Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Geografický časopis


Volume 65, 2013, No. 1

Content:


  Regionálna nerovnomernosť vybraných demografických javov v Európskej únii
Pavol Ďurček 1), Branislav Bleha 2)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, pavilón CH1-B1, 842 15 Bratislava. durcek@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Mlynská dolina, pavilón CH1-B1, 842 15 Bratislava. bleha@fns.uniba.sk


demographic indicators, spatial scale, relative geographic inequality, Theil index, European Union

The paper focuses on the geographical dimension of demographic inequalities within the contemporary European Union member states and the NUTS-II regions. Five demographic indicators have been selected in order to introduce the geographical dimension to the study of relative regional inequalities. Among others, the Theil index as the indicator of spatial entropy has been primarily used. The comprehensive decomposition of the Theil index into inter-regional and intra-regional components has been tested in order to identify which of them are more influenced by the interregional and intra-regional factors, respectively.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 1: 3-22.

 
  Flood risk assessment and management: review of concepts, definitions and methods
Ľubomír Solín 1), Peter Skubinčan 2)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.
2)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. geogskub@savba.sk


flood hazard, flood risk, vulnerability, flood risk management, multicriterion decision analysis

The article brings a brief overview of the current concepts, definitions and methods of flood risk assessment and management. The modern concept of flood risk assessment is based on combination of flood hazard, probability and potential negative consequences of floods for human health, economic activities, the environment and cultural heritage. An assessment of flood hazard is focused on the estimate of annual maximum discharges for different nonexceedance probabilities and establishment of the corresponding flooding area and specific parameters of flood (water level, flow velocity, etc.). Analysis of expected negative consequences of floods is based on the concept of vulnerability of social, economic and environmental systems. Methodological aspects of hazard dependent vulnerability and hazard independent vulnerability assessment are also briefly outlined. Two approaches are analysed for optimal methodology combining flood hazard and vulnerability. The first expresses the absolute flood risk by the value of the overall average annual damage. The second lies in expression of flood risk in a relative way by an ordinal scale. The integrated flood management is based on the mix of strategy to reduce flooding, strategy to reduce vulnerability to floods and strategy to mitigate the negative consequences.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 1: 23-44.

 
  Příspěvek k rozvojové geografii – srovnávací studie Bhútánu, Haiti a Rwandy
Pavel Nováček 1)

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1)Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra rozvojových studií, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Česká republika. pavel.novacek@upol.cz


development geography, development studies, geographical and environmental factors, culturological determinism, Bhutan, Haiti, Rwanda

The aim of this article was to consider some points of contact between development geography and the development studies. Development geography is a branch of geography so far not cultivated in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic although a number of authors abroad are involved with the geographical aspects of the development aid albeit under different terms (for instance, geographies of generosity or geographies of responsibility). Development studies is an interdisciplinary branch, which deals with the issue of poor and underprivileged territories. Three principal theories trying to explain why some countries and regions are developed and other are not, are briefly mentioned. These are dependence theory, the effects of geographical and environmental factors and culturological determinism. Selected aspects of future development and outlooks for prosperity are discussed applying examples of three such countries from three different continents with comparable population and area. In the conclusion, two so far ignored factors of development that deserve attention – care for the public space and future-oriented thinking – are mentioned.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 1: 45-60.

 
  Hydromorfologický prieskum Váhu ako nástroj pre manažment vodných tokov na Slovensku
Lenka Ansted 1), Dušan Barabas 2)

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1)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie, geológie a krajinnej ekológie, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. lenka.anstead@gmail.com
2)Univerzita P. J. Šafárika, Fakulta prírodných vied, Ústav geografie, Jesenná 5, 040 01 Košice. dusbarabas@gmail.com


river survey, river corridor, hydromorphological unit, ecological value, riparian vegetation, the River Váh

The characterization of the physical structure and the quality of a habitat is becoming more important in the environmental planning and management of rivers. The Water Framework Directive which views morphology as a basic component of rivers, requires that the EU member states evaluate hydromorphological quality as a part of the ecological assessment of their water bodies. The purpose of this paper is to assess the natural conditions on the River Váh in the upper Liptov region by means of hydromorphological and botanical survey of the river corridor and to contribute to its conservation and restoration. The results – more than 20 detailed maps, field records and photographs – give a precise and timely picture of the river channel’s natural condition and its morphological features, including information about the abundance of trees and shrubs, but also a list of the sources of pollution and illegal waste dumps and the localities with invasive plant species. This information not only assists as a resource for any further research on fluvial processes, but it is also an important part of any environmental planning and management process, whether it is a structural engineering, revitalization or a conservation project.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 1: 61-82.

 
  Genius loci vo vzťahu k strachu zo zločinnosti na príklade postsocialistického sídliska
Linda Stasíková 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV , Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava. linda.stasikova@savba.sk


genius loci, crime, fear of crime, places of fear, safe places, post-socialist housing estate, Petržalka

Each locality is characterized by unique features or events, which, if they dominate, become symbols and principal characteristics of the place, as they become the genius loci. Two types of genius loci are discerned in this study: a material/visual and a symbolic one. Both determine the decision-making processes of humans, their preferences or movement in space. Examination of crime and fear of crime in relation to genius loci offers a wide range of views that reflect the opinion and the subconsciousness of the population. The post-socialist housing estate of Petržalka in Bratislava is often mistaken for an urban district with a low quality of life also due to the crime rate. It is a suitable example how the symbolic genius loci existing in the minds of Bratislava’s population, may differ from the real appearance and character both in terms of visual aspects and crime rate. In the conducted survey 308 Bratislava inhabitants were asked by means of questionnaires about how safe they feel in Petržalka. They were supposed to identify the safest and the least safe localities of the housing estate. The enquiry also pointed to the differentiated opinion when people considered some localities ideal while other people viewed the same localities as the most dangerous. An attempt was made to classify this difference in opinion into a typology of places of fear and places of confidence in the post-socialist housing estate.

Geografický časopis. Volume 65, 2013, No. 1: 83-101.