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Geografický časopis


Volume 62, 2010, No. 2

Content:


  European Cohesion Policy: challenges, dilemmas and some options for its future design
Jiří Blažek 1)

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1)Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czech Republic. blazek@natur.cuni.cz


Barca Report, Cohesion fund and Lisbon Strategy, new challenges, transition regions, simplification of the delivery system

The aim of this article is twofold. First, to discuss some of the key challenges for the future design of EU Cohesion Policy and to propose several possible options for enhancing the effectiveness of this policy, in particular, how to streamline the delivery system of cohesion policy in the future. Nevertheless, the argument that a large portion of bureaucracy is of “national origin”, and is not required by EU Regulations, is presented. Therefore, a proposal to set up dedicated national task forces for simplifying the delivery system itself, as used within the current programming period has been forwarded. The second aim is to contribute to the debate concerning key points of the Barca Report, as this document appears to be a milestone in the debate on the future design of EU Cohesion Policy. The article argues that in spite of some weaknesses the Report offers valuable proposals concerning the future design of EU Cohesion Policy.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 2: 91-107.

 
  Využitie modelovania povrchového odtoku pri hodnotení zraniteľnosti krajiny vo vzťahu k vybraným prírodným hrozbám
Igor Gallay 1)

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1)Technická univerzita vo Zvolene, Fakulta ekológie a environmentalistiky, Katedra aplikovanej ekológie, T. G. Masaryka 24, 960 53 Zvolen. gallay@pobox.sk


natural hazards, floods, GIS, CN curve, landscape, vulnerability

Natural hazards are natural process or events, which are perceived by mankind as threats to life and property. Normally they are: volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, high winds, etc. Some authors also include water and wind erosion, water logging or increased deposition. The paper deals with utilization of simple modelling of water flow for evaluation some natural hazards, namely: flood hazard, water logging hazard and risk of gully erosion. The water flow over landscape was estimated by application of modelling in the GIS and CN curve method and the measure of threat to landscape in relation to the modelled hazards was established.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 2: 109-125.

 
  Hlavné trendy výskumu v súčasnej volebnej geografii
Tibor Madleňák 1)

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1)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a krajinnej ekológie, Tajovského 40, 874 01 Banská Bystrica. madlenak@fpv.umb.sk


election, electoral geography, political geography, research trends, geographical voting patterns, voting behaviour

Electoral geography has been established as an important part of political geography in the post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the last twenty years. Geographers endeavour to contribute to increasing electoral studies focusing on the spatial context of elections. The aim of this article is to identify the main research trends in current electoral geography around the world. We emphasize the approaches of relevant researchers to electoral geography’s most important issues. The article offers a basic review of contemporary leading studies and the main research directions in electoral geography.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 2: 127-145.

 
  GPS monitoring – nástroj na hodnotenie recentnej dynamiky zosuvov
Roberta Prokešová 1), Alžbeta Medveďová 2)

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1)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Ústav vedy a výskumu, Cesta na Amfiteáter 1, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. roberta.prokesova@umb.sk
2)Univerzita Mateja Bela, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a krajinnej ekológie, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica. medvedov@fpv.umb.sk


landslide, monitoring, GPS, horizontal displacement

This paper reports the results of the Global Positioning System (GPS) survey that has been used to measure landslide surface displacements. We analysed surface displacements obtained from five GPS campaigns carried out from April 2007 till April 2009 on a network of 42 points in the Ľubietová landslide. The results reveal cumulative displacements of up to 0.035-0.045 m depending on stabilization depth of points. Although the amplitudes of displacements are not so high as in previous monitoring intervals, they delineate several active areas in the landslide body. The relatively small current displacements can be explained by several reasons including the relatively low amount of cumulative rainfall in winters during the assessed period as the most probable.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 2: 147-164.

 
  Osobitosti vývoja sektorovej štruktúry na Slovensku po roku 1989
Jaroslav Rusnák 1), Silvia Bystrická 2)

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1)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Human Geographyand Demography, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia. rusnak@fns.uniba.sk
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave,, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava. bystricka@fns.uniba.sk


regional development, economic structure, financial segment, transformation, Slovak regions

The main focus of this contribution is to assess the development of the sectoral structure of the Slovak economy after 1989; with regard to changes in the development of employment in the financial segment. The paper deals with two selected types of change in the economic sector structure. Firstly, we will evaluate the development of the sectoral structure via the changes in the number of employees in individual economic sectors. The second problem relates to spatial allocation of activities of the tertiary sector, specifically the dynamic of regional differentiation of workers in the financial segment. This spatial differentiation of financial sector’s economic activities causes two types of polarity: east-west and centre-periphery. In the conclusion we shall try to sum up both changes in the sectoral economic structure and their dynamics due to the individuality of the regional structure of the Slovak Republic and the common trends of the global economy.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 2: 165-178.