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Geografický časopis

Volume 63, 2011, No. 2


  Population changes caused by industrialization and deindustrialization – comparison of Ostrava and Glasgow
Igor Ivan 1), Jiří Horák 2)

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1)Institite of Geoinformatics, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VŠB-TU Ostrva, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic.
2)VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geoinformatics, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava – Poruba.

industrial city, transformation, population, migration, deindustrialization, Ostrava, Glasgow

The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare population changes in two old industrial cities (Ostrava and Glasgow) with accent on how these changes are driven by large economic and historic events like world wars, economic crises, political support for industrialization, etc. Both cities played a key role in the industrial history of the two countries but under completely different political situations. Both cities have undergone significant population influxes during the industrial era but they are also strongly encumbered by their industrial history and deindustrialization generally accompanied by depopulation. Glasgow has been through a complex transformation since the Second World War. Changes in economy and technology brought the rapid decline of jobs and vacancies in these sectors and a rapid decline of population in Glasgow. The city’s total population loss was about 35% in just 50 years (1950-2001). The position of Ostrava city was not so problematic, but population losses were and still are quite significant on the national scale. These population changes, caused mostly by out-migration, are described in the context of hard factors (mainly human resources, land-use changes, flats) and soft factors (quality of housing, the environment, etc.). The case of Glasgow in the last years demonstrates the positive influence of municipal policy directed towards population changes.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 2: 113-132.

  Potenciály a parametre kvality poľnohospodárskych pôd Slovenska
Jozef Vilček 1)

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1)Výskumný ústav pôdoznalectva a ochrany pôdy, Raymanova 1, 080 01 Prešov.

productive soil potential, soil parameters, food sufficiency, energetic soil potential, primary, secondary and other soil, extra-productive soil potential, Slovakia

The purpose of the paper is to quantify and analyse the potential of agricultural soils in Slovakia regarding their sufficiency, productive, energetic, economic, and environmental parameters. It is necessary to inform the wide community on the irreplaceable position and importance of soil within the frame work of the Earth’s ecosystems mainly because of the increasing pressure to transform agricultural soil. Today it is obvious that apart from productive functions, soil has many other tasks, which are necessary for the conservation of life. Although the situation concerning soil utilization and its protection is on a relatively good level in Slovakia, it is important, mainly for the young generation, to maintain, or at least to keep the present day condition of soils regarding their quantity and quality. The agricultural soil in Slovakia is able to sustain the country’s population at present; and some of can be even utilized for another than food production. It does not mean that such soil is some sort of free commodity, which can be risked in future. Rules regarding of correct agricultural practice of soil fertility restoration must be observed as well.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 2: 133-154.

  Suburbanizácia v zázemí Bratislavy z hľadiska analýzy zmien krajinnej pokrývky
Martin Šveda 1)

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1)Prírodovedecká fakulta UK, Katedra regionálnej geografie, ochrany a plánovania krajiny, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava.

suburbanization, hinterland of Bratislava, land cover change

The suburbanization process in the hinterland of Bratislava has been significantly growing over the last couple of years. The consequences are not only in the redistribution of population but also in the structural changes of the land cover. The forms of land use typical for rural landscape (arable land, pastures and forests) are replaced by areas of urban housing, industrial, commercial and transportation zones. The purpose of this paper is to document the scope and intensity of changes in the land cover structure in the Functional Urban Region of Bratislava by means of CORINE Land Cover database analysis. On the basis of structural changes in the land cover we identify the zone of city core, zone of adjacent outskirts, suburban zone and rural fringe zone which are differently affected by the process of suburbanization.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 2: 155-173.

  Anlýza krajinnej pokrývky chráneného vtáčieho územia Úľanská mokraď z hľadiska ekologických nárokov najvýznamnejších druhov
Monika Kopecká 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.

land cover monitoring, special protected area, Natura 2000, Úľanská mokraď wetland

The Special Protected Area (SPA), the wetland of Úľanská mokraď is one of 38 bird areas, which the Slovak Republic undertook to designate with the creation of the Natura 2000 network. Its territorial protection is provided by the Decree of the Ministry of the Environment 437/2008 to ensure the favourable conservation status of populations of selected species and their habitats. The aim of this paper is to present the results of a detailed land cover mapping of the SPA using an extended CORINE Land Cover nomenclature (5th level). Land cover changes are considered to be an indicator of human pressure and consequent trends in the landscape. In this context, our results represent the input data for the subsequent monitoring of the SPA landscape structure.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 2: 175-188.

  Vplyv geografických faktorov na veterné pomery Východoslovenskej nížiny
Pavel Šťastný 1), Norbert Polčák 2)

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1)Slovenský hydrometeorologický ústav, Bratislava, Jeséniova 17, 83315 Bratislava.
2)Slovenský hydrometeorologický ústav, Bratislava, Jeséniova 17, 83315 Bratislava.

wind conditions, geographical factors, Východoslovenská Lowland

Evaluation of the effects of geographical factors on the wind condition in the specific area is based on the geographical location of the area and the general circulation of the atmosphere and specific local circulation patterns. Various topographic forms and altitude spectra of the area and surroudings, the active surface roughness, vegetation type, urban areas and water bodies influence them. Specific thermodynamic conditions resulting from seasonal changes in the circulation patterns are included among the geographic factors.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 2: 189-205.