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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 43, 2011, No. 4

Content:


 

recenzia:

 
  Brezák, Jozef: Základy demografie
Mária Suríková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 447-450.

 
  Fforde, Matthew: Desocializácia. Kríza postmodernity
Roman Kollár

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 451-454.

 
  Wesolowski, Wlodzimierz – Slomczynski, Kazimierz M. – Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf (eds.): Národná a európska? Poľská politická elita v komparatívnej perspektíve
Alexander Karvai

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 454-457.

 
  Keller, Jan: Nejistota a důvěra aneb K čemu je modernitě dobrá tradice
Tomáš Gerbery

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 457-460.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Koncept postindustriální společnosti a jeho slabiny
Jan Keller

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postindustrial society; deindustrialisation; service society; new social risks

The Concept of Post-Industrial Society and its Flaws. The essay deals with some concepts which are used to grasp our social reality. The author confronts optimistic visions regarding the character of post-industrial society with the reality of deindustrialisation. He describes three main causes of the deindustrialization and observes the contradictions between their impacts and expectations that have been formulated by authors of the vision of post-industrial society. This tension is briefly illustrated in the following areas: demographic development, labour market, family and household, social structure, a tendency towards social segregation and social problems. The author deals with the key concept of the service society. The theory of post-industrial society is based on the finding that the employment in the tertiary sector is larger than in the industrial sector. Many original expectations of the theorists of the post-industrial society remain disappointed due to high internal heterogeneity of the service sector and complicated relations between this sector and the industry. The author alerts that the primary function of the service sector remains to serve the industry and the manpower which strongly influence the future of the deindustrialised cities. An attempt is given to specify a typology of services that concretise the author's reasoning. In the conclusion the author analyses the phenomenon of the so called new social risks which was ignored by the conception of post-industrial society. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 323-337)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 323-337.

 
  Politika odvolání jako inovativní nástroj prosazování transparentnosti a občanské účasti ve slovenské a polské místní samosprávě
Michael L. Smith

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local recall; recall referendum; local government; citizen participation; politics of Slovakia; politics of Poland

The Politics of Recall: An Innovative Tool for Promoting Transparency and Citizen Participation in Slovak and Polish Local Government. In recent years, social scientists have paid considerable attention to the rise of various innovations in the practice of democracy, particularly tools for improving the inclusiveness and effectiveness of citizen participation in politics. However, fewer studies have sought to empirically assess the degree to which such democratic tools actually bring about positive outcomes in citizen participation. This article contributes to that agenda by using several different criteria to assess the practice of local recalls in Poland and Slovakia, the only two post-communist countries where the citizen-initiated recall process is legally binding. Based on original qualitative research, the article finds support to the view that, despite the ‘populist’ aspects of the device, the recall process can play a positive role in fostering citizen participation and the restoring legitimacy to public office when politicians are perceived to abuse their power. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 338-361)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 338-361.

 
  Lokálny demografický vývoj na Slovensku: percepcia, spoločenské implikácie a interdisciplinárne výzvy
Branislav Bleha

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depopulation; ageing; local, self-government; perception; multidiscipli-nary

Local Population Development in Slovakia: Perception, Social Implications and Interdisciplinary Prospects. Rapid demographical changes and ageing belong to the essential features of the transformation in post-communist countries. This issue was analysed by plenty of studies and publications characterised by a general as well as detail character. Thus, we know quite enough about the demographic essence of these changes, however, the social, macro-economical and social consequences and other wider aspects have been rarely analysed in Slovakia, in the Czech Republic as well as in other Central European countries. There is a scarcity of research on wide public perception of population development. Moreover, we have not found any study about the perception of population development by local authorities and central governments in these countries. Our study tries to fill this gap. It represents a pilot research on how the Slovak local self-government authorities (mayors) perceive demographical changes. They have been asked if they understand population ageing, if they realize what factors influence it, what social consequences the demographical development brings, and if they have any population strategies and forecasts for their own municipalities. Since the spatial differentiation is very peculiar with regard to the demographic processes, we tried to select different answers of mayors by linking them with several delimited regional types of municipalities and settlements. In addition to this geographical view, we discuss the need for a comprehensive approach in this field linking together demographical, geographical and sociological methods. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 362-390)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 362-390.

 
  Riadenie ľudí v čase privatizácie a zahraničného strategického partnerstva
Marián Kika

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managing people; privatization; strategic partnership; foreign strategic investment; human side of transformation

Managing People in the Time of Privatization and Foreign Strategic Partnership. The study deals with the issue of managing people in the time when the former socialist enterprises are transformed. The aim of the study is to clarify the human side and the social context of the two phases of transformation – the privatization and the strategic partnership by means of a description of changes in managing people. The study wants to extend the views of the transformation with a view from the enterprise. The theoretical background is the theory of modernization as one form of social change, non-economical knowledge of privatization and strategic partnership. We try to describe managing people by seven indicators: the strategy and tactics of managing people, relevant contents of managing people, managing people as a daily social activity of managers, the methods and procedures of managing people, important subjects of managing people and response of managing people. The study also shortly informs about the methodology used in sociological research. The final part of the study presents the main findings about the constituent elements of managing people, their comparison in time of privatization and strategic partnership and the comparison of managing people by German and French strategic partners. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 391-404)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 391-404.

 
  Multikulturalizmus a problémy integrácie moslimských prisťahovalcov
Judit Lovisek

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multiculturalism; integration of Muslims; ghettoization; markedly different culture; parallel societal systems

Multiculturalism and the Problems of Integration of Muslim Immigrants. Multicul-turalism is nowadays a frequently used term especially when dealing with integration problems of immigrants from Islamic countries into the majority society. But the term „multiculturalism“ is used too generally without being defined. This paper aids at finding the precise definition of the concept by relying on the opinions of major scholars of multiculturalism. Multiculturalism and its attributes are subsequently confronted with social processes and the possibility of the use of multiculturalism in education system is reviewed. Given that the United Kingdom developed an integration policy based on multiculturalism, in the case study the author critically analyses its impact on societal relations in this country. In this study ideas of relevant theorists of multiculturalism gained as a result of semi-structured interviews are quoted. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 405-419)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 405-419.

 
  Posttranzičná spravodlivosť v regióne stredovýchodnej Európy. Analýza lustrácií a ústavov pamäti národa
Tomáš Bezák

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coming to terms with past; communism; lustrations; umbrella institutions aimed at the reflexion of undemocratic past

Posttransitional Justice in the Region of the Central-East Europe. An Analysis of the Lustrations and the Nation´s Memory Institutes. The goal of this paper is to analyze the main processes of dealing with the communist past in selected countries in the region of Central-East Europe (CEE) – lustrations and the umbrella institutions aimed at the reflection of undemocratic past (the so-called institutes of national remembrance). The paper has two main hypotheses: I. Countries that democratized themselves through lengthy round table talks involving the representatives of regime and opposition had their coming to terms with undemocratic past delayed in comparison to the countries where transition was rather quick and controlled by opposition; II. Left-oriented political parties do support laws aimed at dealing with communist past (or do not object against it at least) only if there is a real threat that the next parliament will be more right-wing oriented and could possibly adopt a harsher law. In the first part the author argues that the transitional dynamics is of great importance for the policy of dealing with the oppressor regime. Where the process was quick and the opposition was in control, transitional justice will follow in early years after the system change and vice versa. But sooner or later the ideological alternation in government happened everywhere. Why had elites in those same countries later adopted lustration laws? A conclusive answer can be found by using the conceptual tools of game theory. The author analyses the preferences of relevant political actors and is therefore able to clarify the paradoxical situation when lustration laws were in various cases supported (or at least not objected) by left-oriented political parties. Sociológia 2011, Vol. 43 (No. 4: 420-446)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 43, 2011, No. 4: 420-446.