Vedecké časopisy a ročenky vydávané na pôde SAV

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 41, 2009, No. 4

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recenzia:

 
  Vajdová, Zdenka – Čermák, Daniel – Illner, Michal: Autonomie a spolupráce: důsledky ustavení obecního zřízení v roce 1990
Mária Strussová

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 397-401.

 
  Jung, Richard: Skúsenosť a konanie: vybrané otázky systémovej teórie
Dilbar Alieva

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 401-408.

 
 

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  Priestor a čas v optike sociológie
Ján Pašiak

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SOCIAL SPACE; SPACE-TIME; DEVELOPMENT; TRANSFORMATION; CHANGE

Space and Time in Sociological Perspective. The article provides sociological analysis of time and space (space-time) and their relations to developmental changes in a rather unusual autobiographical context. In social science, the phenomenon of social space and time is highlighted mainly in the context of themes such as environment, technological development, or changes in social space. The article is based on a historical perspective which enables us to better understand the current modes of using and changing social spaces – human settlements and regions in particular. The author reflects on changes in social space, focusing on the issues of social interactions, urban space, second literacy, cyberspace, and communicative simultaneity. These are discussed in relation to both the global economic crisis and specific Slovak conditions. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 4: 285-303)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 285-303.

 
  Globalizačné súvislosti urbánneho vývoja a jeho sociálno-priestorové špecifiká
Peter Gajdoš

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Globalisation; town; urban environment; suburbanization; socio-spatial situation

Globalization Context of Urban Development and its Socio-Spatial Particularities. The aim of this paper is to show the substantial and significant qualitative changes that globalisation brings to towns – to their position in the development of the society, to the structure of the settlements, to the state of the urban environment, to changes in physical and spatial structures, and to the socio-spatial organization of the urban environment and urban societies. We document these changes using examples of the world’s largest cities, the leaders of globalization. These cities are not only becoming the economy and innovation centres but also socially dual urban environments. We describe changes in their socio-spatial organization as well as the modelling of their socio-spatial situation, which is displayed in their economy, population structure, culture and life style. We also note the particularities of the urban development in Europe, emphasizing Central Europe, where urban development has the character of dual transformation. Its effects have intensified social and economic polarisation among towns, accelerated the formation of their metropolitan regions, and strengthened sub-urbanization processes. The effects of this dual transformation include a worsening population structure and an increasing social structure differentiation in these post-socialist towns. In particular, this paper deals with changes in the settlement structure of towns, changes in their inner physical, spatial as well as socio-physical structure, the suburbanisation development process, and the cessation of population growth in towns. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 4: 304-328)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 304-328.

 
  Bratislava – dilemy súčasného rozvoja (reflexia socio-priestorových súvislostí)
Ľubomír Falťan

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Transformational changes of town; globalization; gentrification; socio-spatial differentiation; images and symbols of town

Bratislava – The Problems of its Current Development (A Reflection on its Socio-Spatial Contexts) The article provides a sociological reflection on the processes which Bratislava has undergone during the transformation and post-transformation periods. The development processes have been influenced by both the systemic socio-political transition into a pluralist and market oriented system and the formation of Slovak statehood which made Bratislava the capital of the Slovak Republic. The civilizational factor is one of the most important factors that have influenced the development of Bratislava. It is connected to the ongoing post-industrial and global processes that frame the developing space of Bratislava in broad international contexts. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 4: 329-353)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 329-353.

 
  Možnosti a predpoklady občianskej participácie v udržateľnom sídelnom rozvoji
Mária Strussová, Dagmar Petríková

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Public participation; community; local democracy; sustainable develop¬ment; settlement structure; stakeholders; participative planning; local governments; NGOs; citizen rights; Aarhus Convention

Opportunities and Preconditions of Public Participation in Sustainable Settlement Development. Public participation is a comprehensive social science concept that is of interdisciplinary character, with the impact on the society. This paper concentrates on public participation in settlement development at the local level in Slovakia as well as in international context. It takes into consideration social and historical origins of participation and reflects some issues of citizen participation in the development of settlement structures in Slovakia. The significance of citizen participation in settlement development lies in the fact that citizens create their settlement environment according to their social needs and at the same time under this process they get changed too. Participating citizens cease being apathetic towards their social and settlement environment and take responsibility for the activities within their communities. It is a continual process of improving the settlement conditions and its implication is to reach the wishful shape of environment and to develop local community with its identity and social cohesion. Citizen participation connects personal and group interests as well as the interests of local communities with public well-being. The paper points out the mechanisms of participation in the settlement development and clarifies the legal framework for public participation in the Slovak as well as in the international context. At the same time the paper points out the prevailing forms of participatory projects, based on the principles of partnership and cooperation, the objective of which was to coordinate mutual activities of the stakeholders oriented towards solutions of local and regional issues of the settlements in Slovakia. Several identified issues of the citizen participation at the local level are brought forward. They are based on the results from sociological surveys of local democracy and the process of participation has been illustrated by the contextual analysis of the implemented citizen participation project in the frame of an international research and development project “Ecocity”. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 4: 354-379)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 354-379.

 
  Koncept spoločenstva v sociológii alebo spoločenstvo stále živé?
Katarína Moravanská

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Community; spatial community; urban sociology; rural sociology; sociology of community

The Concept of Community in Sociology or Is Community Still Alive? This study deals with the issue of communities in sociology, focusing on spatial communities. It attempts to describe the concept of community in time. It shows its presence throughout most of the history of sociological thinking and its connections to various paradigms in sociology. It points to a recurring emergence of theories in which community has not been utilised merely as an analytical concept but has been treated as a social entity within the social reality. The study identifies the most influential theoretical frameworks (typological, ecological, and systemic approach) and highlights their basic characteristics. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 4: 380-396)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 4: 380-396.