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Geografický časopis

Volume 64, 2012, No. 1


Socio–economic changes in Lodz– the results of twenty years of system transformation.
Waldemar Cudny 1)

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1)Uniwersytet Łódzki, Filia w Tomaszowie Mazowieckim, ul. Konstytucji 3 maja 65/67, 97-200 Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Poland. ,

Lodz, Poland, socio-economic changes, system transformation

The author’s main aim is to define the most important demographic, social, economic and functional changes which took place in Lodzas a result of the political and economic transformation in Poland after 1989. The article is based on the statistical data obtained from the Central Statistical Office (Główny Urząd Statystyczny – GUS), as well as on the materials and information gathered at Lodz institutions and firms. The author shows that the transformation led to a serious demographic crisis in Lodzand, consequently, to a strong depopulation of the city. The transformation also affected elements of the social structure, such as education. After 1989, the city started to suffer from mass unemployment. The predominant functions changed as well; processes of deindustrialization and function succession are evident. The structure of industry changed considerably, as did the ownership system; services developed. At the end of the article the author presents a synthetic model of the socio-economic transformations in Lodz, as well as the development prospects for the city.

How to cite (APA format):
Cudny, W. (2012). Socio–economic changes in Lodz– the results of twenty years of system transformation. Geografický časopis, 64(1), 3-27.

Geoekologický výskum a geoekologická databáza (na príklade katastrálneho územia obce Kolinovce).
Vladimír Čech 1), Lucia Kunáková 1)

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1)Prešovská univerzita v Prešove, Fakulta humanitných a prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Ulica 17. novembra 1, 081 16 Prešov.

geoecological complex, geoecological map, geoecological database, research point

Comprehensive positional analysis and synthesis at the research point (geograp-hical point, tessera, key surface) was used as a leading method. Known as the German-Swiss method, it is implemented in an inductive way – it means small (elementary) areas are demarcated first and then they are grouped into units on a higher taxonomic level pursuing the selected criterion. Characterization of the geoecological research in the cadastral area of the village of Kolinovce with the scale 1:10 000 and a short analysis of the outcomes (primary geoeco-logical map, geoecological database, comparison with taken analytical materials) is the aim of the article.

How to cite (APA format):
Čech, V, Kunáková, L. (2012). Geoekologický výskum a geoekologická databáza (na príklade katastrálneho územia obce Kolinovce). Geografický časopis, 64(1), 29-46.

Čo je “nová ekonomická geografia?” Pokus o stručnú charakteristiku.
Ján Paulov 1)

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1)Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, PríF UK, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.

new economic geography, agglomeration, circular causation

The basic objective of this paper is to give a brief description of the “new economic geography” (NEG) since this topic has not yet been specifically discussed in Slovak geography. According to many views the NEG is aimed at giving a new scientific basis to the spatial organization of society, specifically the rise of large scale industrial agglomerations in terms of mainstream economics. The following concepts are considered to be the basic ones: increasing returns to scale, monopolistic competition, and financial externalities. The basic mechanism “responsible” for the rise of agglomeration is circular causation, what means that the growth of agglomeration generates its further growth. Agglomeration thus arises from its own forces as a product of selforganization.

How to cite (APA format):
Paulov, J. (2012). Čo je “nová ekonomická geografia?” Pokus o stručnú charakteristiku. Geografický časopis, 64(1), 47-54.

Analýza sucha v krajine ako príklad využitia simulačných modelov v geografii.
Rastislav Skalský 1), Martina Nováková 1), Monika Mišková 1)

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1)Výskumný ústav pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy, Gagarinova 10, 827 13 Bratislava.

Key words: landscape modelling, soil-plant-atmosphere system simulation mo-dels, modelling system, geographical sphere model, landscape synthesis

The soil-plant-atmosphere system simulation models can produce information on various processes in the landscape. The modelling system comprising the national geographical data on climate and soil, data on spring barley, and WOFOST model are presented here. The modelling system was applied to produce a time series of soil drought data for Slovakia. Simple data interpretation was done. On the basis of the results, the methodological principles of the approach, which compare well with the existing concepts of geographical modelling – theoretical model of geographical sphere and ideas of landscape synthesis are discussed. The conclusion is that the presented methodological approach is a useful way of geographical analysis of landscape.

How to cite (APA format):
Skalský, R, Nováková, M, Mišková, M. (2012). Analýza sucha v krajine ako príklad využitia simulačných modelov v geografii. Geografický časopis, 64(1), 55-69.

Eye-tracking a jeho využití při hodnocení map.
Stanislav Popelka 1), Alžběta Brychtová 1), Vít Voženílek 2)

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1)Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra geoinformatiky, Třída Svobody 26, Olomouc, Česká republika.
2)Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Katedra geoinformatiky, Tř. Svobody 26, 771 46 Olomouc, Česká Republika.

eye tracking, eye-movement, usability studies, cartography, assessment

The article describes possibilities of using eye-tracking technology to evaluate user perception and cognition of maps and other cartographic methods of geographical data visualization. The introduction briefly depicts the usability study, domains where it can be used and what methods of usability studies exist. Furthermore, the contribution examines in detail the most objective of these techniques – the eye tracking, a technology for precise determination of the monitored user’s gaze, duration of their fixations and transitions between them, etc. This knowledge helps to optimize and adjust the examined product so that their use or reading is as easy as possible. The paper describes the history of eye-tracking technology, three methods of gaze tracking, principles upon which they operate and options of eye-tracking data visualization. It provides a comprehensive introduction of the eye-tracking issue and prospects of its further development in cartography and geography. Eye-tracking data analyses can help to evaluate the quality of the map composition, map keys and map design, and thus define the methodology for map-making that will correspond to the user’s requirements.

How to cite (APA format):
Popelka, S, Brychtová, A, Voženílek, V. (2012). Eye-tracking a jeho využití při hodnocení map. Geografický časopis, 64(1), 71-87.