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Geografický časopis

Volume 62, 2010, No. 1


  Location factors of the creative and knowledge-intensive industries in European metropolitan regions
Tadeusz Stryjakiewicz 1)

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1)Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, ul. Dzięgielowa 27, PL 61-680 Poznań, Poland.

location factors, creative sector, European metropolitan regions, ACRE project

The emergence and rapid development of creative and knowledge-based industries is one of the features of both a structural change of the world economy and society as well as the process of advancing metropolitanization. Metropolitan regions are among those where this sector is developing especially dynamically, turning into one of the most important markers of their competitiveness. The identification of mutual interdependences between the process of accommodating creative knowledge and the competitiveness of metropolitan regions within the enlarged European Union has become the subject of an international research project called ACRE, implemented within the EU Sixth Framework Programme. The project's central question is: What conditions (in particular, so-called “soft” factors) stimulate creative urban processes? Relying on the results obtained under this project, the article focuses on the process of development of the creative knowledge sector in 13 European metropolitan regions which participate in the ACRE project. In particular, it presents: (a) a general outline of the above-mentioned project in the context of Richard Florida’s concept of a creative class and a creative city and (b) an analysis of factors determining the location and development of the creative knowledge sector.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 1: 3-19.

  Sustainable natural landscape management within Bucharest Metropolitan Area.
Monica Dumitraşcu 1), Ines Grigorescu 1), Mihaela Năstase 2)

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1)Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Physical Geography Department, 12 Dimitrie Racoviţă Street, 023993 Sector 2, Bucharest, Romania.
2)National Forest Administration, Protected Areas Unit, 31 Magheru Street 010325, Sector 1, Bucharest, Romania.

natural landscape, sustainable management, conservation, Bucharest Metropolitan Area

Metropolitan areas must be considered as complex landscapes where different should urban and rural elements meet and interact leading to new challenges related to natural resources and providing new opportunities for integrative approaches to landscape management. By its position within the Romanian Plain, Bucharest Metropolitan Area (BMA) is exposed to several environmental challenges as a result of the physical peculiarities of this relief unit as well as its man-made changes determining a wide range of transformations with direct impact upon landscape quality and integrity. The authors analyse the main sustainable management measures for protecting and preserving natural landscape within the BMA: environmental legislation, scientific research projects as well as designation of areas with ecological and landscape value as protected areas, management plans of protected areas’, urban plans requirements and development of green–yellow belts and forest management plans, in order to identify the ones most suitable for the study. Simultaneously, the paper aims to mirror the dynamics of natural landscape management measures related to two important historic events for the Romanians: the fall of the communist regime (1989) and accession to the EU (2007).

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 1: 21-32.

  Places and students in urban environment: A time-geographical perspective
Pavel Klapka 1), Hana Roubalíková 2)

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1)Palacký University in Olomouc, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Třída 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
2)Palacký University in Olomouc, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Třída 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic.

urban environment, time-geography, stations, students, city of Olomouc

The article analyses places of concentration (in time-geography referred to as “stations”) of university students in the city of Olomouc. It is a part of research into the effects the changing urban environment exerts on the spatio-temporal behaviour of the selected population segments, students being one of them. The article is primarily concerned with stations, their spatial distribution, functions, daily regime and perception. The input data were gained through the time-space activity budgets filled in by students in the period of one week. The achieved results on the one hand corroborated general time-geographical concepts and schemes, on the other hand they also proved the importance of the new phenomena, such as shopping malls, in the inner city structure in the daily paths of the university students and thus in the distribution of the stations within the city. However, there still remains a need to carry out similar research on different populations and in different urban environments in order to refine and support our conclusions by comparison of the achieved results.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 1: 33-47.

  Vybrané aspekty transformácie maloobchodu v meste Nitra v rokoch 1992-2008
Miroslava Trembošová 1)

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1)Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre, Fakulta prírodných vied, Katedra geografie a regionálneho rozvoja, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 949 74 Nitra.

retail business network, developmental stages, transformation, shopping centres, retail facilities and their hierarchy

The paper deals with the retail network and its changes during the last two decades in Slovakia. The development of retail trade is analysed in detail, using the city of Nitra as an example. Field research identified the number of retail shops, their floor space, structure of products, employment, and the purchasing power of consumers, etc. during the period of sixteen years (1992-2008). On the basis of these data, different developmental stages of the retail trade were identified. The increased number of shops, huge floor space increase as well as increased employment characterize the dynamic progress of the retail trade in general. A considerable decrease of shopping possibilities in the downtown area of the city has been proved. The result of retail network development in cities is a transformation from monocentric to polycentric systemization and functioning of the urban spatial units.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 1: 49-73.

  Hodnotenie poškodenia vegetácie veternou kalamitou na rôznych typoch geotopov v okolí Danielovho domu (Vysoké Tatry)
Vladimír Falťan 1), Zuzana Pazúrová 2)

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1)Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15, Bratislava, Slovakia.
2)Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Prírodovedecká fakulta, Katedra fyzickej geografie a geoekológie, Mlynská dolina 1, 842 15 Bratislava.

geotopes, windthrow, vegetation change, High Tatra Mts., GIS

A strong windstorm caused great damage primarily to the forests of the Tatra National Park on 19th November 2004. It changed the environment of the affected areas for a long time. This paper presents a trial for studying the impact of the winds on real vegetation growing in various types of sites or geotopes on the basis of large-scaled geoecological, vegetation-geographical field research, remote sensing data and use of the geographical information systems. The case study was realized on a permanent research site with extracted fallen wood as a part of international ecological research on large-scale windthrow and its management. The biggest decrease of the woodland growths was observed in spruce bilberry forests on colluvial slopes.

Geografický časopis. Volume 62, 2010, No. 1: 75-88.