Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

Zoznam článkov

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 42, 2010, No. 4

Content:


  Význam práce v životě českých a slovenských starších pracovníků
Marcela Petrová Kafková, Ladislav Rabušic

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Ageing; older workers; values; labour; Czech Republic; Slovakia

Meaning of Work among the Elderly Czech and Slovak Workers. Due to population ageing, Czech and Slovak elderly workers have been becoming an important element in the labour market while their economic activity has been still rather low. To increase it, it is essential not only to enhance the competencies of elderly workers and eliminate prejudices of employers against them but also to encourage their motivation to work. In such context, value of work for elderly workers may be crucial. This paper focuses on the value of work and the attitudes to work of elderly Czech and Slovak workers. It is based on the European Value Study (EVS) longitudinal data which surveyed work values in 1991, 1999 and 2008. As the paper illustrates, attitudes to work of elderly workers are very different in Czech Republic and Slovakia nowadays. The differences are not evident only in the generation of elderly workers but in younger generations too. The diversity of the attitudes to work is not caused by age but has been reflecting the different development of Czech and Slovak society since the separation in 1993. There has been a considerable decrease of work value in the Czech Republic as well as the decrease of work satisfaction and ambitions. Work attitudes of the Slovak population have remained stable in the last two decades. The value of work has remained very important for elderly Slovak workers emphasising job security and good salary. Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 316-338)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 316-338.

 
 

recenzia:

 
  Divinský, Boris: Migračné trendy v Slovenskej republike po vstupe krajiny do EÚ (2004 – 2008)
Branislav Bleha

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 429-431.

 
  Čambáliková, Monika: Sociálny štát: občianstvo, práva, začlenenie
Daniela Gáborová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 432-435.

 
  Čikeš, Radovan: Vzťahy štátu a cirkví na Slovensku. Súčasné usporiadanie a trendy vo vývoji vzťahu štátu a cirkví
Lucia Grešková

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 435-437.

 
  Smitka, Václav: Eseje o člověku. Archeologie lidských životů II
Antonín Rašek

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 437-440.

 
 

štúdia:

 
  Anómia na Slovensku v r. 2001 a 2008: porovnanie a niektoré metodologické problémy
Juraj Schenk

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Societal anomie; index of anomie; explanation of societal change; scale validation and standardization

Anomie in Slovakia in 2001 and 2008: Comparison and Some Methodological Issues. The theoretical model of societal anomie which was constructed as a main research tool contains three constitutive structural components: a) the norm-lessness, b) the disfunctioning of institutions, and c) the failing of sanctions execution. The estimation of societal anomie was based on specific assessment scale as well as derived anomie index. In Slovakia, two sociological researches on societal anomie were carried out in 2001 and 2008 respectively. While the data show a significant decrease of anomie index in the period, the explanation of this societal change still remains an open issue, which leads to the discussion of key paradigmatical, theoretical and methodological issues. The article also presents prelminary findings of the validation process. The results show that anomie scale fulfils three basic criteria of validation: there is a high degree of expert (respondent) capabilities to assess the situation in society; the scale allows for appropriate differentiation of reality estimations; and provides for only small errors in stimuli localization on continuum. Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 287-315)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 287-315.

 
  Světový systém a mezinárodní migrace: konceptualizace vzájemných vztahů
Jan Kalenda

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International migration; world-system; Immanuel Wallerstein; capitalist economy; economic cycles; push and pull factors; theoretical model

World-System and International Migration: Conceptualization of Dual Relations. This article addresses three main issues: in the first instance it focuses on the scrutiny of the ideal concept of world-system theory and theory of transnational migration – two concepts which are inseparable. Secondly it discusses the potential linkages and correlations between international migration and the ideas of a key figure of world system school – American sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein. In the last case it aspires to outline working hypothesis, which emerges from development of contemporary capitalist world economy (form of global socio-economic order) as well as types of contemporary migration. For this purpose author analyses effects of hierarchical space structure and also effects of cyclical economic dynamics of world economy on contemporary migration. Article leads to a development of a new model of time-space structure, which determines forms of international migration; i.e. new nomological-deductive model of contemporary international migration. Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 339-355)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 339-355.

 
  Migrácia študentov v Európe: súťaž o ľudský kapitál
Vladimír Baláž

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Student migration; competing for global talent; migration in Europe; structural equation modelling

Student Migration in Europe: Contest for Human Capital. Period of globalisation is typical for substantial increases in international human mobility. Bulk of research literature on migration focussed on labour migration and/or refugees and asylum seekers. Research on international mobility by the university students has so far attracted less attention. This article focuses on distribution of intra-European flows by tertiary students in 1998 – 2007. The analysis aims at geographical patterns of migration flows by countries of origin and destination. The OECD International Migration Database provides good quality data for a matrix of 20 countries of student origin and destination. The data patterns were examined via (a) correlation analysis, (b) factor analysis and (c) structural equation modelling. Major European countries (the UK, Germany and France) accounted for some two thirds for intra-European student inflows and featured major destinations in most European countries of origin. International student flows, however, also had their regional dimension. It was expressed in patterns of cultural similarity (in terms of common or similar language). The structural equation modelling suggested that factors of cultural similarity shape not only flows of trade and capital, but also flows of knowledge, represented by international cooperation in patents and education. It is argued that concept of cultural similarity depends on tacit knowledge of host country environments, where language skills play a prominent role. International flows of students, in summary, follow similar underlying factors, like flows of trade and knowledge. Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 356-382)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 356-382.

 
  Sociologické inspirace Clauda Lévi-Strausse
Miloslav Petrusek

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Sociology and anthropology; structuralism; social and cultural progress; social nostalgia paradigm; cultural pessimism; Levi-Strauss; Gurvitch; Sartre

The Sociological Inspiration of Lévi-Strauss. This study, which also has bearing on recent death of Claude Lévi-Strauss, is concerned both with the questions how his work influenced sociology and how sociological thinking of his time was affected by his writings. Specifically, the following topics are addressed: the revitalization of the Durkheimian school, the relation between „authentic“ and „inauthentic“ societies, the problem of the historical perspective in the social sciences (in controversy with Sartre), his contribution to delineation (and redefinition) of the concept of „social structure“ (in controversy with Gurvitch), the formulation of the „ open future“ problem, and especially the topic of progress (Lévi-Strauss is considered to be a moderate „cultural pessimist“). Three other significant problems are sketched out in this text: the transformation of the relation between anthropology and sociology, the question of race and the problem of racism – which are not unequivocal in Lévi-Strauss’s conception (and this holds true also for the topic of multiculturalism) – and the relation between „classical structuralism“ and poststructuralism. (Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 383-403)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 383-403.

 
  Sociologická teorie Vilfreda Pareta
Marek Loužek

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Vilfredo Pareto; general sociology; theory of elites; political sociology; democracy

Sociological Theory of Vilfredo Pareto. The article offers an introduction to the economic and sociological theory of Vilfredo Pareto. Author discusses Pareto’s general equilibrium theory as well as his ordinalist utility theory including what is known as “Pareto optimum”. In the sociological field, author focuses on Pareto’s original theory of social stratification founded on the assumption of circulating elites. With this concept, Pareto not only opposed the Marxist concept, which optimistically predicted emergence of a class-free society, but he also opposed the liberal-democratic notion, which somewhat naively perceived democracy as the rule of people, by people and for people. The critical scrutiny of Pareto’s major works leads author to the conclusion that Pareto’s work despite certain shifts in his opinions on the matters of elites and democracy is methodologically compact and devoted to the issues of perseverance of societal and economic equilibrium. Sociológia 2010, Vol. 42 (No. 4: 404-428)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 42, 2010, No. 4: 404-428.