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Geografický časopis


Volume 55, 2003, No. 3

Content:


  Contributions to the geographical study of minority self-govern-ment in Hungary
Károly Kocsis 1)

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1)Geographical research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budaorsi út 45, 1112Budapest, Hungary.


national and ethnic minorities, minority self-governments, Hungary

Despite the ethnic cleansings, deportations, forced assimilation, homogenization and partly due to the economically motivated migrations there is no country in Europe which could be called as ethnic homogeneous. This is particularly true in the case of the small ”nation-states” of the Carpatho-Balkanic region, which also includes Hungary. The Hungarian state taught by the nationalistic mistakes of her history, on the basis of the subsidiarity made possible the formation of the self-government ”councils” of the minorities on the local and national level (Act Nr. LXXVII., 1993). By the beginning of 1998 736, by the beginning of 2003 1843 minority local self-government councils (999 Gipsy-Roma, 340 German, 114 Slovak, 107 Croatian, 44 Rumanian, 43 Serbian, etc.) were formed beside the 3167 local (settlement) self-government councils of Hungary. This paper outlines the Hungarian form of minority protection, revealing in the public administration, the formation, functioning, problems of the minority self-government councils and generally the political activity of the minorities in the frame work of the public administration.

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 179-192.

 
  Major changes in Hungarian industry during the period of transition
Eva Kiss 1)

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1)Geographical research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budaorsi út 45, 1112Budapest, Hungary.


industrial restructuring, industrial estates, Hungary

The change in the social system in 1989 was an important landmark in the history of Hungarian industry. Since then radical changes have taken place in industry. The main purpose of the present study is to demonstrate them with particular regard to their spatial consequences and to the role of industrial estates. During the last decade relevant organizational, structural, proprietal and other alterations have occurred in Hungarian industry, which have considerably affected its spatial pattern both on the national and local levels. Industrial estates have appeared in Hungary in the second half of the 1990s and it seems that they play a more and more important role in Hungarian industry and in shaping industrial space. Key words: industrial restructuring, industrial estates, Hungary

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 193-207.

 
  Aktuelle sozialstrukturelle Veränderungen in den ungarischen Großwohnsiedlungen
Tomás Egedy 1)

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1)Geographical research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budaorsi út 45, 1112Budapest, Hungary.


socio-structural change, housing estates, resident population, Hungary

High-rise housing estates could be characterised already in the socialist period by specific social features and structure. The mixed social structure, the ”estate society” and ”estate life” appeared namely in Hungary as brand new phenomena. The change of the socio-economic regime was a turning point in the development of housing estates. A devaluation of their prestige has been indicated by the accelerated housing mobility, a rapid fluctuation of the resident population in these quarters and a general intention to move out. After the change of power a profound transformation of the social environment has taken place and the previous balance of the social pattern has been broken. A stabilisation of the population is under way turning these estates into independent residence classed. This paper presents the effects of the privatisation and the housing market affecting the housing estates, together with the main features and tendencies of the filtering down process in the Hungarian housing estates. Key words: socio-structural change, housing estates, resident population, Hungary

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 209-233.

 
  The Hungarian ISPA strategy for the transport infrastructure and its effects on regional development
Tibor Tiner 1)

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1)Geographical research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, POB 64, 1388 Budapest, Hungary.


transport development projects, regional disparities, less favoured regions, Hungary

In the late 1990s Hungary as a candidate country for EU membership, worked out several transport development projects in the field of rail, road, inland water and air transport, which are fit the long term strategic goals of transport development policy of the European Union. Therefore, these projects must be supported financially by the instruments of the ISPA. The main goals of these projects instruments are very useful for the renewal of certain parts of the underdeveloped Hungarian transport infrastructure on one hand, but they concentrate only on the main radial arteries of the rail and road network and mainly on the Danube ports on the other. For this reason, these projects strengthen the existing radial structure of the Hungarian transport network and contribute to the long term economic prosperity of Budapest. Other problems with these projects are that they do not help construction or technical renewal of existing or new transverse axes with international functions in the rail and road transport and also do not give financial support to the construction of new bridges over the Danube. But these new roads would offer alternative transit routes through Hungary and would enable much closer connections between the eastern and western parts of Hungary. These development projects must be worked out with a modified structure and must be harmonized with the long-term national objectives of regional development in the future.

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 223-233.

 
  Geomorfologická mapa ako systém
Ján Urbánek 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.


geomorphological map, geomorphological analysis, system geomorphological catena, relief type

The study describes production of the geomorphological map based on the hypothesis that the set of mapped forms is a system (set of forms in interaction). Syntactic aspect of this process, structure and content of the legend are dealt with. It also contains the geomorphological map of a particular territory compiled pursuing the principle of system. Key words: geomorphological map, geomorphological analysis, system geomorphological catena, relief type

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 235-247.

 
  Contribution to the knowledge of the Ronava water reservoir landscape with emphasis on avifauna
Ivan Ružek 1), Dušan Senko 2)

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1)Prírodovedecká fakulta Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.
2)Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Prírodovedecká fakulta Univerzity Komenského, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.


Ronava water reservoir, Trnava loess plateau, avifauna, mapping, bird migration, phytocenosis

The aim of the paper is to explain and assess the species diversity of the water, next to water living, and terrestrial avifauna as observed at the Ronava water reservoir and its environs. The Ronava water reservoir is situated in the south-eastern part of the Trnava loess plateau. The paper is based on the empirical research in the above-mentioned area in July 2001 - June 2002. The author is trying to evaluate the Ronava water reservoir as a potential refuge for water and next to water living fowl and to compare it to the Trnava ponds while exposing the problems, solution of which may contribute to the optimum nesting conditions. Key words: Ronava water reservoir, Trnava loess plateau, avifauna, mapping, bird migration, phytocenosis

Geografický časopis. Volume 55, 2003, No. 3: 249-264.