Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Geografický časopis


Volume 66, 2014, No. 2

Content:


  Funkčné regióny na Slovensku podľa denných tokov do zamestnania
Marián Halás 1), Pavel Klapka 2), Branislav Bleha 3), Marek Bednář 4)

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1)Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra geografie, tř. Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc. marian.halas@upol.cz
2)Katedra geografie, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, třída Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc, Česká Republika. pavel.klapka@upal.cz
3)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, pavilón CH1-B1, 842 15 Bratislava. bleha@fns.uniba.sk
4)Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra ekologie a životního prostředí, tř. Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc. marek.bednar@upol.cz


functional region, daily urban system, daily travel-to-work flows, local/regional labour market area, Slovakia

Delineation of functional regions based on daily movements of population has a long tradition in world literature. They are commonly referred to as “travel-to-work areas” or “local labour market areas”. The most frequent and stable regular movement of the population with a daily periodicity is labour commuting. Therefore local labour market areas delineated on the basis of labour commuting can be regarded as general functional regions, if the parameters suitable for detailed analyses of the labour market and for demographic or socio-economic analyses are set correctly. A functional region is an area organized by spatial flows (or interactions), which presents internal coherence and external separation with regard to these flows. The main objective of the paper is to delineate functional regions of Slovakia on the basis of daily travel-to-work flows in 2001 using several size parameters. The paper verifies the procedure of the delineation of functional regions based on a commonly applied algorithm (in a slightly modified form) and its parameters on the regional and settlement system of Slovakia. The paper methodologically contributes to the discussion of the applied parameters of the self-containment and the constraint function and presents more suitable alternatives for the self-containment parameters and so-called continuous constraint function.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 2: 89-114.

 
  Fenomén neúplnej evidencie migrácie v suburbánnej zóne (na príklade zázemia Bratislavy)
Martin Šveda 1), Peter Podolák 2)

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1)Prírodovedecká fakulta UK, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. sveda@fns.uniba.sk
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. podolak@savba.sk


suburbanization, registry of permanent residence, incomplete migration data, hinterland of Bratislava

The article deals with the topic of incomplete records of suburban in-migrants’ permanent residence. The aim of the paper is to estimate the number of missing in-migrants by simple comparison of the migration data and the home construction data. The results indicate a division of Bratislava’s hinterland into two parts with different relationships between home construction and in-migration. The reasons and consequences of this phenomenon are discussed. The practical, social, cultural and sociological aspects could be mentioned as factors with a significant impact on incomplete migration data of the suburban zone. The main consequences are evident mostly in the economic and social spheres.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 2: 115-132.

 
  Špecifické črty reprodukčného správania rómskeho obyvateľstva na Slovensku
Jana Pukačová 1), Jozef Mládek 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. pukacova.jana@gmail.com
2)Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Pedagogická fakulta, Katedra geografie, Jeronýmova 200/10, 371 15 České Budějovice. jozef.mladek1@gmail.com


Roma population, reproductive behaviour, fertility, mortality, natural changes, demographic transition, Slovakia

Recognition of the specific reproductive behaviour of the Roma population using the classification of municipalities in Slovakia was the main task of our analysis. Six community groups with different sizes of the Roma ethnicity were established. The fertility of Roma women is still high, mainly due to the traditional perception of children in the Roma family and community. Mortality and infant mortality in groups of communities dominated by the Roma ethnicity are worse. The reproductive parameters in the Roma communities are similar to those of Slovakia in the early twentieth century. The change in reproduction is associated with the increasing living standard and in particular with the increasing level of education. Education is probably the only possible way to achieve some integration and emancipation of the Roma population.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 2: 133-159.

 
  Zmeny ekosystémov a retenčných charakteristík Belianskej vodnej nádrže a okolia
Daniel Kubinský 1), Karol Weis 2), Milan Lehotský 3)

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1)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra biológie a ekológie, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. posta@dkubinsky.sk
2)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie, geológie a krajinnej ekológie, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. karol.weis@umb.sk
3)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogleho@savba.sk


bathymetric survey, ecosystem changes, land cover, lake morphology, riparian zone, Banská Štiavnica

The paper concentrates on comparison and evaluation of ecosystem changes in the littoral, sublittoral zone and profundal zone as well as the riparian zone of the Belianska water reservoir. The changes in stratification and ecological zonation of the water component of the reservoir are conditioned by silting, the result of erosive and sedimentation processes. Changes were determined on the basis of comparison of current bottom relief obtained by field measurement (2011) with the bottom relief of 1855, that is over a period of 156-years. The changes in riparian zone ecosystems were stated for the period from 1949 to 2013, that is a 64-year period and were identified on the basis of analysis of aerial survey photos, orthophotomap and field research. At the same time, the paper presents possible measures for the management of the Belianska water reservoir and its riparian zone.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 2: 161-175.

 
  Diferencovaná kvalita vybraných fenoménů sociálního kapitálu v území: příklad vnitřní periferie ve středozápadních Čechách
Eva Vaňková 1)

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1)Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2. evka.manetin@seznam.cz


inner periphery, spatial polarization, social capital, potential for development, region of Manětín, Central West Bohemia

This paper presents current socio-geographical research into issues relating regional development in peripheral areas. This research increasingly focuses on human resources as a factor that significantly influences the development of these areas. In particular this means the potential for endogenous development, mobilization of local actors and the pro-active approach of actors, both from the public and private sectors. This paper empirically deals with the issue of social capital in the context of spatial polarization in the inner peripheries of Czechia. The aim of the research was to assess the role of quality and level of social capital in the process of spatial polarization or the influence on the peripherality and to analyse social capital using the example of the region of Manětín and also to assess the quality and potential of social capital for the development of this part of a larger inner periphery. The work is based on several assumptions and an additional effort was made to respond to the research questions. The research involved comparison and insertion into the broader context implemented on two scale-levels – in the broad area of inner periphery located in Central West Bohemia and the region of Manětín, which is consistently interpreted as the inner periphery. The broad territory was first evaluated using structural indicators and then a survey was carried out in the region of Manětín. The main conclusion of the research is that the internal development conditions, or potential for endogenous development and activation of local actors may vary significantly in peripheral regions with similar external conditions.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 2: 177-196.