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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review

Volume 44, 2012, No. 5




  Editorial k monotematickému číslu o Maxovi Weberovi
Dilbar Alieva

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 511-512.



  Za Miloslavom Petruskom
Vladimír Krivý, Martin Bútora

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 638-648.



  Weberov prínos k sociológii každodennosti
Dilbar Alieva

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Max Weber; E. T. A. Hoffmann; sociology of everyday life; sociology of religion; Protestant ethics; charisma; traditionalism; process of rationalization

Weber’s Contribution to the Sociology of Everydayness. In despite of the fact that Max Weber has not elaborated a coherent theoretical conception of everyday life, his contribution to the crystallisation of this sociological subdiscipline is very significant. This paper is an attempt to reconstruct Weber’s sociology of everyday life by using his own considerations, which are dispersed throughout his works. He begins with the dichotomy of everydayness and non-everydayness, which was developed long ago by the representatives of German romanticism (Novalis, Tieck, Brentano, E. T. A. Hoffmann). But unlike them, Weber considers non-everyday phenomena as extraordinary psychical states of a charismatic nature (ecstatic, mystic, hysterical, orgiastic, visionary), which are mainly associated with religion. Everydayness, however, is mainly linked to economic aspects of ordinary life. Unlike an ethnographical approach, which would propose the descriptions of various aspects of everyday life, Weber concentrates on its metaphysical and religious foundations. It seems that the matrix of metaphysical meanings is more important for him than the traditional temporal distinction between ordinary and extraordinary days. Non-everydayness embodies the sacred, just as everydayness represents the profane. According to Weber, this antinomy may be overcome by the method of active asceticism, which we find in the Protestant ethic. It supports the economic activity of the representatives of the middle classes. Their efforts contribute to the creation of everydayness, which successively gets rid of the non-everyday elements in the form of contemplative, orgiastic, and ecstatic religiosity. Therefore everyday life emerges from non-everydayness as a consequence of the long process of rationalization that was developed at the Occident. Thus the sociology of everyday life by Weber appears as a derivation of the sociology of religion. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 513-547)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 513-547.

  Max Weber jako klasik civilizační analýzy: komparativní pohledy na souhru kultury a moci
Johann Arnason

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Elias; Eisenstadt; Nelson; Weber; civilization; culture; power; legitimacy

Max Weber as a Classic of Civilizational Analysis – Comparative Approaches to the Interplay of Culture and Power. Two versions of the civilizational approach are represented in contemporary social theory. One of them, identified with Norbert Elias and his disciples, focuses on the idea of the civilizing process, understood as a transformation of power structures and a corresponding reorganization of individual conduct. The other, most systematically developed by S. N. Eisenstadt, stresses the plurality of civilizational patterns and the need for comparative analysis. Here the main emphasis is on cultural interpretations of the world and their intertwining with social structures. Both these paradigms draw on Weber's legacy, the first on his problematic of rationalization and the second on the idea of cultural worlds. The aim of this essay is to examine more closely the importance of Weber's work for civilizational analysis, particularly for Eisenstadt's version of it, but with a view to integrating some aspects of Eliasian’s. For this purpose, Benajmin Nelson's interpretation of Weber is discussed; Nelson was the first author to combine a civilizational turn in social theory with a close reading of Weber's key texts. His emphasis on structures of consciousness, understood as cultural patterns, is taken as a key to Weber's writings on the cultural premises of politics, with particular emphasis on the theory of legitimacy. A neglected topic of the latter, the question of sacred rulership, is shown to be particularly important for comparative studies. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 548-563)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 548-563.

  „Odkouzlení“ versus sekularizace?!
Miloš Havelka

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Entzauberung; secularisation; science; bifurcation/Entzweiung; reason

′Elimination of Magic' (Entzauberung) versus Secularisation?! In the context of the constitutive antinomy of German intellectual life at the end of 19th century and the bifurcation of subject and object, this essay attempts to reconstruct the original intentions of Weber’s concept of Entzauberung (elimination of magical powers) of life and the world. It shows the weaknesses of a one-dimensional identification of the term Entzauberung with secularisation. It argues that it was not Weber’s aim to capture the cultural and social processes of the de-religionalization of both the public and private sphere, or the process of the expulsion of belief from everyday life. On the contrary, he strove to critically interpret the social and cultural consequences of the development of science and an increasing rationalization of life. There were two consequences, according to Weber. First, religiosity and belief changed in relation to the privatization and subjectification of traditional values (such as good, beauty, hope, etc.) which brought an increased danger in that these values can be externally manipulated. Second, various forms of “religious” ideologies were produced and resurrected. From this perspective, Entzauberung is a phenomenon parallel to secularisation, and not one of its forms. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 564-578)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 564-578.

  Nadvláda účelové racionality? K interpretacím Weberovy typologie jednání
Marek Skovajsa

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action theory in sociology; means-ends rationality; value rationality; Max Weber; Talcott Parsons

Is Means-Ends Rationality Dominant? On some Interpretations of Weber‘s Typology of Action. This article discusses various attempts in the Weber literature to reconstruct the logic underlying Weber’s typology of social action and concludes that means-ends rationality enjoys only what has been called a heuristic primacy over other types (Wolfgang Schluchter). The article rejects the claims that value rationality is not a form of rationality or is just a defective form of means-ends rationality. It explores the relationships between subjective types of rationality and objective structures of rationality and concludes that many interpretations under scrutiny here have identified these relationships incorrectly. It is argued that formal rationality cannot be identified with means-ends rationality, nor substantive rationality with value rationality. The drawbacks of taking Weber’s statements regarding the priority of means-ends rationality in a substantive sense rather than as a heuristic device are demonstrated on two important interpretations that distort means-ends rationality in Weber: Parsons’ 1937 The Structure of Social Action and Jeffrey Alexander’s 1983 Theoretical Logic in Sociology. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 579-602)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 579-602.

  Náboženství Indie v pojetí Maxe Webera a současná postkoloniální kritika
Dušan Lužný

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Religions of India in the understanding of Max Weber and contemporary postcolonial criticism. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate historically conditioned context of Weber's analysis of “religion of India”. Weber and his work is part of orientalistic discourse – Weber assumes then Western image of India, and reproduces and incorporates this image into sociological thinking. This text focuses on some elements of this image: caste system as the most important element of Hinduism, confidence to sacred texts and secret sexualism as opposite of noble official religion of intellectual elite. These stereotypes have helped the defence of notion of European exceptionalism, by which other cultures may not develop modern capitalism as the base of modernity. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 602-620)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 602-620.

  Max Weber a sociológia práva
Silvia Capíková

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Max Weber; sociology of law; law and rationalization; law and social change; legal profession

Max Weber and the Sociology of Law. This article focuses on the sociology of law in the work of Max Weber, and some problems related to its reception in legal thinking. As a social and legal thinker, Weber had long been stigmatized as a representative of “bourgeois pseudo-science“ in Slovakia and his original works on the sociology of law were unavailable for decades. Thus, the reception of his sociology of law suffers due to this discontinuity. An analysis of Weber’s sociology of law can divide his ideas in two categories: 1. law and social statics, including social structure and related issues, 2. law and social dynamics, including actors of societal changes. This paper stresses two key problem fields in his sociology of law: 1. the reflection of extralegal factors in the content of law and 2. the formalization of the social role of participants in legal relations by means of the construction of “legal status.“ The author claims that focusing on these two topics, together with the concept of rationalization, can broaden our contemporary knowledge about law and society. Sociológia 2012, Vol. 44 (No. 5: 621-637)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 44, 2012, No. 5: 621-637.