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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 46, 2014, No. 5

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Berger, Peter: Dobrodružství náhodného sociologa
Marek Loužek

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 638-642.

 
  Krivý, Vladimír (ed.): Ako sa mení slovenská spoločnosť
Zora Bútorová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 642-649.

 
  Petrová Kafková, Marcela: Šedivějící hodnoty? Aktivita jako dominantní způsob stárnutí
Kvetoslava Repková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 649-652.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Romové, Československo a transnacionalismus
Lenka J. Budilová, Marek Jakoubek

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Roma; Gypsies; Czechoslovakia; kinship; identity; locality; migration

Roma, Czechoslovakia and Transnationalism. The fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe and the emergence of two independent states – the Czech and Slovak Republics – brought wide-ranging changes in how inhabitants' identity is perceived in these states. The division of Czechoslovakia established new borders, which, nevertheless, did not have any strong effects, either on migratory movements between the newly founded states, or on the perception of group identity for some of the Roma/Gypsy groups in these countries. The EU integration process in recent years has brought about new opportunities – movements of people, job opportunities and more intensive labour migrations. We discuss the problem of identity of aparticular Roma/Gypsy group and the effect that recent social and political changes have had on their perception of who they are. The core of our investigation concerns questions of identity (local identity, kinship identity, state identity, European identity or a trans-national Roma identity?). We will discuss interrelationships between various strata of identities and the extent to which these relationships are influenced by the contemporary processes of EU integration. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 487-503)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 487-503.

 
  Environmentálna výchova ako otvorený projekt vytvárania významov a praktík starostlivosti o svet
Jana Klocoková

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environmentalism; environmental education; place; place-based educa¬tion; environmental knowledge; school

Environmental Education as an Open Project for Creating Meanings and Practices of Care for the World. This article introduces environmental education as specific cultural work for exploring and creating meanings, values and practices related to environmentalism. Comparing the national curriculum's discourse of environmental education with the narratives of environmental education practitioners, the study examines ways in which ecological concepts as well as moral issues emerging from the ethics of care for the environment get translated into everyday language and activities. Particular attention is paid to conceptions of environmental knowledge and activities mediating an active involvement of pupils. Drawing on interviews with two groups of practitioners, the paper argues that the practice of environmental education is manifold and varies according to different settings and the interests of teachers and environmental activists. Finally, the author argues for the promotion of pedagogies of place which can advance practice in environmental education and provide a common, and at the same time sufficiently broad, framework for the field. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 504-533)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 504-533.

 
  Teorie sociální dezorganizace a její význam pro výzkum pro¬storové podmíněnosti kriminality
Eva Moravcová

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social disorganization theory; socio-spatial analysis of crime; Chicago school; neighborhood crime; criminality

Social Disorganization Theory and its Relevance for the Socio-Spatial Analysis of Crime. Research on the socio-spatial analysis of crime reaches deep into the past. However, one of the first major sociological theories that influenced the scientific field of criminology is the social disorganization theory of Shaw and McKay, who studied the impact of structural factors on neighborhood crime in the Chicago metropolitan area. This article introduces the original concept of social disorganization theory, describes the reasons for its criticism in the 70´s and the causes of its subsequent resurgence during the 80´s. Attention is given to studies that used social disorganization theory as a starting point for the socio-spatial analysis of crime. The aim of the article is to trace how the concept of social disorganization was historically understood and operationalized within empirical research, and what data the authors used for this purpose. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 534-553)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 534-553.

 
  Nástin kritického konceptu třídy
Martin Nový

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class; class struggle; critical theory; Marx; The Frankfurt School; Bonefeld

An Outline of the Critical Concept of Class. This essay reconstructs the critical notion of class. Firstly, it turns its attention to the methodological distinctiveness of critical theory and clarifies the key importance of Marx's critique of fetishized capitalist social forms in his sociological method. Secondly, it criticizes the sociological reconstructions of Marx's work that are unable to integrate his concept of class with his treatment of capitalist social objectivity. Thirdly, it shifts its focus to a contemporary interpretation of the critical concept of class in Bonefeld's work. Bonefeld derives the process of social constitution from Marx's theorization of primitive accumulation, which has left its imprint on capitalist conceptuality as such. On this basis, Bonefeld introduces a distinction between the affirmative and the critical concept of class. Finally, this essay, once again, stresses the interconnectedness and inseparability of the concepts of class and class struggle in critical theory and ponders their usage in the sociology of culture. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 554-578)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 554-578.

 
  Sparťanská šlechta. Elita proti všem
David Šusta, Alena Pařízková

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football fans; identity; fandom; rivalry; media

Spartan Aristocracy. The Elite Against all. Identity is formed as individual biography rooted in a social and historical context. Football fan identity is shaped by two dimensions. It is created by affiliation to a particular football club and by the process of defining the boundaries between us and them. This article analyzes the identity of a football fan and labels the particular importance of the football club during its formation. Based on ethnographic research of fans of the AC Sparta football club, the article shows how fan identity is expressed both as an action and symbolic declaration of affiliation with the club. The Spartan is a person who actively and intensively supports the team and creates atmosphere at the football stadium. Moreover, this identity involves a self-concept of elitism despite the existing stigma of Spartan`s football fans. Boundaries defining the others are created in different ways. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 579-598)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 579-598.

 
  Kreatívna trieda a kreatívne mestá. Teoretický koncept a jeho limity
Štefan Rehák

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creative cities; creative class; Slovakia

Creative Class and Creative Cities: A Theoretical Concept and its Limits. The growth of cities is based on other factors than in the past. Human creativity is considered to be a key driving force of the economy of cities. R. Florida's concept of creative class and creative cities is often discussed both in academia as well as in city development practice. This paper reviews the theoretical basis of the concept of creative cities and critically analyses its contribution to theories of urban development. Exploratory analysis of cities in Slovakia has shown that lower levels of urbanization, a low migration rate, the dominance of the capital city and suburbanization processes provide a context that is significantly different from the assumptions underlying the concept of creative cities. Discussion on the impact of the socio-economic context contributes to a better understanding of the possibilities of applying this concept outside metropolitan regions. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 599-619)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 599-619.

 
  Bariéry v prístupe k pitnej vode ako aspekt sociálneho vy-lúčenia rómskej populácie
Daniel Škobla, Richard Filčák

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Roma ethnicity; drinking water; local field of power

Barriers to Access to Potable Water as an Aspect of Social Exclusion of the Roma Population. The main objective of this study is to explore and critically apply Bourdieu's concept of the field to identify barriers that hinder access to clean, safe sources of drinking water for the Roma population at a local level. The main barriers identified are power asymmetries and the lack of representation for those who have difficulty in accessing drinking water. The study combines a quantitative, empirical description of the water infrastructure in so-called Roma settlements with a qualitative account of structural inequalities in the local field of power. The authors suggest that equal access to water infrastructure should be assured through Roma-focused affirmative action, and recommend strengthening both universal social policies and central decision-making to neutralize the partisan interests and biased decision-making that are sometimes present at the local level. Sociológia 2014, Vol. 46 (No. 5: 620-637)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 46, 2014, No. 5: 620-637.