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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Krivý, Vladimír (ed.): Slovak Elections ´12
Michal Pink

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 603-605.

 
 

review:

 
  Tížik, Miroslav: Náboženstvo vo verejnom živote na Slovensku. Zápas o ideový charakter štátu a spoločnosti
Lukáš Makovický

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 605-608.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  The Potential of International Student Assessments to Measure Educational Outcomes of Roma Students
Christian Brüggemann, Simone Bloem

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Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA); education indicators; EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies; Decade of Roma Inclusion; Roma education

The Potential of International Student Assessments to Measure Educational Outcomes of Roma Students. This article explores the potential of international student assessments to measure learning outcomes of Roma students, taking PISA 2009 as example. We find that even though many countries with considerable Roma minorities participated in PISA, Slovakia is the only country that has collected a sufficient large amount of data about Romani-speaking students. Drawing on household surveys, we discuss possible reasons for the underrepresentation of Roma students in international assessments. Furthermore, we disaggregate PISA 2009 data in order to compare learning outcomes between Romani-speaking students and their Slovak- and Hungarian-speaking peers. Results point to multiple disadvantages of Romani-speaking students with regard to pre-school participation, school entry, grade repetition and learning outcomes. Finally, we discuss options to improve the analysis of learning outcomes of Roma students. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 6: )

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 519-541.

 
  The Universalisation of Upper Secondary Education in Germany: Lessons for Tertiary Education?
Anna-Elisabeth Thum, Galina Potjagailo, Marcela Veselková

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education policy; educational attainment; political economy of education; educational time series data

The Universalisation of Upper Secondary Education in Germany: Lessons for Tertiary Education? The expansion of tertiary education is high on the political agenda in the European Union. In this paper we analyse a necessary ingredient for the expansion of tertiary education – the universalisation of upper secondary education – in order to draw lessons for the expansion of tertiary education by analogy. We examine speed, differentiation and drivers of this universalisation in Germany and compare our findings with the experiences in the Czech and Slovak Republics in order to demonstrate more general trends in educational policies in Europe. We find that the speed of universalisation depends on whether a country is a forerunner or a laggard. General tracks expanded more than vocational tracks; in Germany the two tracks complement one another. Finally we find that conflicting interest groups hampered serious reforms in Germany until the first PISA tests in 2000 placed its students well below the average among OECD countries for literacy and numeracy. Reforms introduced in the last decades, however – driven by internationalisation – are likely to lead to a further expansion of tertiary education both in Germany and in what is today the Slovak and Czech Republics. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 6: 542-565)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 542-565.

 
  Willingness to Pay for Climate Friendly Energy in Romania. A Sociological Approach
Laura Nistor

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climate change; energy; contingent valuation; Romania

Willingness to Pay for Climate Friendly Energy in Romania. A Sociological Approach. In this paper I intend to focus on the individuals’ choices with the aim of establishing those micro-level factors which significantly increase the likelihood of financial support for climate change mitigation in the case of Romania. The analysis builds on the databases of the 2008 and 2009 Special Eurobarometers on Europeans’ attitudes towards climate change. The dependent variable is the willingness to pay for climate friendly energy (i.e. for energy produced from sources which generate less greenhouse emissions), used firstly in the form of a binary variable (yes vs. no) and subsequently in such a way as to indicate the degree of financial support (if yes, how much respondents are willing to pay). Results suggest that in both 2008 and 2009, appreciatively one third of the Romanian respondents declared willingness to pay for climate friendly energy which is significantly below the European average. Moreover, Romania provides one of the highest percentages of indecisive respondents. Statistical models underscore the fact that in-principle willingness to pay is determined by climate-change attitudes, education and age, while income plays only a marginal role. On the other hand, the proclivity to invest higher amounts of money in clean energy is dramatically dependent on the respondents’ income and illustrates the relevance of the economic model in explaining the willingness to pay. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 6: 566-588)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 566-588.

 
 

study:

 
  Exkurz o cudzincovi v kontexte Simmelovej sociológie priestoru
Marko Škoric, Aleksej Kišjuhas, Jovana Škoric

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Georg Simmel; sociology of space; the stranger; the marginal man; social distance

"Excursus on the Stranger" in the Context of Simmel’s Sociology of Space. “Excursus on the Stranger” by Georg Simmel is a popular classical sociological text, whereas the stranger as a social type is one of the best known concepts of classical sociology. This paper claims that common sociological interpretations of this concept greatly ignore the context of Simmel’s text and his thoughts, thus missing the essence of his idea. This is due to the fact that Simmel wrote about the stranger in the context of his sociology of space, which is a relatively unknown feature of his thought. We discuss significant features of Simmel’s sociology of space, and present a reconceptualization of the stranger within this context. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 6: 589-602)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 6English: 589-602.