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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 45, 2013, No. 1

Content:


 

nekrológ:

 
  Za prof. Jiřím Musilom
Peter Gajdoš

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 89-91.

 
 

recenzia:

 
  Európsky sociálny fond a Rómovia na Slovensku. Zistenia z analýzy pro¬jektov ESF zameraných na zamestnanosť a sociálnu inklúziu v programo¬vacom období 2007 – 2013; Evalvácia efektivity a dopadov projektov zameraných na riešenie proble¬matiky marginalizo
Daniel Škobla

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 92-97.

 
  Vido, Roman: Konec velkého vyprávění? Sekularizace v sociologické per¬spektivě
Jan Kalenda

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 97-101.

 
  Macháček, Ladislav: Ako sa máte Maďari na Slovensku?
Viktória Botošová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 101-104.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Nové podoby sexuality, občianstva, noriem a reprodukcie: svet a Slovensko
Gabriel Bianchi

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Democracy; intimacy; sexuality; reproduction; politics

New Shapes of Sexuality, Citizenship, Norms and Reproduction: The World and Slovakia. During the rapid social change period from totalitarian to globalized-capitalist society, intimacy and sexuality are undergoing a process of de-tabooing, particularization, and emancipation from social institutions to which they were bound. Sexuality and intimacy enter the social and political arena with new ambitions and requirements, thus articulating requests for intimate and sexual citizenship of various minorities. The overall political environment is, however, characterized by ignorance of these topics by political elites, sexuality moreover becomes a political commodity. The risks of underestimating importance of sexuality is highlighted by the direct link of sexuality to reproduction. The study focuses on global trends in the (r)evolution of sexuality and its contradictions, transformation of norms related to sexuality, emergence of new concepts concerning sexuality and citizenship. After a critical analysis of the current reflection of sexual health in Slovakia it offers suggestions of necessary conditions for a positive transformation of sexual health in Slovakia. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 1: 5-26)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 5-26.

 
  Čeští sociologové v počátcích slovenské sociologie
Zdeněk R. Nešpor

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Czech sociology; Slovak sociology; history of sociology

Czech Sociologists in the Beginnings of Slovak Sociology. The author analyses institutional beginning of Slovak sociology, which was very much influenced by Czech scholars. Earlier, somewhat amateur attempts at establishing a particular Slovak sociological tradition, associated mainly with Ján Lajčiak, were singularly unsuccessful, while members of the so-called Hlas movement (“Hlasists”), who followed Masaryk in the pre-First World War period, preferred politics to academic sociology in the interwar years. Slovak sociology was thus initially represented by Czech scholars employed in Bratislava (Josef Král, Otakar Machotka and Bedřich Vašek) who taught the first Slovak sociologists Peter Gula and Alexander Hirner until the split of Czechoslovakia in 1939. A new Slovak sociological tradition (sociography) was established by former politician with sociological interests Anton Štefánek in the late 1930s and 1940s at which time he remained the only professor of sociology in the Slovak Republic. Although Gula and Hirner were closer to the Prague sociological school and the older Štefánek to the Brno sociological school, there were no significant clashes between these Slovak sociologists and they eventually created their own sociological tradition, separate from Czech sociology, during the 1940s. It had two centres, which differed theoretically and methodologically, one in Bratislava (Štefánek and his followers including Ignác Gašparec) and another in Martin (Peter Gula, Alexander Hirner). Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 1: 27-47)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 27-47.

 
  Transpozícia v nových členských krajinách EÚ
Katarína Staroňová, Marián Kišďurka

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transposition; directive; institutional capacity, executive coordination, worlds of compliance, new member states, EU

Transposition in New Member States of the EU. Annually each member state has to pass a number of domestic legislation transposing EU directives into national legal system. The extent of timely and correct enforcement of EU laws influences the operation of the Single European Market. Despite this fact there are enormous differences between the member countries in the way how they fulfill their transposition obligations. Some governments are doing well, some are lagging behind. The study presented in this article looks at the analyses of timely and correct transposition in six new member states : Czech republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. The study looks at various factors derived from theories of goodness of (mis)fit, political preferences, administrative capacity and world of compliance to explain the variation in transposition performance. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 1: 48-70)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 48-70.

 
  Hlavné etapy formovania systému politických strán na Slovensku po roku 1989
Dušan Leška

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cleavaage structure; political parties; social class; system of political parties

The Main Phases of the Formation of System of Political Parties in Slovakia After 1989. Evolution, crystallization of political parties and the nature of the party system play a major role in functioning of the political system as such, character of democracy and life. It especially concerns the post-communist states after the fall of the totalitarian regime, which were forced to deal with complex and interlaced questions of economy, law, politics and social structure. The analysis about the development of Slovakia is based on “proved“ methodological tools, such as the theory of cleavages (S. Rokkan and S. M. Lipset) and theory of party systems (G. Sartori and J. Blondel). Nevertheless, these methods were formulated in the context of developed states of Western and Northern Europe, thus they cannot be automatically applied to the conditions of Central and Eastern European states, whose specificity was that they went through the stage of transition and transformation of economy. Our hypothesis is that these concepts can be effectively used in the analysis of Slovakian development; however, they cannot be used mechanically, but in a certain creative way which takes into account the specific conditions of the region. This approach can bring relevant theoretical conclusions and enrich the concepts through new conclusion. According to the survey, social groups, which differ with their values, attitudes and life-style, are formed during the economic transformation and after its completion their social identity starts to formulate and also the interconnectedness with political parties appears, what can help to stabilize the party system in Slovakia. Sociológia 2013, Vol. 45 (No. 1: 71-88)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 45, 2013, No. 1: 71-88.