný 1), Zoltán Bedrna 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. matecny@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. bedrna@fns.uniba.sk


monitoring of biota, soil moisture regime, geosystem habitat conditions, Gabčíkovo waterworks

Construction and operation of the Gabčíkovo Waterworks has influenced the environment of the region. Three years before the waterworks were put into operation the monitoring (controlling and watching system) of the environmental impact of the Gabčíkovo waterworks started. This complex monitoring system included the Monitoring System of Biota involved with observation of fauna and flora. The role of this monitoring is to observe changes in the relatively undisturbed ecosystems of the Danube floodplain and adjacent area potentially endangered by construction and operation of the waterworks. Changes in the moisture regime have a basic impact on terrestrial ecosystems. The paper provides an example of the methodological approach to long-term monitoring of soil moisture regimes and an overview of results collected during 20 years of observations. The data demonstrate the change in the moisture regime and its impact on the affected terrestrial ecosystems.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 3: 305-320.