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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review

Volume 45, 2013, No. 2




  Lemke, Thomas: Foucault Governmentality and Critique
Tomáš Profant

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 229-234.

  Boudon, Raymond: Bída relativismu
Marek Loužek

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 235-239.

  Bourdieu, Pierre: Sociologické hledání sebe sama
Miroslav Tížik

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 239-244.



  Modernizace, hodnotová změna a přímá demokracie
Tomáš Dvořák

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direct democracy; referendum; EU enlargement; modernization

Modernization Process, Value Change and Direct Democracy. The article studies the hypothesis that the evolution of new forms of participative democracy is associated with the modernization process and the value change which occurred during the second half of the 20th century. According to Ronald Inglehart’s theory of post-material values, the modernization process should increase citizens’ autonomy, education and cognitive skills and, in turn, help advance new forms of democracy. Based on the case of EU accession referendums in five Central and Eastern European countries, it is studied who participated in those referendums and which (primarily socio-demographic) factors influenced that participation. According to Inglehart’s theory (and related hypotheses), alternative/direct forms of participation should mobilize young generations, and an important role should be played by factors such as high education or increasingly critical attitudes towards representative democracy. The results of the analysis did not confirm this hypothesis. The analysis showed that direct democracy mobilizes those citizens who have participated in representative elections in the past and are generally more interested in politics. The hypothesis that young people should be more likely to participate in referendums was rejected as well. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 2: 107-127)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 107-127.

  Zaměstnatelnost skupin ohrožených nezaměstnaností na sou¬časných trzích práce
Markéta Horáková, Pavel Horák

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disadvantaged groups of unemployed; employability; human and social capital; adaptability; flexibility; career identity

Employability of Groups at Risk of Unemployment in the Current Labor Market. This paper presents employability concept enabling in schematic appearance decision-makers in field of educational and labour market policy could be able to identify and solute particular problem areas of disadvantaged groups of unemployed. With help of relevant domestic and foreign literature we denote existing employability definitions and consensual and conflict theories of employability. In the end we put forward our own scheme consisting of four key dimensions of employability that we apply for different kinds of disadvantaged groups. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 2: 128-149)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 128-149.

  Víceoborovost v historické sociologii
Jan Kalenda

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multidisciplinarity; transdisciplinarity; interdisciplinarity; historical sociology; social theory; research program

Multidisciplinarity in Historical Sociology. This paper is dedicated to examining the multidisciplinary nature of contemporary historical sociology. First, the text discusses how multidisciplinarity is understood in the field. In particular, to what extent historical sociology can be considered to be an interdisciplinary field, and, by contrast, how much it is dominated by other forms of interdisciplinary cooperation – transdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity. While the first part of the study focuses on the elaboration of multidisciplinary issues in the context of the development of the social sciences, the second part of the text focuses on the main types of multi-disciplinarity. The dominant conception of the multidisciplinary approach in modern historical sociology is illustrated by using the example of seven major publications. On this basis we would like to argue that: (1) researchers in this field of research have not yet explicitly addressed the delimitation of the multidisciplinary nature of their discipline, (2) the concept of historical sociology presented does not correspond with the concept of interdisciplinarity, (3) multidisciplinarity in historical sociology varies between multidiscipli¬narity and transdisciplinarity. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No 2: 150-171)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 150-171.

  Násilie a agresia voči sestrám pri výkone povolania
Martina Lepiešová, Mária Nemčeková

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nursing; violence against nurses; prevalence of patients' aggression

Violence and Aggression Against Nurses in their Professional Practice. Violence and aggression against nurses in their professional practice has become serious problem of contemporary clinical nursing practice. In the conditions of Slovakia database concerning the extent of this problem is insufficient. The main purpose of this study was to explore the problem of violence and aggression against nurses in Slovak conditions' context of clinical nursing practice particularly with the stress on violence against nurses perpetrated by the patients. We had used the method of questionnaire – the scales of own construction. The research sample consisted of the nurses from clinical nursing practice of selected hospitals in Žilina region. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 2: 172-194)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 172-194.

  Volební účast a její determinanty ve starých a nových demokraciích Evropy
Michal Nový

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voter turnout; macro-level explanation; societal modernization theory; institutionalism; post-communist Europe

Voter Turnout and its Determinants in Old and New European Democracies. Despite more than twenty years of freedom is voter turnout in successfully democratized post-communist countries far below the average of West European Democracies. In this study, I try to show that the role of national context is crucial for strengthening or inhibiting voting participation. This article handles with two macro-theories, societal modernization theory and institutionalism. These ordinary approaches generally assume that more advanced communities offering stronger positive institutional incentives will have higher rate of political involvement. Based on these theories, nine possible determinants which can affect turnout were chosen – human development, non-agrarian population, urbanization, parliamentarism, direct vote of the president, closeness, electoral system proportionality, population size and compulsory voting. Moreover, my study supplements classical theories with factor of postcommunism. It emphasizes that communist legacy per se brings important condition for (non-)participation. The principal objective of this article is to trace the importance of postcommunism compared with other factors which can cause differences in aggregate voter participation among European democracies and to demonstrate that postcommunism works as some kind of condition for certain factors – it can change their intensity and direction. I examine turnout in 213 national lower house elections held in 36 European countries. Regression analysis enriched by interaction effects is used to estimate the explanatory model. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 2: 195-228)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 2: 195-228.