Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Geografický časopis


Volume 66, 2014, No. 1

Content:


  Land cover changes in Slovakia 1990-2006 related to the distance from industrial areas and economic development
Ján Liga 1), František Petrovič 2), Martin Boltižiar 3)

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1)Matej Bel University Banská Bystrica, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Landscape and Regional Research, Cesta na amfiteáter 1, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. jan.liga@umb.sk
2)Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of ecology and environment, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 01 Nitra, Slovakia. fpetrovic@ukf.sk
3)Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of geography and regional development, Trieda A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra. mboltiziar@ukf.sk


land-cover changes, industrialization, Slovakia, landscape indices, buffer, Corine Land Cover

Changes of land cover in Slovakia around the industrialized patches were determined. We have used the available Corine Land Cover (CLC) maps from 1990 and 2006 in vector format converted to grid form with cell size of 5 × 5 m and the third level of CLC legend coding. To examine land cover changes in the closest vicinity of industrial patches two adjacent buffers with a width of 1 km around the extracted industrial patches were constructed. Changes in the area of landscape features were evaluated as the area percentage for each land cover class. We have calculated selected landscape indices of land cover for both time horizons using FRAGSTATS 3.3. Fourteen types of land cover changes were defined to analyse trends in the three landscape segments. Evaluation of the trends was carried out using the raster calculator module by the addition of raster layers of different periods. Comparison of the structure of land cover and changes in the close surroundings of industrial areas with those in remote landscape more than 10 km from these areas proved that the strongest trends in these areas are both, the extensification and intensification of agriculture and the afforestation. On the other hand, in remote landscape there is a predominance of afforestation over the intensification and extensification of agriculture. Trends of industrialization and urbanization have been declining in relation to the increasing distance from the industrial patches.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 1: 3-20.

 
  Vybrané prístupy k hodnoteniu dopravnej dostupnosti vo vzťahu k rozvoju cestovného ruchu
Daniel Michniak 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogmich@savba.sk


accessibility, distance, transport infrastructure, isochrones, direct public transport connections, potential, individual accessibility, tourism

Transport accessibility can be considered one of the most important factors for the development of tourism. This paper presents selected approaches to the study of accessibility in relation to the development of tourism, namely distance-based accessibility, isochrones-based accessibility, transport infrastructure-based accessibility, accessibility based on the direct public transport connections, potential accessibility, and individual accessibility. Each of these approaches has its advantages and disadvantages and their use depends on a particular problem. Evaluation of accessibility of a tourist region or centre in the best way requires combination of several approaches and use different methods of accessibility evaluation.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 1: 21-38.

 
  Dejiny geografie a jej vedecký status
Ján Paulov 1)

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1)Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, PríF UK, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. paulov@fns.uniba.sk


Key words: history of geography, scientific status of geography

The main objective of this paper is to try to describe briefly the change in the scientific status of geography in selected stages of its history since this topic has usually been omitted in various writings devoted to its history. Without taking into account this topic the history of geography would not be complete. The reasons why this topic is relevant consists, apart from other things in the fact that geography, before its methodological conversion in the middle of the 20th century, was not considered equivalent to other, mainly natural sciences, as to its intellectual and research (inquiring) level were concerned. The scientific status of geography is briefly described according to the following stages: Greek antiquity, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Enlightenment, second half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, second half of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century. The most influential stages, according to the author’s opinion, were: Enlightenment (geography of A. von Humboldt and C. Ritter) and the second half of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century (quantification, theoretization and spatial paradigm). In this last stage geography is becoming an authentic research (inquiring) discipline and is gradually approaching, according to its way of researching, the fundamental empirical sciences. history of geography, scientific status of geography

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 1: 39-47.

 
  Sociálno-demografické dimenzie postsocialistického mesta
Janetta Nestorová-Dická 1)

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1)Univerzita P. J. Šafárika, Košice, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. janetta.dicka@upjs.sk


socio-demographic intra-urban structure, social-ecology approach, factorial ecology

The socio-demographic dimensions of a city represent the biological, social, economic and cultural differentiation of population within the residential areas of the city. As the social dimension in terms of spatial differentiation cannot be directly observed by the field research, the multidimensional statistical methods – the approach of social ecology to intra-urban structures using factor ecology has been used to reveal it. The study aims to address the change of socio-demographic intra-urban structures of the city of Košice in the period of post-socialist transformation and the rise of globalization. The socio-demographic dimensions of the city are represented, with diverse proportion of total variance in residential structure, by different stages of life cycle, ethnicity, residential and socio-professional (socio-economic) features in two time horizons. The examined post-socialist transformation has considerably affected the dimensional composition of the city’s social space. The research has confirmed differentiation of the population in terms of social status, the relevance of population differentiation in socio-demographic intra-urban structures in terms of the family status or life cycle, and the emphasis on dimensions in terms of population ethnicity.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 1: 49-66.

 
  Analýza trhu s poľnohospodárskou pôdou na Slovensku na príklade okresov Dunajská Streda a Liptovský Mikuláš v kontexte transformačných procesov po roku 1989
Tibor Blažík 1), Vladimír Falťan 2), Tomáš Charvát 3), Ján Mlynarčík 4), Peter Spišiak 5)

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1)Prírodovedecká fakulta Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. blazik@fns.uniba.sk
2)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia. vladimir.faltan@fns.uniba.sk
3)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. charvat@fns.uniba.sk
4)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava.
5)Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie PF UK, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava. spisiak@fns.uniba.sk


market, farmland, transformational processes, econometric model, districts, Dunajská Streda, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia

The transformational changes after 1989 were reflected in many aspects of the life of our society. They also had a major impact on agricultural production, and affected the market in farmland and land use. The paper focuses on the analysis of farmland market trends in the Slovak Republic in the context of transformation processes with consideration of the districts of Dunajská Streda and Liptovský Mikuláš from 2001 to 2009. An econometric model was used to estimate different attributes which could influence the market price of the parcel. The model has proved the high level of importance of variables: sizes of parcel and population density of towns and villages.

Geografický časopis. Volume 66, 2014, No. 1: 67-85.