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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review


Volume 41, 2009, No. 2

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recenzia:

 
  MacKenzie, Donald - Muniesa, Fabian - Siu, Lucia (eds.): Vytvárajú ekonómovia trhy? O performatívnosti ekonómie
Roman Hofreiter

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 168-172.

 
  Gann, Anthony: Logika demokracie. Zosúlaďovanie rovnosti, deliberácie a ochrany menšín
Branislav Dolný

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 173-180.

 
  Huntington, Samuel: Třetí vlna. Demokratizace na sklonku dvacátého století
Marek Loužek

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 180-185.

 
  Naím, Moisés: Černá kniha globalizace
Tomáš Kříž

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 185-190.

 
  Flora, Cornelia Butler - Flora, Jan: Vidiecke spoločenstvá. Dedičstvo a zmena
Katarína Moravanská

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 190-193.

 
  Gajdoš, Peter - Pašiak, Ján: Sociálne zdroje lokálnehoa regionálneho rozvoja
Stanislav Buchta

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Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 193-196.

 
 

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  Dedinské alternatívne komunity ako nová inteligencia poľskej dediny
Justyna Laskowska-Otwinowska

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New-settlers; alternative societies; social activity; contemporary Polish countryside; cultural preference; intelligentsia

Alternative Communities in the Village as a New Intelligentsia of the Polish Village. The article focuses on the social activities of the so-called „new-settlers’ societies” („nowoosadnicy”) in contemporary Poland. They are the societies of the persons coming from the big cities, who are well-educated artists or scientists. They decided to live in the countryside because of their ecological ethos. They build the neighbourhood communities and they cooperate together in many spheres such as organising the educational projects addressed to the peasants. The topics of these projects mostly deal with the ecology or culture. The article reviews the projects developed by the „new-settlers” associations and juxtaposes them to the peasants’ cultural preferences, which sometimes differ from these projects. Author poses the question about the adequacy of cultural activities of such environmental societies in contemporary Polish countryside. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 2: 99-120)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 99-120.

 
  Z centra na periferii a zase zpátky? Vývoj sociologie náboženství a proměny její pozice v sociologickém uvažování druhé poloviny 20. století
Zdeněk R. Nešpor

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Sociology of religion; secularization; rational choice theory; European and American sociology; sociology

From Centre to Periphery and Back Again? The Development of the Sociology of Religion and Changes in its Position within Sociological Thought in the Second Half of the 20th Century. Although religion once occupied a central position both in sociological theory and in the writings of the “founding fathers” of sociology, subsequently the subject lost its significance. As a consequence of the widespread acceptance of the secularistic paradigm, sociological studies of religion became marginalised as did the branch of sociology promulgated after WWII; religion and the sociology thereof were simply condemned to extinction. However, the worldwide religious revival of the late 20th century changed the situation altogether. Religion and spirituality as well as – albeit to a much lesser degree – the sociologies thereof have become topics of discussion within general sociological thought. The author describes and analyses the development of the sociology of religion in the second half of the 20th century. He maintains that “behind” the two grand paradigms – i.e. the secularisation and rational choice theories – different approaches exist, impacted by national academic traditions and other factors. Multi-paradigmatical approaches, an emphasis on ethnographical research and adoption of a “humanistic” perspective form common themes in the contemporary sociology of religion, especially in Europe; the Czech and Slovak sociologies of religion are no exception. Unfortunately, the sociological mainstream still devotes little attention to such developments, while the sociology of religion itself is rather closed to (post-) modern theories, including those dealing with religion. The central position in recent sociological thought is thus occupied by a specific subject – various forms of religion and spirituality – rather than by any special theories, methods or knowledge accumulated by sociologists of religion. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 2: 121-148)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 121-148.

 
  Věková identita
Dana Sýkorová

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Age; identity; age identity; age norms; ageing; ageism; age denial

Age Identity. The article deals with age as a relevant component of an individual's identity. Its first part gives a brief survey of theories and theoretical concepts of age identity that is fol-lowed by a presentation of outcomes of a qualitative study (GAČR 403/06/1647) in its se-cond part. The author writes about the subjectively accepted and objectively assigned age identity, personal identity in the process of ageing and the phenomenon of age denial: She shows how individuals relate their age to other components of identity, with what factors they "condition" their own age identity, on the basis of what criteria and in what contexts they identify the others' age (and vice versa, what criteria and strategies are applied to them by the others), how they interpret age norms. The author also deals with the identity "on the move", i.e. with the changes of relevance of age as a constituent of individual identity in the course of life career, the change of perspective on one's own and the others' age. In relation to this, she points out the strategies of identity maintaining, or the strategies by means of which individuals cope with ageing (the concept of themselves as younger, not-elderly, age distortion, taking over symbols of "young" life style etc.). The author concludes that individu-als reflect individual differences in experiencing age, relativity of evaluation (of age, old age) in relation to both the object and the subject of evaluation and they "rate" individual features, abilities and skills above age itself. Nevertheless the importance of age in various contexts of individuals' lives and for their identity is undeniable. Sociológia 2009, Vol. 41 (No. 2: 149-167)

Sociológia - Slovak Sociological Review. Volume 41, 2009, No. 2: 149-167.