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Geografický časopis


Volume 63, 2011, No. 1

Content:


  Building of regional self-government in Slovakia: the first decade
Ján Buček 1)

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1)Katedra humánnej geografie a demogeografie, Prírodovedecká fakulta UK, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava.


regional self-government, Europeanization, institutions, legitimacy, powers, finances, regional development, Slovakia

This contribution summarizes and evaluates the first ten years of regional self-government development in Slovakia. It is based on an extensive study of legislation, institutional structures, regional self-governments documents, electoral results and financial data. This study also reacts to the lack of research focused on regional self-government compared to the local and national government in Slovakia in the last decade. During this period, regional self-government built its institutional structures, obtained many executive powers, and strengthened its financial position. It also devoted a lot of effort to successful integration into the selected fields of European policy-making. Other additional aspects confirm a quite systematic progress in its formation as a fully developed level of government. Nevertheless, there are still some limits. The main issues concern the legitimacy of elected bodies challenged by the low electoral participation, lack of resources available for their own initiatives, a still poor availability of EU funds combined with a minor role in regional development. Ten years seems too short a period for building a fully respected tier of government.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 1: 3-27.

 
  Regionálna variabilita povodňovej hrozby malých povodí na Slovensku
Ľubomír Solín 1)

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1)Geografický ústav SAV, Štefánikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava.


small basins, flood threat, flood situation, regional type, Slovakia

The paper is involved with identification of regional variability of the flood threat in Slovakia determined by physical attributes and character of land cover in the basin. The small basin is the basic spatial unit for the spatial analysis of flood threat. Graphical analysis of the dependence between the base flow index values or flood event frequency on the one side and the physical attributes of basins on the other pointed to the significant effects of soil texture permeability and forestation of the particular basin on spatial variability of the basic features characterizing the runoff process and frequency of flood events. Based on combination of two soil texture permeability classes and two forestation classes, four classes of flood threat were identified. Their verification by means of flood event frequency values by variance analysis showed that the optimal solution is to delimit three regional types of flood threat in small basins.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 1: 29-52.

 
  Chatové oblasti České republiky
Jan Kubeš 1)

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1)Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích, Pedagogická fakulta, katedra geografie, Jeronýmova 10, 371 15 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. kubes@pf.jcu.cz


cabin, second home recreation, second homes, individual recreation, second home countryside, Czech Republic

Second home recreation in cabins is a remarkable phenomenon of recreation in the Czech Republic. The cabins are concentrated in cabin landscape areas. These cabin landscape areas are located in strips along naturally valuable valleys of rivers, brooks and water reservoirs and in other valuable territories, especially in the wider surroundings of big Czech towns and cities. The paper explains the methodology of delimiting the cabin landscape areas in the conditions of the Czech Republic; it delimits these areas and presents their typology. An official cabin count realized in the Czech Republic and our field research of cabin colonies have been applied: 62.16% of all 216,000 cabins is situated in 39 significant cabin landscape areas of the Czech Republic. These areas cover 14.87% of the total area of the Czech Republic.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 1: 53-68.

 
  Kvalita životného prostredia z pohľadu miestneho obyvateľstva na území Chránenej krajinnej oblasti Horná Orava
Viera Chrenščová 1)

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1)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra krajinnej ekológie, Mlynská dolina B-2, 842 15 Bratislava. chrenscova@fns.uniba.sk


environment, environmental perception, quality of life, sustainable development, Protected Landscape Area of Horná Orava

The environment is a dynamic system formed as a product of the human-nature interaction, as well as human’s interactions within society. Analysis of perception of local inhabitants can help us to understand how do these interactions between the human and the environment work. In order to understand these interactions the questionnaire analyses were carried out in the Protected Landscape Area of Horná Orava. Differences between answers of the inhabitants living in territories with different protection level were tested.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 1: 69-85.

 
  Dunajská povodeň roku 1787 a Bratislava
Peter Pišút

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Danube River, All Saints’ Flood 1787, fluvial geomorphology, historical maps

The flood that occurred at the turn of October and November of 1787 was probably the second largest one on record of the last millennium in the River Danube. This “All Saints’ Flood” hit most badly the Austrian reach of the Upper Danube and the Slovak section of the Middle Danube with the severest material damage to the area of contemporary greater Bratislava (suburbs of Petržalka and Rusovce). With the estimated peak flow of 11,800 m3.s-1 it had the character of a 200-500-year flood in Bratislava. This paper is aimed to reconstruct the causes, course and effects of the flood, mainly based on analysis of the contemporary reports published in the local German newspaper Preßburger Zeitung, supplemented by the 1781-1790 manuscript maps. This flood was exceptional for its occurrence in the autumn period with pronounced geomorphic effects. Fortunately, the high flow only took a minimum toll of lives in Slovakia and its destructive impact on residential buildings, boat mills and vessels was not as devastating as in the case of other large floods, especially those caused by the jammed ice. Nevertheless, it was one of the two most destructive events (1787, 1809) that badly damaged the right-bank artificial levee of Petržalka, an important local protective structure intended to prevent flooding and facilitate transportation to Vienna.

Geografický časopis. Volume 63, 2011, No. 1: 87-109.