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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 45, 2013, No. 5

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recenzia:

 
  Vladimír Krivý, (ed.): Slovenské voľby ´12
Michal Pink

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 508-510.

 
  Miroslav Tížik: Náboženstvo vo verejnom živote na Slovensku. Zápas o ideový charakter štátu a spoločnosti
Lukáš Makovický

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 510-512.

 
  Zuzana Maďarová – Alexandra Ostertágová: Politika vylúčenia a emócií. Aspekty predvolebnej kampane 2012
Zuzana Očenášová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 513-516.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Prostorová analýza prezidentských voleb v České republice v roce 2013
Pavel Maškarinec

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Key words: Czech Republic; presidential elections; spatial analysis; spatial autocorre¬lation; Moran’s I statistic; LISA; spatial regression

Spatial Analysis of the 2013 Czech Presidential Elections. This article presents an analysis of the 2013 Czech presidential elections from the spatial analysis perspective. The main method applied for classifying the electoral results were spatial autocorrelation and spatial regression which play an important role in spatial statistics and spatial econometrics. First, the regionalisation of the presidential vote is measured to identify the specific regional clusters of votes; the global test (a Moran’s I statistic), and also local indicators of spatial association (a LISA statistic) are used. Secondly, the spatial regression is used to identify the key underlying factors explaining the spatial variation of the electoral results. The analysis proves an independent effect in the case of Morava macro-region for the territorial differences in voting decisions in the presidential elections, in contrast to the Czech parliamentary elections. On the other hand, in the case of the second analysed macro-region (formerly German-inhabited Sudetenland) no such independent effect is evident. Finally, after controlling for the impact of the spatial regimes, the independent effect of non-spatial indicators is analysed. The findings suggest that other factors, with independent effects to the electoral results, was largely easily interpretable. Their effect was largely similar to the impact of these indicators, which previous studies reported in the parliamentary elections, reflecting not only support of the strongest Czech political parties, but also, to a certain extent, the current form of the Czech party system cleavage structures. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45, (No. 5: 435-469)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 435-469.

 
  Význam podnikavosti a finančnej gramotnosti v socioekono¬mickom a osobnom rozvoji mladých ľudí v Slovenskej republike
Darina Orbánová, Ľudmila Velichová

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unemployment of young people; entrepreneurship; intrapreneruship; financial literacy; support programmes of entrepreneurship and financial literacy; business environment

Importance of Entrepreneurship and Financial Literacy in the Socio-Economic Prog¬ress and Personal Growth of Young People in the Slovak Republic. Entrepreneurial capacity of the economy is determined by the abilities and motivation of individuals to start business activity, as well as by positive social perceptions of the business. People are not born as entrepreneurs, but thanks to the social climate and a favourable business environment they are becoming ones. They live in the economics that is a part of the external environment; hence the living environment, which affects their behaviour. The means of implementation of economic behaviour are essential, thus questions of decision-making, selection process and the relationship between what people say and how they actually behave, as well as the purpose their behaviour leads to. The present society puts great emphasis on knowledge and ability to utilize its potential in practise. The issue of entrepreneurship training, supporting the spirit of enterprise, business potential, the related financial education and raising financial literacy are nowadays frequently discussed topics in our society. They are object of attention to the European institutions, governments, ministries and other institutions, as well as to providers of formal and informal education. Entrepreneurship education and financial literacy support are all-European and global trends that are also enforced in the Slovak Republic. The aim of all support activities is to teach young people, as early as in the process of learning, the ability to see business opportunities, to make use of them after graduation and to apply them in a business, to show them how to manage the risks and to help them to dispose of the necessary financial knowledge and skills. Contemporary theoretical approaches regard entrepreneurship and financial literacy of young people in wider context as important assumptions of individual success, personal initiative and autonomy of individuals, taking in consideration the indisputable role of business environment. Sociológia 2013, Vol 45 (No. 5: 470-488)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 470-488.

 
  Nevydaná encyklopédia. Pred päťdesiatimi piatimi rokmi začal proces proti Alexan-drovi Hirnerovi a jeho spolupracovníkom
Ľudovít Turčan

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political show trials; fifties; Czechoslovak Republic; processes with bourgeois nationalists in Slovakia; accusations of bourgeois objectivism; process with the sociologist Alexander Hirner

Unpublished Encyclopedia. The Process with Alexander Hirner and his Collaborators Started Fifty Five Years Ago. After the Second World War, in countries under the influence of the USSR including Czechoslovak Republic many politically motivated monumental processes were tried. Many of them began even after illegal actions had been revealed because of the personality cult of J.V. Stalin notwithstanding official party documents for remedial actions that were approved in the Czechoslovak Republic. Due to overall cultural sovietization, some branches of science among them also sociology were condemned in these ideological fights and called “bourgeois pseudoscience”. One of these monumental processes took place between 1958 and 1969 with one of the most influential Slovak sociologist Alexander Hirner and his colleagues. In this framed process, A. Hirner was condemned to a long imprisonment. He was declared by the court to be “the strongest and the most avowed enemy of the people's democratic order”, who can only be corrected after serving a long sentence. In 1969, the process war rendered null and void from its start and accusations to be fabricated. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 5: 489-507)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 5: 489-507.