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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review

Volume 45, 2013, No. 3English




  Konceptualizácia nízkokvalifikovanosti: nový prístup
Lucia Kureková, Corina Haita, Miroslav Beblavý

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low-skillness; structural change; qualifications; skills; categorization; measurement; public policy

Conceptualizing Low-Skillness: A New Approach. This study reviews conceptual and empirical literature studying low-skilled and proposes more comprehensive and dynamic conceptualization of low-skillness. Our work is based on analysing the sources of being and of becoming low-skilled by reviewing structural processes underlying changes in labour markets and their varied impact on the individuals of different characteristics. We suggest a broader conceptualization of low-skillness which surpasses the dominant qualification-based approach and measurement of low-skillness by the attained level of education. In addition to the typically included low-educated, our typology includes categories of workers who might be formally well-educated, experienced and trained but have been drawn into low-skillness as an outcome of structural forces or institutional barriers. A broader conceptualization and measurement of low-skillness can better reveal the variety of its causes and in turn allow designing better suited policies for economic and social integration. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 3: 247-266)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 3English: 247-266.

  Privatizace bytového fondu v ČR – případ path-dependence teorie?
Jan Sládek

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privatisation of housing; urban theory; post-communist countries; urban sociology

The Privatisation of State Housing Stock in the Czech Republic – a Path Dependent Process? This article aims at finding a theoretical and empirical explanation for the particular housing privatisation approach applied in the Czech Republic. The explanation pays special attention to inequalities in owner-occupied housing accessibility created by housing privatisation. In order to explain the process of housing privatisation, the article discusses theories of social change (transition, transformation and path dependence). The following qualitative empirical analysis of alternative theoretical explanations consists of thirteen semi-structured interviews with politicians, state officials, municipal experts and local citizen movements. In addition, the data from the interviews is commented with the use of data from public opinion about housing policy. In the conclusion, the author critically evaluates the usefulness of presented theories (especially path dependence) and states that the privatisation process should be explained as a transformation rather than a transition, with a specific role played by ideology. The analysis led to a conclusion that the consequences were unseen given the “ad-hoc” feature of policy decisions. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 3: 267-289)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 3English: 267-289.

  Vliv zaostřující události v procesu nastolování agendy: problém církevních restitucí – případová studie
Jan Váně, František Kalvas

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focusing event; agenda setting; quantitative-survey; quantitative-content analysis

The Agenda-Setting Effect of Focusing Events: A Case Study of the Church Restitutions Issue. We examine the role of media coverage of events in the process of public agenda setting. We define focusing events according to Kingdon (1995) as events that call attention to problems and issues. Scholars have introduced several typologies of media coverage in the long tradition of agenda-setting research. However, no previous work has examined the differing effects of news items exclusively in terms of (a) issues, (b) a focusing event, and (c) both an issue and a respective focusing event. Our research question is: “Does a focusing event strengthen the effect of a news item by setting the personal agendas of members of the public?” To answer the question, we chose the cognitive portrait research design and used individual data to study the issue (see the Acapulco typology, McCombs 2004) of Church property restitutions in the Czech Republic. Our focusing event is the St. Vitus Cathedral trial. We use data from a weekly panel survey of the events deemed most important by respondents between April and May 2008. We combine these panel data with the results of a content analysis that monitored the total number of news items referring to Church restitutions and the St. Vitus Cathedral trial (Vinopal 2009). Our results show that the coverage of a focusing event has a significant positive effect on setting the respective issue as a personal agenda, but the coverage of a focusing event is unable to influence the agenda-setting process on its own. A focusing event must be contextualized (i.e., mentioned in the same text as the issue) to affect a recipient’s personal agenda. We suggest carefully distinguishing between the coverage of mere issues and contextualized coverage of a respective focusing event in future agenda-setting research. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 3: 290-315)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 3English: 290-315.

  Nástupníctvo v rodinných firmách v stredomorskej oblasti Slovinska
Andreja Borec, Zarja Bohak, Jernej Turk, Jernej Prišenk

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family farms; farm succession; multi-attribute decision model; DEX methodology

The Succession Status of Family Farms in the Mediterranean Region of Slovenia. Family farm succession is a complex process in which the farm family plans the transfer of knowledge, labour, skills, management and ownership of the farm business from the parental to the next generation. By developing a multi-attribute decision model, 40 family farms from the Mediterranean region of Slovenia were evaluated regarding their succession status in order to relate two issues: family farm succession and multi-attribute decision modelling. The multi-attribute decision model was developed by using the DEX method, an expert system shell for multi-attribute decision modelling and support. The family farms’ data, applied to the model, is part of the study where the standardized questionnaire was used. The results show that the majority of farms have good possibilities for a “smooth” succession process and future survival. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 3: 316-337)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 3English: 316-337.